State of Conservation (SOC)
Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha (2002)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:40,000USD
|2002||Emergency Technical-Co-operation for safeguarding measures at ...||0 USD|
|2001||Brick Conservation of the Alcove Remains of the Maya Devi Temple ...||20,000 USD|
|2000||Support for the Organization of an International Scientific ...||20,000 USD|
October 1999: World Heritage Centre mission; July and September 2001: 2 technical expert misisons; June-July 2002: UNESCO reactive monitoring mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Construction of concrete foundations at the Maya Devi Temple site in December 1998
- Need for a site conservation plan
- Extremely harsh natural environment
- Need for a sustainable drainage mechanism to prevent further degradation of the archaeological deposits
- Usage of the pilgrimage property
Current conservation issues
Although the state of conservation of this property has been regularly examined by the Bureau and Committee since 1999, the situation still calls for serious remedial measures based upon careful assessment and analysis of the heritage assets and usage of the pilgrimage property. Appropriate follow-up actions are necessary based upon the recommendations adopted by the Nepalese authorities following the International Technical Meeting (April 2001) and four international expert missions organized at the request of the Government, to ensure adequate conservation, management and presentation activities on-site.
At the time of preparation of this working document, the World Heritage Centre was organizing a mission to be undertaken by a conservation and site management expert and a brick conservation expert, both of whom had undertaken successful missions in close co-operation with the Nepalese authorities for examining options for enhanced conservation and presentation of the property. This mission is expected to take place between 24 June - 2 July 2002.
In the meantime, ICOMOS and ICCROM and other international experts who have previously participated in international technical meetings concerning the rehabilitation of the Maya Devi Temple, informed the Centre that the new "Maya Devi Temple Rehabilitation Plan" submitted by the authorities met some recommendations made previously, pending the results of the activity undertaken by the Nepalese authorities and the University of Bradford (U.K.) to compile basic information to assess pilgrimage activities, environmental factors and to identify high or low-importance archaeological areas through non-destructive geophysical survey. One of the objectives of the forthcoming mission is to examine on-site with the authorities, this new "Maya Devi Temple Rehabilitation Plan" together with the final report of the environmental and geophysical survey results. The mission will also examine ways of reformulating the technical co-operation request to meet the urgent conservation and management needs of the site.
Analysis and Conclusion
The World Heritage Committee,
Link to the decision
1. Having examined the report on the state of conservation of the property and new information provided by the Centre, the State Party and ICOMOS;
2. Recognizes the need for presenting this pilgrimage centre in an appropriate manner;
3. Expresses grave concern over the intrusive and heavy construction of the new Maya Devi Temple recently built over the archaeological remains within the core zone of Lumbini in spite of the existence of archaeological deposits in the immediate vicinity of the already exposed archaeological remains of the Maya Devi Temple;
4. Considering that a UNESCO reactive monitoring mission, originally organized to assist the authorities in finalizing the design of the Maya Devi Temple shelter, was undertaken between 25 June - 2 July 2002;
5. Decides to examine further information and recommendations of this mission at its 27th session;
6. Requests the State Party in the interim period to provide information concerning the existing conservation codes applicable to this property and management mechanisms that ensure the protection of the World Heritage values of the property;7. Requests that a report on the state of conservation of the property be submitted by 1 February 2003 for examination at its 27th session in June/July 2003.
Link to the decision
XIV.1 The Bureau approved the following requests for international assistance:
Cultural - Asia - Pakistan
Preparatory assistance for the nomination of the archaeological remains at Ranigat as an extension of Taxila World Heritage site
The Bureau approved US$ 30,000, subject to the State Party paying its dues to the World Heritage Fund.
Natural - Africa - Senegal
Derby Eland Monitoring Programme
The Bureau approved US$ 29,296 for this request, subject to the State Party paying its dues to the World Heritage Fund.
Natural - Arab States - Egypt
Meeting to prepare Tentative Lists for Natural Heritage in the Arab Region.
The Bureau approved this request for US$ 29,500.
Cultural - Europe - Norway
International Course on Wood Conservation Technology
The Bureau approved this request for US$ 30,000, requesting the State Party to take into consideration the comments of ICCROM.
Mixed - Latin America - Argentina
Sub-regional training workshop on Management and Administration of World Heritage properties.
The Bureau approved this request for US$ 22,350 requesting the World Heritage Centre to co-ordinate the implementation of the activity in close collaboration with the State Party as well as with the Advisory Bodies to ensure that the meeting is carried out with sub-regional participation.
Cultural - Latin America & Caribbean - Dominican Republic
Annual Seminary Workshop on Cultural Heritage Risk Prevention for the Caribbean and Central America
The Bureau approved this request for US$ 30,000, pending clarification by the State Party concerning the questions raised by ICCROM.
Cultural - Asia - Nepal
Emergency Technical-Co-operation for safeguarding measures at Lumbini, Birthplace of the Lord Buddha World Heritage site
The Bureau recommended reformulation of the request for re-examination by the Committee at its 26th session.
Cultural - Latin America & Caribbean - Brazil
Emergency Assistance for the Historic Centre of the City of Goiás (Rain and Overflows)
The Bureau approved US$ 7,288 as additional emergency assistance for this request.
Cultural - Latin America & Caribbean - Cuba
Emergency Assistance for the Convent of Santa Clara of Asissi, Old Havana and its Fortifications.
The Bureau approved US$ 75,000 for this activity.
Cultural - Arab States - Algeria
Elaboration of a Preliminary Plan of Conservation and Development of the M’ Zab Valley.
The Bureau recommended approval of US$ 35,000 by the Committee, requesting the World Heritage Centre to coordinate the implementation of the activity in close collaboration with the national authorities concerned.
Cultural - Asia - Turkmenistan
Reinforcement of the capacities of the Department for Protection and Restoration of Monuments, Turkmenistan, to conserve the World Heritage site of Ancient Merv.
The Bureau approved an initial US$ 30,000 for commencing the activity, and recommended that the remaining US$ 38,814 be approved by the World Heritage Committee in June 2002.
Cultural - Asia - Uzbekistan
Restoration of the medersa “Rachid” at Bukhara World Heritage site ICOMOS
The Bureau recommended reformulation by the State Party and re-examination of the request by the Committee at its 26th session.
The Committee may wish to examine further information that will be made available at the time of its session and take the appropriate decision thereupon.
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Extremely harsh natural environment; Improve the drainage for the Temple
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).