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Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta

Pakistan
Factors affecting the property in 2009*
  • Erosion and siltation/ deposition
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Other Threats:

    a) Significant decay of the property caused by local climatic conditions and alluvial erosionb) Stability of the foundations (earth mechanics) of the Jam Nizamuddin tombd) Lack of monitoring

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Significant decay of the property caused by local climatic conditions and alluvial erosion;

b) Stability of the foundations (earth mechanics) of the Jam Nizamuddin tomb;

c) Lack of definition of boundaries of the property and buffer zone of the necropolis;

d) Lack of monitoring.

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2009
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 2009**

November-December 2006: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS mission.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2009

The property was listed on the 100 Most Endangered Sites of the World Monuments Watch List in 2005 due to significant decay resulting from harsh climatic conditions and topsoil erosion caused by the shifting riverbed. A joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission was undertaken to the property in November-December 2006. The mission identified a series of general and specific recommendations which the World Heritage Committee requested the State Party to implement (Decision 31 COM 7B.85).

The State Party submitted a state of conservation report to the World Heritage Centre on 27 January 2009. The report details progress on the implementation of the recommendations as follows:

a) Urgently identify the boundaries of the property and buffer zone of the necropolis

The necessary work for defining the boundaries of the property and buffer zone, including topographic steatite imaging and archaeological work, is awaiting approval from the Government as part of the overall Master Plan.

b) Adjust the strategy from a one-monument concept to a serial-site strategy (cluster of many individual tombs) with individual registration and evaluation of each tomb including their historic value, state of conservation, and an individual treatment plan

No specific information was provided in the State Party report.

c) Work out a monitoring programme in association with the treatment plan

No specific information was provided in the State Party report.

d) Further develop the site management plan

The Department of Archaeology and Museums (DOAM) has prepared a comprehensive Master Plan for the conservation and preservation of the Makli Hill Monuments at Thatta, which includes immediate-, medium- and long-term conservation and management plans for the property. The Master Plan is awaiting approval from the relevant authorities and the State Party indicates that it will be immediately implemented during the current financial year after it has been approved.

e) Further develop the didactic concept and documentation

Documentation of the structures within the property is ongoing, with the DOAM photographing and drawing monuments, and reviewing archive material. Once the Master Plan has been approved the DOAM intends to establish a documentation centre. Signage and interpretive boards have been installed at each monument for visitors.

f) Further develop capacity building

Capacity building will be facilitated through the documentation centre once this has been approved and established. The State Party notes its concern about the lack of funding available to carry out conservation work at the property.

g) As a matter of urgency, carry out soil investigations to determine the stability of the subsoil and the foundations of the tomb of Jam Nizamuddin

The State Party has recently applied for Emergency Assistance under the World Heritage Fund, to undertake preservation and stabilization work at Jam Nizamuddin’s tomb. It has resubmitted a revised application document, which was received by the World Heritage Centre on 11 February 2009 for an amount of USD 28,200.

h) Prepare a condition report for all other monuments and tombs and establish a prioritized emergency intervention plan

No specific information was provided in the State Party report.

i) Set up a weather station for data collection for monitoring the property

No specific information was provided in the State Party report.

j) Request a name change of the property to adequately reflect its Outstanding Universal Value

The State Party requested a name change for the property to “Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta”. This request will be examined by the World Heritage Committee under Item 8 of the Agenda (Document WHC-09/33.COM/8B).

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note the ongoing conservation work being undertaken at the property including the documentation of monuments and tombs, repair work and the installation of interpretive signs and boards. However, they are concerned about the overall lack of progress in the development of a) overall monitoring programme, b) management plan, c) condition report for all monuments and tombs, d) prioritized emergency intervention plan, and e) identification of the boundaries of the property and its buffer zone.

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies note however that a majority of the proposed conservation work at the property is dependant on the approval and implementation of the Master Plan. In the framework of the forthcoming periodic reporting exercise for the Asia Pacific region, the World Heritage Centre and Advisory Bodies will provide assistance to the State Party to formulate a Statement of Outstanding Universal Value for the property.

 

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2009
33 COM 7B.80
Historical Monuments of Thatta (Pakistan) (C 143)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-09/33.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 31 COM 7B.85, adopted at its 31st session (Christchurch, 2007),

3. Notes the ongoing conservation work undertaken by the State Party including the documentation of monuments and tombs, repair work and the installation of interpretive signs and boards;

4. Requests the State Party to provide three printed and electronic copies of the Master Plan, for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;

5. Also requests the State Party to continue progress in the implementation of the following:

a) Overall monitoring programme,

b) Management plan,

c) Condition report for all monuments and tombs,

d) Prioritized emergency intervention plan, and

e) Identification of the boundaries of the property and its buffer zone;

6. Further requests the State Party to make progress with the soil investigations and stabilization of the tomb of Jam Nizamuddin, in the light of comments received from the Advisory Bodies and the World Heritage Centre;

7. Requests furthermore the State Party to submit a report to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2011 on the progress in implementing the recommendations of the 2006 mission, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011.

33 COM 8B.1
Changes to names of properties inscribed on the World Heritage List

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-09/33.COM/8B,

2. Approves the proposed name change to Historical Monuments of Thatta as proposed by the Pakistani authorities. The name of the property becomes Historical Monuments at Makli, Thatta in English and Monuments historiques à Makli, Thatta in French.

Draft Decision: 33 COM 7B.80

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-09/33.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 31 COM 7B.85, adopted at its 31st session (Christchurch, 2007),

3. Notes the ongoing conservation work undertaken by the State Party including the documentation of monuments and tombs, repair work and the installation of interpretive signs and boards;

4. Requests the State Party to provide three printed and electronic copies of the Master Plan, for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;

5. Also requests the State Party to continue progress in the implementation of the following:

a) Overall monitoring programme,

b) Management plan,

c) Condition report for all monuments and tombs,

d) Prioritized emergency intervention plan, and

e) Identification of the boundaries of the property and its buffer zone;

6. Further requests the State Party to make progress with the soil investigations and stabilization of the tomb of Jam Nizamuddin, in the light of comments received from the Advisory Bodies and the World Heritage Centre;

7. Requests furthermore the State Party to submit a report to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2011 on the progress in implementing the recommendations of the 2006 mission, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011.

 

Report year: 2009
Pakistan
Date of Inscription: 1981
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iii)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 33COM (2009)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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