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Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee

Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee

The Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and Western Galilee are inscribed for their profound spiritual meaning and the testimony they bear to the strong tradition of pilgrimage in the Bahá’i faith. The property includes the two most holy places in the Bahá’í religion associated with the founders, the Shrine of Bahá’u’lláh in Acre and the Shrine of the Báb in Haifa, together with their surrounding gardens, associated buildings and monuments. These two shrines are part of a larger complex of buildings, monuments and sites at seven distinct locations in Haifa and Western Galilee that are visited as part of the Bahá’i pilgrimage.

Lieux saints bahá’is à Haïfa et en Galilée occidentale

Les lieux saints bahá’is, à Haïfa et en Galilée occidentale, sont inscrits en raison de leur profonde signification spirituelle et de leur importance dans la grande tradition de pèlerinage de la foi bahá’ie. Le bien comprend les deux lieux les plus sacrés de la religion bahá’ie, car associés à ses pères fondateurs : le mausolée de Bahá’u’lláh à Acre et le mausolée de Báb à Haïfa, avec leurs jardins environnants et les monuments et bâtiments associés. Ces deux temples font partie d’un ensemble plus vaste de bâtiments, monuments et sites répartis en sept différents points de Haïfa et de Galilée occidentale et font partie intégrante du pèlerinage bahá’i.

الأماكن البهائية المقدسة في حيفا والجليل الغربي

أدرِجت الأماكن البهائية المقدسة في حيفا والجليل الغربي  لما توفره من شهادة عن تقليد الحجة البهائي والإيمان العميق. وهي تحصي ما مجموعه 26 مبنى وصرحاً وموقعاً في 11 مكاناً في عكا وحيفا. ترتبط الأماكن بمؤسسي الديانة البهائية، ويُذكر من بينها ضريح بهاء الله في عكا وضريح الباب في حيفا. كما يشمل الموقع بيوتاً وحدائق ومقبرة ومجموعة واسعة من الأبنية الحديثة التي شيِّدت تبعاً للأسلوب الكلاسيكي الحديث، وتستخدَم للشؤون الإدارية وإيواء المحفوظات، وتعدّ مركزاً للبحوث. وُلدت الديانة البهائية عام 1844 مع إعلان دعوة الباب، نبيّها، في مدينة شيراز الإيرانية. وعلى أثر اغتيال الباب في عام 1850، أمضى مؤيده، بهاء الله، آخر 24 عاماً من حياته في منطقة الجليل الغربي، وعمل على جمع وتصنيف الكتابات الدينية التي أصبحت تشكل أساساً لديانته.  

source: UNESCO/ERI

海法和西加利利的巴海圣地

入选的理由是它们体现了巴海浓厚的朝圣传统,以及它们所蕴涵的关于宗教信仰的深刻内涵。这一遗产由分布在阿克和海法11个地方、与宗教创始人有关的26座建筑、纪念碑和遗址组成,其中包括位于阿克的巴哈欧拉圣陵和位于海法的巴孛陵墓。此外还有房屋、花园、公墓和用作教务行政、档案室和研究中心的大规模新古典主义风格的现代建筑群。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Святые места Бахаи в Хайфе и на западе Галилеи

занесены в список как свидетельства давней традиции паломничества бахаи и за их глубокое значение для веры. В объект входят 26 построек, памятников и городищ, образующих одиннадцать отдельных комплексов в Акре и Хайфе. Все они связаны с именами отцов-основателей культа. Среди прочих, здесь сохранились усыпальница Бахауллы в Акре и мавзолей Баба. Кроме того, на территории объекта имеются дома, сады, кладбище и целый ряд современных зданий неоклассического стиля, в которых размещается администрация, архивы и исследовательские центры.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Lugares sacros bahaíes en Haifa y Galilea Occidental

Estos lugares se han inscrito en la Lista del Patrimonio Mundial por ser testigos de la sólida tradición de peregrinación existente en la religión bahahí y por el profundo significado que tienen para quienes la profesan. Comprenden 26 edificios, monumentos y sitios, ubicados en 11 lugares de Acre y Haifa, que están vinculados a los fundadores de esta confesión religiosa. Entre ellos figuran el santuario del Bahá’u’lláh en Acre y el mausoleo del Báb en Haifa, así como una serie de casas y jardines, junto con un cementerio y un amplio conjunto de edificios modernos de estilo neoclásico que albergan la administración, los archivos y un centro de estudios.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ハイファ及び西ガリラヤ地方のバハイ聖地群

source: NFUAJ

Heilige plaatsen van het bahá’í geloof in Haifa en West-Galilea

De heilige plaatsen zijn erkend als werelderfgoed vanwege hun diepe spirituele betekenis en omdat ze getuigen van de sterke traditie van bedevaart binnen het bahá’í geloof. Het gebied beschikt over de twee meest heilige plaatsen in de bahá’í religie, die geassocieerd worden met de oprichters ervan. Dit zijn het heiligdom van Bahá’u’lláh in Acre en het heiligdom van de Báb in Haifa, samen met hun omliggende tuinen, bijbehorende gebouwen en monumenten. Deze twee heiligdommen maken deel uit van een groter complex van gebouwen en monumenten dat zich bevindt op zeven verschillende locaties in Haifa en West-Galilea. Deze plaatsen worden bezocht als onderdeel van de bahá’í bedevaart.

Source: unesco.nl

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Bahá’i Holy Places in Haifa and the Western Galilee
Outstanding Universal Value

Bahá’i Holy Places demonstrate Outstanding Universal Value for the Holy shrine of Bahá’u’lláh and the Holy shrine of the Báb, as the most holy places of the Bahá’í faith provide an exceptional testimony to the strong traditions of Bahá’í pilgrimage which have grown up over the last century and draw large numbers of followers from around the world. They also have a profound meaning and value for followers of the Bahá’í faith as sacred sites linked to the faith’s two founders.

Criterion (iii): The Holy shrine of Bahá’u’lláh and the Holy shrine of the Báb, as the most holy places of the Bahá’í faith, and visited by thousands of pilgrims each year from around the world, provide an exceptional testimony to, and are powerful communicators of, the strong cultural tradition of Bahá’í pilgrimage.

Criterion (vi): The two holy Bahá’í shrines are tangible places of great meaning for one of the world’s religions.

The property demonstrates integrity linked to the history and spiritual home of the Bahá’í faith and it demonstrates authenticity as tangible expression of the body of doctrine and system of values and beliefs that form the Bahá’í faith.

The legal protection of the nominated areas and their buffer zones will be improved once the TAMA 35 provisions come into force for Haifa. Conservation approaches are appropriate and the management system for the property provides high quality management.

Historical Description

As summarised above, the Bahá'í faith originated in 1844 with the declaration of its Prophet-Herald, the Báb, in the city of Shíráz, Iran. The rapid spread of the new creed was met by savage persecution, and the execution of the Báb in 1850. The focal point of the Baha'i faith moved to Western Galilee in 1868 when, after 15 years of wandering in Iraq, Turkey and Egypt, the Prophet- Founder, Bahá'u'lláh, who had been expelled from Iran in 1853, was banished to Acre, then a remote part of the Turkish Empire, by the Ottoman Sultan, Abdu'l Aźiz. Bahá'u'lláh spent the remaining 24 years of his life in Acre compiling the scriptures that are the foundation of the Baha'i faith and establishing a spiritual and administrative centre for the religion.

Bahá'u'lláh and his family were confined for two years in the Ottoman citadel of Acre during which time he maintained contact with believers and wrote some of his best known texts, such as the "Tablet of the Carmel". In 1870 his youngest son died, falling through a skylight in an incident that Bahá'u'lláh likened to Abraham's intended sacrifice of his son.

When he was finally released from the Citadel, Bahá'u'lláh lived for nine years under house arrest in a succession of houses in the Christian and Muslim neighbourhoods of Old Acre. These included the Mansion of Bahá'u'lláh, where he died and his mausoleum is housed, and the House of ‘Abdu'lláh Páshá where Abdu'l-Bahá lived until 1911 and where his son Shoghi Effendi was born, and where the remains of the Báb were stored for ten years until moved to the Mausoleum in Haifa.

In 1909 the remains of the Báb, brought from Iran, were buried in a very simple mausoleum in Haifa. This was greatly enlarged in 1953 and adorned with a golden dome. The building is now approached through a kilometre-long garden laid out between 1990 and 2001.

The spiritual and administrative centre established by Bahá'u'lláh has continued to develop until the present day, while the religion has spread first to Western Europe and North America and then to the rest of the world.

The Bahá'í religious community now numbers about five million around the world. It proclaims that the founders of the world's main religions - Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Buddha, Mahommed and Krishna - have been sent by God to educate humanity.

Source: Advisory Body Evaluation