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Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore

Pakistan
Factors affecting the property in 2003*
  • Air pollution
  • Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
  • Financial resources
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Human resources
  • Industrial areas
  • Land conversion
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Demolition of the 375-year old essential hydraulic works of the Shalamar Gardens to enlarge a road
  • Need to develop a comprehensive management plan
  • Lack of human or financial resources
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2003
Requests approved: 5 (from 1981-2000)
Total amount approved : 121,000 USD
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2003

WHC:

At its 24th session in December 2000 the World Heritage Committee decided to inscribe Lahore Fort and Shalamar Gardens on the List of World Heritage in Danger and approved an International Assistance request amounting to US$ 50,000 to: a) elaborate a comprehensive management plan and b) undertake consolidation and conservation measures of the hydraulic works destroyed in 1999 to adequately protect what still remained at the time, subject to the State Party submitting a revised work plan and budget breakdown for the activity. The Government of Pakistan submitted these requested documents on 14 February 2003, and the implementation of the activity will commence in 2003, provided the Advisory Bodies support the revised work plan and budget breakdown.

Using project proposals elaborated in 2001-2002 with World Heritage Centre extrabudgetary funds, the UNESCO Islamabad Office and national authorities organized a donors’ meeting in 2003 to raise funds for conservation interventions at specific structures within the Shalamar Gardens.

A project proposal (Euro 750,000) to apply for EU-Asia-Urbs Programme funding has been prepared and the French city of Nancy has agreed to serve as a partner.

 

Additional Details:

Pollution is considered a particular threat to the property. New infrastructures, motorized traffic, industrial installations and encroachments are threatening the conservation of Shalamar Gardens and the Lahore Fort. 

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2003
27 COM 7A.24
Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (Pakistan)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Expresses appreciation to the State Party for submitting the revised work plan and budget breakdown for the Shalamar Gardens International Assistance request;

2. Requests the Advisory Bodies and the World Heritage Centre to assist the authorities in implementing this International Assistance request;

3. Requests the State Party to examine the heritage values of Shalamar Gardens and Lahore Fort to redefine the core, buffer and support zones of these two properties;

4. Takes note with satisfaction, of the on-going positive co-operation between the Department of Archaeology and other national, provincial and municipal authorities, in order to redress the encroachment issues surrounding the Shalamar Gardens;

5. Takes note with appreciation of the positive actions taken or being planned by the State Party and the World Heritage Centre to rehabilitate the Shalamar Gardens and to elaborate a comprehensive management plan, although regretting the delays in implementing the emergency assistance activity for taking corrective measures to remove the threats to the property;

6. Takes note with appreciation of the positive actions taken by the State Party in co-operation with the Government of Norway and UNESCO Islamabad Office for the rehabilitation of the Lahore Fort, through documentation of the property, repairing the Shish Mahal ceiling, redefining the core and buffer zones and preparing a comprehensive management plan for the conservation of the property;

7. Requests the State Party, in the meantime, to (a) examine the strengths and weaknesses of the existing legal management provisions, and (b) identify areas for harmonizing lacunas or overlaps in jurisdiction of the area immediately surrounding the Shalamar Gardens;

8. Requests the UNESCO Secretariat to continue efforts to mobilize international support to implement the corrective measures;

9. Requests the State Party to submit a progress report by 1 February 2004 to the World Heritage Centre for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 28th session in 2004;

10. Decides to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

27 COM 8B.2
Properties maintained on the List of World Heritage in Danger

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following examination of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-03/27.COM/7A),;

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam, Afghanistan (27 COM 7A.21)
  • Butrint, Albania (27 COM 7A.26 )
  • Tipasa, Algeria (27 COM 7A.17)
  • Royal Palaces of Abomey, Benin (27 COM 7A.15)
  • Angkor, Cambodia (27 COM 7A.22)
  • Manovo-Gounda St. Floris National Park, Central African Republic (27 COM 7A.12 )
  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve, Côte d'Ivoire/Guinea (27 COM 7A.4)
  • Virunga National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2)
  • Garamba National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2)
  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2)
  • Okapi Wildlife Reserve, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2) 
  • Salonga National Park, Democratic Republic of the Congo (27 COM 7A.2)
  • Sangay National Park, Ecuador (27 COM 7A.13)
  • Abu Mena, Egypt (27 COM 7A.18)
  • Simien National Park, Ethiopia (27 COM 7A.3)
  • Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve, Honduras (27 COM 7A.14)
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary, India (27 COM 7A.9)
  • Group of Monuments at Hampi, India (27 COM 7A.23)
  • Old City of Jerusalem & its Walls (27COM7A.29)
  • Timbuktu, Mali (27 COM 7A.16)
  • Air & Ténéré Natural Reserves, Niger (27 COM 7A.5)
  • Bahla Fort, Oman (27 COM 7A.19)
  • Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore, Pakistan (27 COM 7A.242)
  • Chan Chan Archaeological Zone, Peru (27 COM 7A.28)
  • Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras, Philippines (27 COM 7A.25)
  • Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary, Senegal (27 COM 7A.6)
  • Ichkeul National Park, Tunisia (27 COM 7A.8)
  • Rwenzori Mountains National Park, Uganda (27 COM 7A.7) 
  • Everglades National Park, United States of America (27 COM 7A.11)
  • Historic Town of Zabid, Yemen (27 COM 7A.20)

Draft 27 COM 7 (a) 24

 

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Expresses appreciation to the State Party for submitting the revised work plan and budget breakdown for the Shalamar Gardens International Assistance request;

2. Requests the Advisory Bodies and the World Heritage Centre to assist the authorities in implementing this International Assistance request;

3. Requests the State Party to examine the heritage values of Shalamar Gardens and Lahore Fort to redefine the core, buffer and support zones of these two sites;

4.Requests the State Party, in the meantime, to a) examine the strengths and weaknesses of the existing legal management provisions, and b) identify areas for harmonizing lacunas or overlaps in jurisdiction of the area immediately surrounding the Shalamar Gardens;

5. Requests UNESCO to continue efforts to mobilize international support to implement the corrective measures;

6. Requests the State Party to submit a progress report by 1 April 2004 for examination by the Committee at its 28th session in 2004;

7. Decides to retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Report year: 2003
Pakistan
Date of Inscription: 1981
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)
Danger List (dates): 2000-2012
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 27COM (2003)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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