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Brasilia

Brazil
Factors affecting the property in 2001*
  • Housing
  • Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
  • Legal framework
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

Considerable population growth

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2001
Requests approved: 2 (from 1997-2000)
Total amount approved : 42,000 USD
Missions to the property until 2001**

November 2001: joint UNESCO / ICOMOS monitoring mission

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 2001

Previous deliberations:
Twenty-fourth session of the Committee (paragraph VIII.35; Annex X, page 126)

Main Issues: Development pressures and lack of clarity in decision-making and legislative structures.

New information: The State Party submitted a substantial report on the state of conservation of the site, emphasising, in answer to the raised issue of population pressure in the modern city, that the resident population of the Plano Piloto area has remained stable for the last 10 years. The increase of population in the surrounding areas, the so called “satellite towns”, however, has generated significant pressures upon the service infrastructure and the vehicular traffic in the protected areas, a situation aggravated by the lack of an efficient public transportation system.

The report states the importance of well-defined competences and attributions of the different public bodies involved in the administration and preservation of the city. The conflicts of jurisdiction have caused the Institute for National Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN) to be bypassed in some of the decision-making processes. To avoid this situation IPHAN has recently created a special Executive Body to monitor the process of preservation on the Plano Piloto.

Furthermore the State Party names several measures which are proposed and/or in different stages of implementation to mitigate current problems:

  • implementation of awareness raising measures,
  • establishment of an inventory for the Plano Piloto,
  • organisational reinforcement of bodies involved in heritage preservation,
  • elaboration and implementation of IPHAN’s Preservation Plan, which is expected to be operational before the end of the year,
  • elaboration and implementation of a Master Plan for Plano Piloto by the local government, consolidating all existing legislation and urban norms.
  • effective coordination among agencies involved in the preservation of the Plano Piloto, eventually to be achieved through the elaboration of an integrated preservation system, perhaps under a specific management agency with enforcement powers.
Action Required
The Bureau congratulates the State Party on its clear vision of the problems facing the site, as well as on the far reaching actions taken or being planned to mitigate them. The Bureau requests ICOMOS to study the report in the context of the ICOMOS/UNESCO monitoring mission which the twenty-fourth session of the extraordinary Bureau requested to be undertaken. The results of the mission should be reported to the twenty-fifth extraordinary session of the Bureau.
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2001

The Bureau at its twenty-fifth session requested ICOMOS to study the substantial report on the state of conservation of the site submitted by the State Party in the context of the ICOMOS/UNESCO monitoring mission, which will be fielded in November 2001. The results of the mission will be reported to the twenty-fifth extraordinary session of the Bureau.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2001
25 BUR V.244-245
Brasilia (Brazil)

V.244     The World Heritage Centre informed the Bureau that the State Party had submitted a substantive report answering the concerns regarding perceived demographic pressures and their impact on the World Heritage values.

V.245     The Bureau congratulated the State Party on its clear vision of the problems facing the site, as well as on the far-reaching actions taken or being planned to mitigate them. The Bureau requested ICOMOS to study the report in the context of the ICOMOS/UNESCO monitoring mission, which the twenty-fourth session of the extraordinary Bureau requested to be undertaken. The results of the mission should be reported to the twenty-fifth extraordinary session of the Bureau.

The Bureau may wish to examine information that will be provided at the time of its session and take the appropriate decision thereupon.

Report year: 2001
Brazil
Date of Inscription: 1987
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(iv)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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