State of Conservation (SOC)
Galápagos Islands (1997)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:405,350USD
|1996||Architectural design for the interpretation centre on Isabela ...||0 USD|
|1994||Fire figthing equipment for Galapagos||50,000 USD|
|1992||Revision of the management plan for Galapagos Islands||29,000 USD|
|1992||One fellowship for an officer from the Galapagos National Park to ...||3,100 USD|
|1992||Support to 3 resource persons and organization of a training ...||15,000 USD|
|1992||Financial contribution to a training course organized by the ...||20,000 USD|
|1990||Training in Costa Rica of one specialist from the Galapagos ...||2,000 USD|
|1990||Study to investigate the impacts of tourism on Galapagos National ...||14,000 USD|
|1989||Purchase of 2 motor-boats and spare parts, as well as repair and ...||59,500 USD|
|1989||Financial contribution to the Charles Darwin Foundation for the ...||20,000 USD|
|1989||One study grant enabling the superintendent of Galapagos National ...||4,000 USD|
|1988||Purchase of 4 boats for strengthening the protection of Galapagos ...||54,000 USD|
|1988||Consultancy services for reviewing and preparing a training plan ...||4,250 USD|
|1987||1.5 month consultancy mission to follow-up the zoning plan for ...||2,500 USD|
|1987||Contribution to consultancy mission for the development of a ...||2,000 USD|
|1987||Provision of 2 experts for 3.5 months to advise on the management ...||15,000 USD|
|1986||Financial support to the environmental education and ...||20,000 USD|
|1985||Contribution to the training of an environmental education ...||2,500 USD|
|1985||4-month training in management of protected areas (course ...||6,000 USD|
|1985||Contribution to purchase of equipment for Galapagos National Park ...||10,500 USD|
|1982||Financial contribution to a training course organised by the ...||10,000 USD|
|1979||Purchase of equipment to eliminate invasive species in Galapagos||50,000 USD|
|1979||Training seminar in the Galapagos||12,000 USD|
June 1996: fact-finding mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Fire (issue resolved);
- Limited protected area;
- Over fishing;
- Tourist pressure;
- Lack of financial resources
Current conservation issues
The Committee, at its last session in Merida, Mexico, decided to "include the Galápagos National Park in the List of World Heritage in Danger, effective 15 November 1997, unless a substantive written reply by Ecuador is received by 1st May 1997, and the Bureau, at its twenty-first session determine that effective actions have been taken".
At its twenty-first ordinary session in June 1997, the Bureau, after having studied the reports of the State Party and IUCN, were convinced that effective actions had been taken and that it would not be appropriate to include the Galápagos National Park in the List of World Heritage in Danger. Nevertheless, the Bureau requested Ecuador to submit, by 15 November 1997, an up-to-date report describing the situation in Galápagos, and addressing the following issues: decree; law; control of residency; quarantine; environmental management of populated areas; introduced species; marine reserve; tourism; and financing. In addition, the Bureau recommended that if the decrees issued by the Government of Ecuador are not reflected in law by the time of the twenty-first session of the Committee, in December 1997, the Committee once again consider adding the Galápagos to the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Analysis and Conclusion
The Bureau may wish to examine the report from the State Party due by 15 November 1997 at the time of its session and take appropriate actions thereupon.
Link to the decision
VII.38 Galapagos National Park (Ecuador)
The Committee took note of the detailed report provided by the Government of Ecuador on 15 November 1997 concerning the situation of the Galapagos Islands as well as of further information by IUCN. The Committee decided the following:
1) Noting the relevant decisions taken by the World Heritage Committee at its 19th and 20th sessions, and by the Bureau of the Committee at its 20th and 21st sessions in June 1996 and June 1997 respectively;
2) Commending the recent efforts and commitment of the Government of Ecuador to address the complex threats to the integrity of the Galapagos World Heritage site and Marine Area;
3) Noting that the draft "Special Galapagos Law" currently before the Ecuadorean Congress, where it has been approved in a first debate, is the centrepiece of an effective conservation strategy for the site;
4) Invited the Government of Ecuador to notify in a timely fashion the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee of the final enactment and entering into force of the law referred to above;
5) Decided not to inscribe the Galapagos World Heritage site on the List of World Heritage in Danger, at this time;
6) Decided that if, by the opening date of the next scheduled session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee, the Government of Ecuador has not notified the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee of the enactment and entry into force of the Galapagos Special Law as stipulated in Paragraph 4 above, Galapagos Islands be inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
7) Requested the State Party, in accordance with the recommendation made by IUCN at the June 1997 meeting of the Bureau, to provide the Committee with an annual progress report up to the end of 2002.
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC Reports2014 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1992 1990 1986 1985
Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 2007 -2010
Threats to the Site:
- Inadequate implementation of the Special Law on Galápagos and lack of enforcement;
- Poor governance;
- Inadequate regional planning;
- Inadequate and ineffective quarantine measures;
- Illegal fishing;
- Instability of Park Director’s position;
- High and unregulated illegal in-migration and resulting impacts of development on biodiversity;
- Unsustainable tourism development;
- Educational reform not implemented
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).