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Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs

Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs

The fortified medieval town of Provins is situated in the former territory of the powerful Counts of Champagne. It bears witness to early developments in the organization of international trading fairs and the wool industry. The urban structure of Provins, which was built specifically to host the fairs and related activities, has been well preserved.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Provins, ville de foire médiévale

La ville médiévale fortifiée de Provins se situe au cœur de l'ancienne région des puissants comtes de Champagne. Elle témoigne des premiers développements des foires commerciales internationales et de l'industrie de la laine. Provins a su préserver sa structure urbaine, conçue spécialement pour accueillir des foires et des activités connexes.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

بروفانس، مدينة المعارض العائدة للقرون الوسطى

تقع مدينة بروفانس المحصّنة والعائدة للقرون الوسطى في قلب المنطقة القديمة التابعة لكونت دي شمبانيي النافذين. وقد شهدت التطورات الأولى للمعارض التجارية العالمية ولصناعة الصوف. تمكّنت مدينة بروفانس من المحافظة على تركيبتها الحضرية التي صُمّمت بصورة خاصة لاستضافة المعارض والنشاطات ذات الصلة.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

普罗万城

普罗万(Provins)这个中世纪防御古城, 位于原先颇有影响的香槟酒会地区,见证了国际贸易组织和羊毛工业的早期发展。普罗万的城市结构保存完好,其设计之初的目的就是用于主办展览会及相关活动。

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Провен, город средневековых ярмарок

Укрепленный средневековый город Провен расположен на территории, принадлежавшей ранее могущественным графам Шампани. Он был свидетелем ранних этапов развития международной ярмарочной торговли и промышленного производства шерстяных тканей. Хорошо сохранилась структура города, строившегося специально для проведения ярмарок и связанного с этим видов деятельности.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Provins, ciudad de ferias medieval

Situada en el centro de los antiguos dominios de los poderosos condes de Champaña, la ciudad medieval fortificada de Provins constituye un testimonio de la primera etapa de auge de las ferias comerciales internacionales y la industria de la lana. Provins ha logrado preservar su estructura urbana, concebida especialmente para dar acogida a las ferias y sus actividades conexas.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

中世市場都市プロヴァン
強大な勢力を誇ったシャンパーニュ伯のかつての領地内にある要塞都市。11世紀頃からプロヴァンスは、地理的な条件から北欧と地中海世界を結ぶ年一度の交易が始まった。そのためプロヴァンスは、国際的な交易や羊毛産業が組織化され始めた初期の発展の様相を残している。また、都市構造としても、交易や羊毛産業に関連する特別な建築物が多く建てられ、中世の交易都市の特色を今に伝えている。

source: NFUAJ

Provins, stad van middeleeuwse jaarmarkten

De versterkte middeleeuwse stad Provins ligt op het voormalig grondgebied van de machtige graven van Champagne. De stadsstructuur van Provins, die speciaal werd gebouwd om markten, beurzen en aanverwante activiteiten onderdak te bieden, is goed intact gebleven. De stad getuigt van vroege ontwikkelingen in de organisatie van internationale handelsbeurzen en de wolindustrie. Een kenmerk van alle oude gebouwen in de handelsstad is het systeem van kelders met een booggewelf, dat dateert van tussen de 12e en de 14e eeuw. Ze hebben allemaal een stenen trap naar de deuropening aan de straat. In de bovenstad liggen ze helemaal onder de grond, in de benedenstad boven de grond.

Source: unesco.nl

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Provins, Town of Medieval Fairs (France) © Editions Gelbart
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

Located in Île-de-France in the Seine-et-Marne department, the historic walled city of Provins is an outstanding and authentic example of a medieval fair town in Champagne, a region that was an important centre of exchange, and which witnessed, together with the rise of trading fairs in the 11th century, the beginning of significant international trade in Europe.

Of international scope, these trade fairs which targeted merchants and traders required the protection of long-distance freight transport between Europe and the East, encouraging the development of activities such as banking and foreign exchange, as well as productive activities (tanning, dyeing, cloth trade). The urban layout and the medieval dwellings that remain in Provins are an outstanding example of an architectural ensemble built specially to fulfill these functions. This complex includes merchant houses, vaulted cellars and warehouses, outdoor spaces for trade, and religious ensembles. The city is also known for its well-preserved defense system, which was built for the protection of the fairs.

Criterion (ii): At the beginning of the 2nd millennium, Provins was one of several towns in the territory of the Counts of Champagne that became the venues for great annual trading fairs linking northern Europe with the Mediterranean world.

Criterion (iv): Provins preserves to a high degree the architecture and urban layout that characterize these great medieval fair towns.

Integrity

Although Provins suffered some destruction during the Hundred Years War in the 14th and 15th centuries, as well as during the French Revolution, it was quite minimal. The urban plan of the medieval town is well preserved, as are a large part of the historic buildings, canals and the water management system. Some 150 historic houses have preserved their medieval vaulted cellars, intended for the storage of goods. Despite minor changes since the 17th century, the city has preserved its integrity and that of the places associated with the various functions of the fairs. The relationship of the upper town with the plains of Plateau Briard is also intact. The new buildings in the lower town respect the volumes of the ensemble and integrate nicely with the historic buildings.

Authenticity

Due to its economic decline, but also to the persistence of its urban functions, the medieval fairs town of Provins remains relatively intact to this day. Open spaces, cellars, public and religious buildings and fortifications have preserved the medieval character of the fairgrounds.

Protection and management requirements

The city of Provins is subject to a set of protection measures taken under the Heritage Code and the Environmental Code, which ensure effective protection of the property. In addition to the protection of many buildings under the Historic Monuments Act and the protection of sites outside the ramparts for listed sites, it is part of a remarkable heritage site in which development is strictly controlled.

The components of the property belong to regional and communal authorities, individuals and institutions. The Ministry of Culture is responsible for the good implementation of the various types of legal protection. The private owners are responsible for the maintenance of the protected properties, all works being placed under the supervision of an architect of the Bâtiments de France.

In association with other institutional partners, the city is also implementing a series of programmes focusing on the monuments or particular themes, such as cultural tourism, commercial signage control and the regulation of vehicle access.

The buffer zone, which includes part of the plain of Brie, completes this protection by adding a rural element. The outstanding heritage site by-law that applies to this area is designed to prevent deforestation and prohibits all types of construction, with the exception of certain public interest facilities that are contained in a concise list, together with their precise location. Any modification of the premises is subject to the authorization of the architect of the Bâtiments de France. The rest of the buffer zone is managed by the urban planning document which allows, on the one hand, to identify the heritage elements to be preserved and, on the other hand, to regulate this zone according to the identified issues. The management plan for the property is under preparation.