Government of Norway
Since Norway joined the World Heritage Committee in 2017, it has significantly stepped up its support for the implementation of the UNESCO World Heritage Convention.
Norway provided a grant of NOK 25 million (US$ 2.9 million) in July 2019 to the World Heritage Fund to strengthen efforts to improve the state of conservation of World Heritage sites in Africa. In December 2020, Norway committed an additional amount of NOK 50 million and in December 2021, an amount of NOK 2 million. This increases Norway’s overall contribution to the World Heritage Fund to NOK 77 million (equivalent to US$ 8.9 million) over three years. Prior to these grants, Norway has already funded World Heritage activities in Africa for US$ 482,000. Norway was a member of the World Heritage Committee for the period 2017-2021.
Supporting World Heritage in Africa
The funding provided by the Government of Norway to the World Heritage Fund is dedicated to the preservation of World Heritage sites in Africa, in particular natural World Heritage sites inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger or sites severely threatened. The funding enables the UNESCO World Heritage Centre to develop and implement, together with States Parties and other conservation partners, a range of ambitious activities towards the preservation of natural, cultural and mixed sites in Africa.
The World Heritage properties in Africa face a variety of threats from armed conflict to development pressures, unsustainable use of natural resources, rapid urbanization and climate change. The COVID-19 pandemic has been mounting challenges at some sites, closing them from visitors and sometimes from guards, which affect local livelihoods and security situation.
At the same time, the demands of heritage conservation have grown despite improved management of World Heritage in many sites over the last reporting period. On one hand, Africa’s rapid pace of development puts its World Heritage sites under increasing pressure. On the other, there is a need to ensure that heritage protection contributes to human well-being by strengthening the three dimensions of sustainable development that are environmental sustainability, inclusive social development, and inclusive economic development, as well as the fostering of peace and security.
In addition to the project activities in Africa, Norway also contributes to the Rapid Response Facility, a mechanism that aids protected areas in the event of an emergency and sudden crisis. Further, with the support of Norway, UNESCO promotes the List of World Heritage in Danger as a key conservation tool of the World Heritage Convention.
Conservation for sustainable development
The World Heritage Sustainable Development Policy (2015), adopted by the World Heritage Committee, provides concepts and principles linking conservation of the Outstanding Universal Value of World Heritage properties with sustainable development. The participation of local communities and indigenous peoples, gender equality and human-rights based approach are central to these aims.
All project activities supported by Norway aim at making an important contribution to Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals. The projects deploy strategies and practices that contribute to effective and equitable management of World Heritage sites, support human well-being and social inclusion of local communities, and enhance the capacity of heritage practitioners and institutions in Africa.
See also 5C. Progress report on Priority Africa, sustainable development and World Heritage (presented at the 44th session of the World Heritage Committee, 2021)
- Conflict mitigation in Okapi Wildlife Reserve
- Securing Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park
- Developing Sustainable Fisheries in Lake Malawi National Park (Malawi)
- Ecological Monitoring in Garamba National Park
- Ecological restoration of the Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves
- Engaging Local Communities in the Stewardship of World Heritage (COMPACT)
- Engaging local communities in the conservation of the Maloti-Drakensberg Park World Heritage site
- Engaging local communities in the conservation of the Okavango Delta World Heritage site
- Enhancing monitoring and surveillance efforts to maintain ecological connectivity in the Dja Faunal Reserve
- Improvement of the conservation of Koutammakou, the Land of the Batammariba
- Improvement of the conservation of Koutammakou, the Land of the Batammariba - Phase 2
- Lake Malawi fish conservation project
- Natural World Heritage
- Preservation Of The Historic Town Of Grand-Bassam
- Project to support African States Parties to develop a strategy and finalisation of the DSOCR of natural properties
- Promoting the application of the Historic Urban Landscape (HUL) to safeguard heritage in the urban context in Africa: Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (Uganda) and Royal Palaces of Abomey (Benin)
- Promoting the sustainable management of the W-Arly-Pendjari Complex
- Protection measures against the impacts of agricultural and agro industrial projects in Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary
- Rapid Response Facility (RRF)
- Salonga National Park boundary demarcation project
- Silk Roads Heritage Corridor
- Support the development and implementation of corrective measures and desired state of conservation for the removal of Lake Turkana National Parks from the List of World Heritage in Danger
- Supporting cultural and environmental education programmes in Lopé National Park
- Toward removing Niokolo-Koba National Park from the List of World Heritage in Danger
- Uplifting the perception of the List of World Heritage in Danger
- Uplifting the perception of the List of World Heritage in Danger
- Suppressing the spread of uncontrolled fire in Mount Kenya National Park 03-Jun-2022
- UNESCO supports the protection of key species and lives of local communities in Garamba National Park 30-May-2022
- UNESCO launches its Strategy to remove African properties from the List of World Heritage in Danger 24-May-2022
- UNESCO supports eco-tourism and income generating activities in Lopé National Park in Gabon 20-May-2022
- Launching Ceremony: “Improving Management Effectiveness of World Heritage in Africa” 06-Apr-2022
- UNESCO emergency response to deadly attack in W-Arly-Pendjari Complex 25-Mar-2022
- With Norway support Malawi reinforces fish conservation in Lake Malawi 10-Mar-2022
- Okavango Delta boosts work to involve communities in conservation 21-Jan-2022
- UNESCO and ICCROM launch training initiative strengthening management of African World Heritage sites 03-Jan-2022
- Battling Blazes in the Brazilian Cerrado 22-Nov-2021
- Launch of an online consultation concerning the perception of the List of World Heritage in Danger 19-Aug-2021
- Looking into the future: Highlights of the Regional Action Plan for Africa (2021‐2027) 03-Aug-2021
- Saving the vaquita from extinction 05-Jul-2021
- UNESCO provides crucial support to biodiversity in emergency situations 31-Mar-2021
- Norway supports animal surveillance in Pendjari and W National Parks (Benin) 13-Jan-2021
- Norway increases support of natural heritage in Africa 01-Dec-2020
- Strengthening firefighting to prevent destruction in Brazil’s Pantanal 16-Sep-2020
- Saving the lives of Tigers and People in the Sundarbans 19-Aug-2020
- Safeguarding the Endangered Mountain Gorilla during COVID-19 Crisis 23-Jun-2020
- Emergency response to tragic attack in Virunga National Park 14-May-2020
- UNESCO grants emergency funds to assist Argentinean Biosphere Reserve threatened by poaching 17-Mar-2020
- Norway strengthens its support for the protection of Natural World Heritage 29-Jul-2019
- 2nd UNESCO Sub-Regional Workshop on Serial Nomination for Rock Art Sites in Central Asia 06-Sep-2010-10-Sep-2010
- UNESCO Sub-regional Workshop on the Serial World Heritage Nomination of the Silk Roads 18-May-2009-24-May-2009