Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks (Brazil) (N 1035bis)
Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 2001
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1035/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1035/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount granted: USD 100,000 - World Heritage Biodiversity Programme for Brazil; USD 30,000 - Rapid Response Facility support for firefighting
Previous monitoring missions
March 2013: IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission; February 2016: IUCN Advisory mission
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
- Legal framework (Insufficient legal framework and protection in place)
- Management systems/ management plan (Lack of submission of a significant boundary modification to reflect the new boundaries of the property)
- Fire (wildfires)
Illustrative material see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1035/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019
On 30 November 2018, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1035/documents, providing the following information:
- In 2017, the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park was expanded from 65,514 to 240,611 ha, and a strict reserve corresponding to IUCN protected areas Category I.a named Chapada de Nova Roma Ecological Station was created. The new reserve covers an area of 6,811 ha within the property and is surrounded by the expanded national park. It has its own approved Management Plan and advisory council;
- The “land regularization” (i.e. land tenure clarification) process continues with several indemnification procedures currently ongoing; about 20,000 ha are still at the stage of data collection at notary offices to identify ownership. Funding of several million dollars is allocated for environmental compensation. Consultations were held with local communities, including on clarification of the new boundaries of the expanded national park;
- Private reserves (RPPN, in Portuguese), a legal category of protected areas in Brazil forming part of the National System of Protected Areas (SNUC), were established within the property in 2017, adding to those established earlier in 2013. Together, these eight RPPN constitute a continuous block of protected areas across the territory of the property;
- In 2017, fires affected the whole Chapada dos Veadeiros region, including the property. Significant resources were mobilized through inter-agency cooperation to combat this threat and the Integrated Fire Management approach implemented in the property is reported to have contributed to maintaining certain areas as refuges for fauna. Natural regeneration of the vegetation following the fires is already being observed in affected areas.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN
The confirmation of the expansion of the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park reported by the State Party at the 42nd session of the Committee in 2018, the creation of the strict reserve of Chapada de Nova Roma Ecological Station and the creation of new private reserves within the property are welcomed. While multiple protected areas can constitute an effective legal protection regime for the property, it is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to ensure that the management of these different conservation units is harmonized and focused on the protection of the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, through the development of an overarching Management Plan or other appropriate mechanisms.
It is further welcomed that significant financial resources have been allocated for the land tenure regularization process for the areas within the property. It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to continue the process and clarify a timeframe for its finalization.
Finally, it is noted that the State Party submitted a proposal for a minor boundary modification of the property, which will be examined by the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session in 2019 under Agenda Item 8B (see Document WHC/19/43.COM/8B.Add).
The information provided by the State Party regarding other conservation issues is noted with appreciation, particularly the updated information regarding the fires that occurred in the property in 2017 and the measures undertaken to combat them, involving strong inter-agency cooperation. It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to ensure that capacities to respond to fires are maintained in the long-term, including through the continued implementation of the Integrated Fire Management approach.
Decision Adopted: 43 COM 7B.22
The World Heritage Committee,
- Having examined Document WHC/19/43.COM/7B,
- Recalling Decision 41 COM 7B.10, adopted at its 41st session (Krakow, 2017),
- Welcomes the official confirmation provided by the State Party regarding the expansion of the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park, as well as the creation of the Chapada de Nova Roma Ecological Station and new private reserves within the property, and requests the State Party to ensure that the management of these conservation units is harmonized and focused on the protection of the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property through development of an overarching Management Plan or other appropriate mechanisms;
- Also welcomes the financial resources allocated for the land regularization process for the property and urges the State Party to continue the process as a matter of priority and to submit a timeframe for its finalization;
- Notes that a proposal for a minor boundary modification of the property has been submitted by the State Party following the expansion of the Chapada dos Veadeiros National Park for examination by the World Heritage Committee;
- Notes with appreciation the information provided by the State Party regarding the recent successful measures aimed at combatting fires in the property in 2017 and also requests the State Party to ensure that the capacity to respond to fires is maintained in the long-term, particularly through the continued implementation of the Integrated Fire Management approach;
- Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 45th session in 2021.
Decision Adopted: 43 COM 8B.42
The World Heritage Committee,
- Having examined Documents WHC/19/43.COM/8B.Add and WHC/19/43.COM/INF.8B2.Add,
- Recalling Decisions 37 COM 7B.29, 39 COM 7B.27, 40 COM 7B.71 and 41 COM 7B.10 adopted at its 37th (Phnom Pen, 2013), 39th (Bonn, 2015), 40th (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016) and 41st (Krakow, 2017) sessions respectively,
- Approves the proposed minor boundary modification for Cerrado Protected Areas: Chapada dos Veadeiros and Emas National Parks, Brazil, however, does not approve the excision of the area at the centre of the Chapada dos Veadeiros component of the property;
- Takes note of the ongoing consideration of the State of Conservation of the property by the Committee, and recommends that the next report on the property include consideration of the effectiveness of the implementation of the protection and management requirements of the property in relation to its revised boundary.