State of Conservation (SOC)
Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara (2003)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:0USD
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Current conservation issues
In July 2001, the World Heritage Centre received information concerning a plan to construct a major motorway called "Keinawa Motorway" in the vicinity of the Nara (Heijo) Palace site, one of the monuments listed as "The Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara" World Heritage site. Following this information, the World Heritage Centre requested the Japanese Government for information, particularly with regard to the potential damage that could result from the construction of the road in the vicinity of archaeological deposits. The Japanese Government informed the Centre that the authorities had established a "Cultural Property Examination Committee" consisting of cultural heritage experts to examine this issue.
According to a report from the Government in October 2002, this Committee assessed the universal value of the property, and recommended that the Nara Palace site be protected from any potential negative impacts and routing of the motorway beneath the site should be avoided. The World Heritage Centre expressed appreciation to the Japanese authorities' effort and requested to be kept informed on the decision-making process and the final decision on the motorway. In March 2003, the World Heritage Centre received information from a Japanese NGO, representing 14 NGOs and numerous individual citizens, stating that in spite of the fact that the Ministry of Land Infrastructure and Transport had established an Expert Committee in September 2002 to serve as a link between the Government and the general public on decisions regarding the routing of the Keinawa Motorway, this NGO claimed that communication was not transparent and that the general public had not had the opportunity to express comments on the routing of the motorway. Following this information, the World Heritage Centre requested further information on 17 April 2003 from the Japanese authorities concerning the decisions regarding the Keinawa Motorway construction, in relationship to the World Heritage property.
Link to the decision
The World Heritage Committee ,
1. Having examined the state of conservation of the property for the first time since its inscription on the World Heritage List in 1998,;
2. Expressing its appreciation to the State Party for examining the potential negative and irreversible impact of the construction of the Keinawa Motorway could have upon the World Heritage value of the property,;
3. Encourages the State Party to continue making efforts to ensure the authenticity and integrity of the property;
4. Suggests that the concerned authorities continue their efforts in informing the local communities on the decision making process;
5. Requests the State Party to provide to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2004, a report on the decision- making process and the final decision concerning the construction of the motorway in order that the World Heritage Committee can examine the state of conservation of the property at its 28th session in 2004.
 Decision adopted without discussion.
Draft Decision: 27 COM 7 (b) 49
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined the state of conservation of the property for the first time since its inscription on the World Heritage List,
2. Expressing its appreciation to the Government of Japan for examining the potential negative and irreversible impact the construction of the Keinawa Motorway could have upon the World Heritage values of the property,
3. Encourages the Government of Japan to continue making efforts to ensure the conservation of the authenticity and integrity of the property,
4. Suggests that the concerned authorities continue their efforts in informing the local communities on the decision making process,
5. Requests the State Party to provide, by 1 February 2004, a report on the decision making process and the final decision concerning the construction of the motorway, for examination at the 28th session of the Committee.
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).