State of Conservation (SOC)
Archaeological Ruins at Moenjodaro (1997)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:79,000USD
|1995||Updating of the Tentative List and revision of the nomination ...||11,000 USD|
|1983||6-month fellowship for the Head of the Moenjodaro laboratory||14,000 USD|
|1982||Training and equipment for a conservation laboratory and workshop ...||34,000 USD|
|1982||Workshop seminar at Moenjodaro on the conservation of this ...||20,000 USD|
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Flooding and lowering of the ground water table
- Impacts of tourism/visitor
- Deterioration of the bricks due to salt crystallization and hydration
Current conservation issues
The excavated remains of this site continue to be threatened by the environment. The US$ 24 million International Campaign for the Safeguarding of Moenjodaro, launched by UNESCO and the Government of Pakistan in 1974, was concluded in September 1997. The Campaign’s International Advisory Committee, at its final meeting, made recommendations to the Government of Pakistan to create an administrative structure to manage the site with assistance from international experts.
Analysis and Conclusion
Link to the decision
VII.55 The Committee noted the decisions of the twenty-first extraordinary session of the Bureau on the following cultural properties as reflected in the report of the Bureau session, Working Documents WHC-97/CONF.208/4B Section III.C.c):
Joya de Ceren Archaeological Site (El Salvador)
Le Canal du Midi (France)
Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (France)
Ashanti Traditional Buildings (Ghana)
Maya Site of Copan (Honduras)
Agra Fort, Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri (India)
Quseir Amra (Jordan)
Town of Luang Prabang (Lao People's Democratic Republic)
Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan (Mexico)
Ilha de Mozambique (Mozambique)
Baroque Churches of the Philippines (Philippines)
Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct (Spain)
Cultural World Heritage sites in Sri Lanka
Ancient City of Damascus (Syrian Arab Republic)
Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey)
Itchan Kala, Historic Centre of Bukhara (Uzbekistan)
Shibam and Zabid (Yemen).
The Bureau may wish to adopt the following text and transmit it to the Committee for noting:
"The Bureau takes note of the information provided by the Secretariat concerning the conclusion of the International Campaign for the Safeguarding of Moenjodaro, and request[s] the Government of Pakistan to keep the Secretariat informed on the implementation of the final recommendations of the International Advisory Committee."
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
Deterioration of the bricks due to salt crystallization and hydration
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).