State of Conservation (SOC)
Volcanoes of Kamchatka (2003)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:0USD
1997: UICN mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Salmon poaching;
- Proposals for gold mining;
- Gas pipeline project;
- Geothermal power plant project;
- Road construction project.
Current conservation issues
Following the Committee’s decision, the Centre requested the State Party to submit a report on the management and staffing levels and arrangements in the protected areas included in the site, the system of delineation or distribution of game areas and the management of hunting, including the extent of involvement of the protected area management/authorities, and the location of the gas pipeline and power plant in relation to the site’s boundary, as well as any impacts on the site. To date, no report from the State Party was received.
IUCN recalled that the Committee recommended at its 25th session (Helsinki, 2001) that the State Party invite a joint UNESCO/IUCN monitoring mission to assess the state of conservation of the site. However, the Committee at its 26th session (Budapest, 2002) decided to defer the mission until the above information is received. Although the report on the above issues has not yet been received, IUCN believes the mission should take place to assess the state of these issues and newly received information. IUCN received information that the Federal Forest Service of the Ministry of Natural Resources is leasing the most valuable lands within the protected area to private companies for exploitation of natural resources, in particular timber.
IUCN notes that in June 2002, the Ministry of Natural Resources started to implement a seven-year UNDP/GEF funded project (Kamchatka Phase I) “Demonstrating Sustainable Conservation of Biodiversity in Four Protected Areas”. The project will seek to bolster the legal status and improve monitoring and management of Kamchatka’s protected areas, fund scientific research and ensure that local people benefit by developing tourism and integrating indigenous peoples’ hunting and fishing into site management.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Welcomes the State Party's co-operation with United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)/Global Environment Facility (GEF) in an effort to conserve and protect the Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage property;
2. Commends the State Party for beginning to implement Phase I of the project;
3. Regrets that the Russian authorities did not provide the report requested by 1 February 2003 (26 COM 21 (b) 20) until 20 May 2003;
4. Welcomes the invitation by the State Party for an IUCN and UNESCO mission to visit the property in spring 2004, to provide a report in order that the World Heritage Committee can examine the state of conservation of the property at its 28th session in 2004.
Draft Decision: 27 COM 7 (b) 20
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Welcomes the State Party’s co-operation with UND /GEF in an effort to conserve and protect the Volcanoes of Kamchatka World Heritage site, and for beginning to implement Phase I of the project,
2. Notes with concern that the State Party did not provide any report on the state of conservation of the site,
3. Requests that the State Party invite an IUCN/UNESCO mission to the site to provide a report by 1 February 2004 for review by its 28th session.
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Detailed List of SOC reports
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).