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Vatican City

Vatican City

The Vatican City, one of the most sacred places in Christendom, attests to a great history and a formidable spiritual venture. A unique collection of artistic and architectural masterpieces lie within the boundaries of this small state. At its centre is St Peter's Basilica, with its double colonnade and a circular piazza in front and bordered by palaces and gardens. The basilica, erected over the tomb of St Peter the Apostle, is the largest religious building in the world, the fruit of the combined genius of Bramante, Raphael, Michelangelo, Bernini and Maderno.

Cité du Vatican

Haut lieu du monde chrétien, la Cité du Vatican témoigne d'une grande histoire et d'une prodigieuse aventure spirituelle. Dans les limites de ce minuscule État, on peut admirer une concentration unique de chefs-d'œuvre de l'art. Avec la place circulaire à double colonnade qui la précède, avec les palais et les jardins qui l'entourent, la basilique, élevée sur les lieux du martyre de l'apôtre Pierre, en constitue le centre. C'est le plus grand édifice religieux du monde, fruit des génies conjugués de Bramante, Raphaël, Michel-Ange, Bernin et Maderno.

حاضرة الفاتيكان

تشكل حاضرة الفاتيكان محجة العالم المسيحي وتشهد على تاريخ عظيم ومغامرة روحية هامة. ويمكن التمتع في تخوم هذه الدولة الصغيرة تمركزاً فريداً للتحف الفنية. وتحتل البازيليك المرتفعة في موقع الرسول الشهيد القديس بطرس قلب المدينة الى جانب الساحة المستديرة المحاطة بصفين من العواميد والقصور والحدائق المحيطة بها. وتعتبر البازيليك أضخم بناء ديني في العالم وهي ثمرة ابداعات برامانت ورافاييل ومايكل أنجلو وبيرنيني وماديرنو مجتمعة.

source: UNESCO/ERI

梵蒂冈城

梵蒂冈城是基督教世界最神圣的地方之一,证明了过去辉煌的历史以及基督教神圣精神的发展进程。这个小国境内云集了大量艺术和建筑杰作。城中心坐落着圣彼得基督教堂,教堂正面是两条柱廊和圆形广场,有宫殿和花园环绕。这座矗立在使徒圣彼得陵墓上的长方形基督教堂,容取了布拉曼特、拉斐尔、米开朗基罗、贝尔尼尼和马德尔纳等大师的天才智慧,是世界上最大的宗教建筑。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ватикан – район Рима

Город-государство Ватикан, одно из самых священных мест христианского мира, имеет богатую историю и огромное духовное значение. В пределах этого крошечного государства находится уникальное собрание шедевров искусства и архитектуры. В центре Ватикана расположен собор Св. Петра с двойной колоннадой, круглой площадью перед ним и прилегающими дворцами и садами. Базилика, возведенная над гробницей Св. Петра Апостола, является крупнейшим религиозным зданием в мире. Это - результат соединения творческого гения Браманте, Рафаэля, Микеланджело, Бернини и Мадерны.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ciudad del Vaticano

Sitio sagrado de la cristiandad, la Ciudad del Vaticano es testigo de una gran historia y una prodigiosa empresa espiritual. El perímetro de este minúsculo Estado encierra un cúmulo ingente de obras de arte excepcionales. En su centro se yergue la gran basílica edificada sobre la tumba del apóstol San Pedro, precedida por una gran plaza circular con doble columnata y rodeada de palacios y jardines. Conceptuado como el mayor edificio religioso del mundo, este templo es obra del genio artístico de Bramante, Rafael, Miguel Ángel, Bernini y Maderna.

source: UNESCO/ERI

バチカン市国

source: NFUAJ

Vaticaanstad

Vaticaanstad is een van de meest heilige plaatsen binnen het christendom. Het getuigt van een omvangrijk geschiedenis en een grote spirituele onderneming. Binnen de grenzen van deze kleine staat bevindt zich een unieke collectie van artistieke en architectonische meesterwerken. In het centrum staat de Sint-Pietersbasiliek, met zijn dubbele zuilengalerij en een cirkelvormig plein aan de voorkant, omringd door paleizen en tuinen. De basiliek is gebouwd op het graf van de apostel Petrus. Het is het grootste religieuze gebouw ter wereld. Het meesterwerk kwam tot stand door de gezamenlijke inspanningen van kunstenaars, beeldhouwers en architecten als Bramante, Rafaël, Michelangelo, Bernini en Maderna.

Source: unesco.nl

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Vatican City © Tim Schnarr
Long Description

As the site of the tomb of Saint Peter and a pilgrimage centre, the Vatican is directly and materially linked with the history of Christianity. Furthermore, it is both an ideal and an exemplary creation of the Renaissance and of Baroque art. It exerted an underlying influence on the development of art from the 16th century.

The independent state defined by the Lateran Treaty of 11 February 1929 extends its territorial sovereignty over an integral area of less than 50ha: the Vatican City. However, this tiny enclave of Rome has, within the heritage of mankind, an importance which is inversely proportional to its derisory area. Centre of Christianity since Constantine (4th century), first the occasional, and then the permanent seat of papal power, the Vatican is at once an important archaeological site of the Roman world, the pre-eminently holy city of the Catholics and one of the major cultural reference points of both Christians and non-Christians.

Its prestigious past explains the development of an architectural and artistic ensemble, of exceptional value. The churches and palaces rest on a substratum impregnated with history. Beneath the basilica of Saint Peter, reconstructed in the 16th century under the guidance of the most brilliant architects of the Renaissance, remains of the first basilica founded by Constantine still exist, as well as fragments of the circus of Caligula and Nero, and an entire Roman necropolis of the 1st century AD, where Christian sepulchres are placed side-by-side with pagans. Saint Peter's was founded as a longitudinal basilica with five aisles, with a transept, apse, and large atrium with quadriporticus. The edifice was erected in 315 over a tomb of Saint Peter. The apse area was subjected to a lengthy renovation which, entrusted by Pope Nicholas V in 1452 to Bernardo Rossellino, over the course of the following two centuries led a total revamping of the basilica's structural appearance. Julius II inaugurated a massive artistic project for the refoundation of the entire basilica, along with the decoration of the Stanze Vaticane and the Sistine Chapel and the construction of his own tomb. In 1606, finally, Carlo Maderno built the monumental facade and in 1626 the church was consecrated. Lorenzo Bernini was entrusted in 1656 for the renovation of the area in front of the basilica. He built two enormous hemicycles with Doric porticoes linked to the church through a trapezoidal plaza that frames the facade between two inclined perspectival backdrops. It represents the Church's embrace of all Christianity.

The Vatican Palace, built on a residence of Pope Symmachus (498-514), renewed during the Carolingian period and in the 12th century, is the result of a long series of construction campaigns in which, from the Middle Ages successive popes rivalled each other in their munificence. The building of Nicholas III (1272-80) was enlarged principally by Nicholas V (1447-55), Sixtus IV (1471-84) preceding the major works of Innocent VIII, Julius II and Leo X (Belvedere and Belvedere Court, San Damaso Court and Loggia of Raphael).

The history of Renaissance art and of the Baroque period merges freely with the later additions to the palace, from Paul III (1534-49) to Alexander VII (1665-67). The works of the 18th century (the foundation of the Pio-Clementino Musem by Pius VI), of the 19th century (the Antiquities Museum of Pius VII and Gregory XVI) and of the 20th century (the new Picture Gallery) fit within the tradition of papal patronage.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC