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Historic Centre of Český Krumlov

Historic Centre of Český Krumlov

Situated on the banks of the Vltava river, the town was built around a 13th-century castle with Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque elements. It is an outstanding example of a small central European medieval town whose architectural heritage has remained intact thanks to its peaceful evolution over more than five centuries.

Centre historique de Český Krumlov

Sur les rives de la Vltava, cette ville a été édifiée autour d'un château du XIIIe siècle comportant des éléments gothiques, Renaissance et baroques. C'est un exemple exceptionnel de petite ville médiévale d'Europe centrale qui s'est développée paisiblement pendant cinq siècles, conservant ainsi un patrimoine architectural intact.

وسط تشسكي كروملوف التاريخي

شُيدت هذه المدينة على ضفاف نهر فلتافا حول قصر يرقى الى القرن الثالث عشر ويتضمن عناصر تنتمي الى الفن القوطي وفن عصر النهضة وفن الباروك. وتشكل المدينة مثالاُ فريداً للمدينة الصغيرة التي نشأت في أوروبا الوسطى في القرون الوسطى ونمت بهدوء طيلة خمسة قرون، مع حفاظها على تراث معماري لم يمس.

source: UNESCO/ERI

克鲁姆洛夫历史中心

这个城镇位于瓦尔塔瓦河(Vltava river)畔,围绕一座13世纪城堡而建。这座城堡融合了哥特式、文艺复兴式以及巴洛克式风格。这是中世纪中欧小城的杰出典范,经历五个多世纪的和平发展,其建筑古迹被原封不动地保留了下来。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Исторический центр города Чески-Крумлов

Город на берегах реки Влтавы возник вокруг замка XIII в., сочетающего элементы готики, Возрождения и барокко. Это выдающийся пример небольшого средневекового центральноевропейского города, архитектурное наследие которого сохранилось благодаря мирному развитию в течение пяти столетий.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Centro histórico de Český Krumlov

Situada a orillas del río Moldava, esta ciudad se edificó en torno a un castillo del siglo XIII que posee elementos arquitectónicos de estilo gótico, renacentista y barroco. Český Krumlov es un ejemplo de pequeña ciudad medieval de Europa Central único en su género, ya que su apacible desarrollo ha permitido conservar intacto su patrimonio por espacio de más de cinco siglos.

source: UNESCO/ERI

チェスキー・クルムロフ歴史地区

source: NFUAJ

Historisch centrum van Český Krumlov

Český Krumlov ligt aan de oevers van de rivier de Moldau en werd gebouwd rond een 13e-eeuws kasteel met gotische, renaissance en barok elementen. Het is een goed voorbeeld van een kleine Centraal-Europese middeleeuwse stad, waarvan het architectonisch erfgoed intact is gebleven dankzij een vreedzame ontwikkeling gedurende meer dan vijf eeuwen. Český Krumlov heeft twee belangrijke historische gebieden: het Latran gebied onder het kasteel en de stad aan de overkant, in de bocht van de Moldau. De stad heeft een regelmatig, typisch middeleeuws stratenplan, met straten die uitlopen vanuit het centrale plein en een ronde weg tussen de stadsmuren.

Source: unesco.nl

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Long Description

Český Krumlov is an outstanding example of a central European small town dating from the Middle Ages that owes the structure and buildings of its historic core to its economic importance and relatively undisturbed organic development over some five centuries. The town grew up within a meander of the Vltava river, which provides a natural setting of great beauty. Its evolution over time is evident with startling clarity from its buildings and its urban infrastructure. It has profited from a relatively peaceful history in that it has retained its entire medieval layout and most of its historic buildings relatively intact. Restoration and conservation has been slight and so there can be no question as to the authenticity of both the townscape and its components.

The site is located on an ancient east-west communication route at a crossing of the Vltava River. The earliest documentary record of 1253 refers to the existence there of a castle belonging to a member of the ruling Vitkovici family of south Bohemia. The core of the castle (Hradek) dates from the 13th century. Settlement developed to the east (Latrán) and also on the opposite bank of the river round a central square. This multi-nodal urban development is a characteristic of medieval town development, especially in northern and central Europe. It was the seat of the influential Rožmberk family for 300 years from the mid-14th century. The Gothic castle was reconstructed in Renaissance style, with the involvement of leading artists of the period. The wealth and importance of the town is reflected in the high quality of many of the burgher houses, as the presence of the seat of government led to Český Krumlov becoming an important craft and trade centre. There was also considerable ecclesiastical development, illustrated by the major 15th-century church of St Vitus and monasteries of various preaching and itinerant orders. The town later passed to the equally influential Schwarzenberg family, and it retained its importance well into the 19th century.

There are two main historic areas - the Latrán area below the castle and the town proper on the opposite bank, in the meander of the Vltava River. The town has a regular street layout, typical of the planned towns of the Middle Ages, with streets radiating out from the central square and a circular intra-rampart road. The castle contains elements from the Gothic, High Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque styles. It is dominated by the Gothic Hradek with its round tower; this was subsequently converted into a Baroque chateau with the addition of a garden, the Bellaire summer palace, a winter riding school, and a unique Baroque theatre of 1766. Both Latrán and the town proper contain undisturbed ensembles of burgher houses from High Gothic onwards. They are notable for their facades, internal layouts and decorative detail, especially carved wooden Renaissance ceilings.

The Church of St Vitus, dating from the early 15th century, anticipates High Gothic in its reticulated vaulting and is significant in the European context. Other important historic elements are the Renaissance Jesuit College and Baroque seminary, the Town Hall (created by combining several burgher houses and embellishing them with a Renaissance facade), the remains of the fortifications, especially the Budejovicka Gate (a Renaissance structure, modelled on Italian originals), and the Renaissance armoury in Latrán.

The small towns of Bohemia are, because of their relatively untouched condition, of great importance in illustrating organic urban evolution in medieval and Renaissance central Europe in response to political, social and economic developments, and Český Krumlov is the finest surviving example, in terms of both its intactness and the quality of its buildings and townscape.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC
Historical Description

Český Krumlov is located on an ancient east-west communication route at a crossing of the Vltava River. The earliest documentary record of 1253 refers to the existence there of a castle belonging to a member of the ruling Vitkovici family of south Bohemia. The core of the Castle (Hrádek) dates from the 13th century. Settlement developed to the east (Latràn) and also on the opposite bank of the river round a central square. This multi-nodal urban development is a characteristic of medieval town development, especially in northern and central Europe.

It was the seat of the influential Rožmberk family for 300 years from the mid-14th century. The Gothic Castle was reconstructed in Renaissance style, with the involvement of leading artists of the period. The wealth and importance of the town is reflected in the high quality of many of the burgher houses, since the presence of the seat of government led to Český Krumlov becoming an important craft and trade centre. There was also considerable ecclesiastical development, illustrated by the major 15th century church of St Vitus and monasteries of various preaching and itinerant Orders. The town later passed to the equally influential Schwarzenberg family, and it retained its importance well into the 19th century.

There are two main historic areas - the Latràn area below the Castle and the town proper on the opposite bank, in the meander of the Vltava River. The town has a regular street layout, typical of the planned towns of the Middle Ages, with streets radiating out from the central square and a circular intra-rampart road.

The Castle contains elements from the Gothic, High Gothic, Renaissance, and Baroque styles. It is dominated by the Gothic Hradek with its round tower: this was subsequently converted into a Baroque chateau with the addition of a garden, the Bellaire summer palace, a winter riding school, and a unique Baroque theatre of 1766.

Both Latràn and the town proper contain undisturbed ensembles of burgher houses from High Gothic onwards. They are notable for their facades, internal layouts, and decorative detail, especially carved wooden Renaissance ceilings.

The Church of St Vitus, dating from the early 15th century, anticipates High Gothic in its reticulated vaulting and is significant in the European context. Other important historic elements are the Renaissance Jesuit College and Baroque seminary, the Town Hall (created by combining several burgher houses and embellishing them with a Renaissance facade), the remains of the fortifications, especially the Budĕjovická Gate (a Renaissance structure, modelled on Italian originals), and the Renaissance armoury in Latrán.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation