State of Conservation (SOC)
Garamba National Park (1996)
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Total Amount Ap proved:212,870USD
|1994||Purchase of equipment for Garamba National Park (COMPLEMENT TO IA ...||10,000 USD|
|1993||Purchase of equipment for Garamba National Park||10,000 USD|
|1992||Review of the state of conservation of World Heritage sites in ...||3,750 USD|
|1991||Purchase and shipment of 3 all-terrain motorcycles for patrolling ...||15,000 USD|
|1988||Purchase of 2 vehicles to continue the activities of the ...||50,000 USD|
|1986||Purchase of equipment for the project to protect the rhinoceros ...||20,000 USD|
|1985||Equipment for the project to protect the rhinoceros population in ...||20,000 USD|
|1985||Contribution to the project for to rescue the white rhinoceros, ...||25,000 USD|
|1983||Equipment for rescue programme for white rhino and elephants in ...||40,000 USD|
|1980||Equipment for Garamba National Park||19,120 USD|
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Managerment issues (issue resolved);
- Civil unrest
Current conservation issues
Due to the success of the safeguarding action of the northern white rhino population by the World Heritage Committee, IUCN, WWF, the Frankfurt Zoological Society and the Zaire authorities, the site was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992. In April 1996, the Centre and IUCN received information on the poaching of two white rhinos (one female, one male adult). A joint WWF-IUCN mission to the site is being planned. The Centre requested the authorities to provide details of this event as well as any information on measures taken to prevent any further loss of the white rhino.
Given the gravity of the situation, the Bureau recommended to the Committee inscription of this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau requested the Centre to obtain the commitment of the Zaire authorities for such listing and for a submission of a plan for corrective measures in conformity with the Operational Guidelines. At the time of the preparation of this document, no further information from the authorities of Zaire has been received.
Analysis and Conclusion
The Bureau may wish to transmit the state of conservation report to the Committee for examination and recommend the Committee to adopt the following:
"The Committee decides to inscribe the Garamba national Park on the List of World Heritage in danger and encourages international partners to collaborate to safeguard the white rhino population."
Link to the decision
VII.37 Garamba National Park (Zaire)
The Committee recalled that due to the success of the safeguarding action of the northern white rhino population by the World Heritage Committee, IUCN, WWF, the Frankfurt Zoological Society and the Zaire authorities, the site was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992. In April 1996, the Centre and IUCN received information on the poaching of two white rhinos.
The Bureau at its twentieth extraordinary session took note of additional information provided by IUCN on the loss of three rangers killed at the site and information based on a detailed report provided by WWF and the IUCN Species Survival Commission. The Bureau recalled that it discussed at its twentieth session inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger given the gravity of the situation. The Bureau took note that no commitment of the Zaire authorities for such listing had been obtained and no plan for corrective measures in conformity with the Operational Guidelines had been submitted. The Bureau also considered the serious situation in Zaire and the situation of the protected areas in Africa in general, which has to be related to sustainable development and international collaboration.
The Committee emphasized the difficult situation in Zaire and requested the Chairperson to write a letter of condolence to the families of the rangers who were killed.
The Committee decided to inscribe the Garamba National Park on the List of World Heritage in Danger, and urged the State Party to collaborate with WWF, IUCN, and the Centre to prepare a plan for corrective measures in conformity with the Operational Guidelines and encouraged international partners to collaborate to safeguard the northern white rhino and other wildlife populations in the Park.
Link to the decision
VII.4 The Committee at its twentieth session examined the state of conservation reports contained in Working Document WHC-96/CONF.201/7B, and additional information provided in Information Document WHC-96/CONF.201/INF.23 and decided to include the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:
Simen National Park (Ethiopia)
Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve (Honduras)
Ichkeul National Park (Tunisia)
Garamba National Park (Zaire)
Democratic Republic of the Congo
View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
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Detailed List of SOC reports
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1996
Threats to the Site:
The Garamba National Park was inscribed again on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1996 for the following reasons:
a) Increased poaching;
b) Pressure linked to the civil war, thereby threatening the flagship species of the property.Year: 1984 -1992
Threats to the Site:
The Garamba National Park was listed for the first time on the List of World Heritage in Danger between 1984 and 1992 due to a serious decline in the population of white rhinos. With the success of the measures taken by the World Heritage Committee, IUCN, WWF, the Frankfurt Zoological Society and the national authorities, the rhino population has increased from an alarming total of five specimens to thirty-five animals and the site was removed from the List of World Heritage in danger at the sixteenth session of the Committee in 1992.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).