State of Conservation (SOC)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:33,000USD
|1999||Signage on-site within the Taxila Museum Complex concerning the ...||5,000 USD|
|1995||Vegetation control at the World Heritage site of Taxila (NOT ...||28,000 USD|
October 1999: World Heritage Centre mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Lack of vegetation control
- Heavy industries and the stone quarrying in the Taxila Valley areas
- Need to redefine if necessary, the boundaries of the Taxila World Heritage Site
Current conservation issues
World Heritage Bureau, nineteenth session - Chapter VI.20
World Heritage Committee, nineteenth session – Chapter VII.47
World Heritage Bureau, twenty-third session - Chapter IV.71
New information:(For Fort and Shalamar Gardens of Lahore and Taxila Archaeological Remains)
Following the decisions of the Bureau at its twenty-third session, a mission was undertaken by a World Heritage Centre staff to Lahore and Karachi between 12 – 15 October 1999. At the time of the preparation of this document, consultations were being held with representatives of the Department of Archaeology and Museums and members of the National Technical Committee for the Preservation of the Shish Mahal, Lahore Fort. Political disturbance and change in Government during the midst of the mission may render necessary, another reactive monitoring mission when the new authorities responsible for decisions concerning the newly constructed football stadium at Bhir Mound in Taxila and those for the demobilised hydraulic works of the Shalamar Gardens are in place.
A full report on the findings of the mission will be presented at the twenty-third extraordinary session of the Bureau.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
X.43 Taxila (Pakistan)
Fort and Shalamar Gardens of Lahore (Pakistan)
The Committee recalled the reports from the twenty-third ordinary and the twenty-third extraordinary session of the Bureau on the state of conservation of this property and adopted the following decision:
"The Committee examined the report of the Secretariat. The Committee expressed concern over the demolition of the 375-year old essential hydraulic works of the Shalamar Gardens, which had been carried out to enlarge the 4-lane Grand Trunk Road into a 6-lane motorway, as well as the completed football stadium built on the archaeological remains of Bhir Mound, the most ancient citadel site dating between 6th BC - 2nd AD within Taxila. In view of the ascertained threats undermining the authenticity and integrity of these two sites, the Committee requested the State Party to take urgent corrective measures to restore the hydraulic works at Shalamar Gardens, and to consider removing the football stadium negatively impacting upon the archaeological remains of Bhir Mound. The Committee requested the State Party to report on the actions taken for examination by the twenty-fourth session of the Bureau. Should the Bureau find that the World Heritage values have been compromised, it would recommend the Committee to consider inscription of these sites on the List of World Heritage in Danger at its twenty-fourth session, in view of the threats facing these sites.
Taking note of the need to elaborate a comprehensive management plan for both the Fort and Shalamar Gardens of Lahore, the Committee requested the World Heritage Centre to urgently organize a reactive monitoring mission by the advisory bodies to Lahore. The Committee requested that consultation on the proposals for protecting the Shish Mahal Mirrored Ceiling be undertaken by ICCROM with the national authorities, during this mission. The Committee requested the advisory bodies and the World Heritage Centre to report on findings and recommendations of the mission for examination by the twentyfourth session of the Bureau."
The Bureau may wish to examine the report of the Secretariat at the time of its twenty-third extraordinary session and take decisions thereupon.
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
Lack of vegetation control
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).