1.         Brasilia (Brazil) (C 445)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1987

Criteria  (i)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/445/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1997-2000)
Total amount approved: USD 42,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/445/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

November 2001: joint UNESCO / ICOMOS monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Considerable population growth

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/445/

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 2001

Previous deliberations:
Twenty-fourth session of the Committee (paragraph VIII.35; Annex X, page 126)

Main Issues: Development pressures and lack of clarity in decision-making and legislative structures.

New information: The State Party submitted a substantial report on the state of conservation of the site, emphasising, in answer to the raised issue of population pressure in the modern city, that the resident population of the Plano Piloto area has remained stable for the last 10 years. The increase of population in the surrounding areas, the so called “satellite towns”, however, has generated significant pressures upon the service infrastructure and the vehicular traffic in the protected areas, a situation aggravated by the lack of an efficient public transportation system.

The report states the importance of well-defined competences and attributions of the different public bodies involved in the administration and preservation of the city. The conflicts of jurisdiction have caused the Institute for National Historical and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN) to be bypassed in some of the decision-making processes. To avoid this situation IPHAN has recently created a special Executive Body to monitor the process of preservation on the Plano Piloto.

Furthermore the State Party names several measures which are proposed and/or in different stages of implementation to mitigate current problems:

Action Required

The Bureau congratulates the State Party on its clear vision of the problems facing the site, as well as on the far reaching actions taken or being planned to mitigate them. The Bureau requests ICOMOS to study the report in the context of the ICOMOS/UNESCO monitoring mission which the twenty-fourth session of the extraordinary Bureau requested to be undertaken. The results of the mission should be reported to the twenty-fifth extraordinary session of the Bureau.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2001

The Bureau at its twenty-fifth session requested ICOMOS to study the substantial report on the state of conservation of the site submitted by the State Party in the context of the ICOMOS/UNESCO monitoring mission, which will be fielded in November 2001. The results of the mission will be reported to the twenty-fifth extraordinary session of the Bureau.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

N/A

Decision Adopted: 25 BUR V.244-245

V.244     The World Heritage Centre informed the Bureau that the State Party had submitted a substantive report answering the concerns regarding perceived demographic pressures and their impact on the World Heritage values.

V.245     The Bureau congratulated the State Party on its clear vision of the problems facing the site, as well as on the far-reaching actions taken or being planned to mitigate them. The Bureau requested ICOMOS to study the report in the context of the ICOMOS/UNESCO monitoring mission, which the twenty-fourth session of the extraordinary Bureau requested to be undertaken. The results of the mission should be reported to the twenty-fifth extraordinary session of the Bureau.