State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlgeria Bahrain Egypt Iraq Jordan Lebanon Libya Mauritania Morocco Oman Palestine Sudan Syrian Arab Republic Tunisia Yemen
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (277) Housing (167) Management activities (115) Illegal activities (66) Water (rain/water table) (64) Deliberate destruction of heritage (58) Ground transport infrastructure (57) Land conversion (52) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (52) Legal framework (49) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (48) Human resources (46) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (39) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (36) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (36) Water infrastructure (32) Flooding (32) Solid waste (30) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (29) War (27) Financial resources (24) Commercial development (22) Governance (21) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (18) Air pollution (17) Oil and gas (17) Interpretative and visitation facilities (16) Marine transport infrastructure (15) Relative humidity (13) High impact research / monitoring activities (13) Subsistence hunting (12) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (11) Localised utilities (9) Crop production (9) Major linear utilities (7) Wind (7) Desertification (7) Underground transport infrastructure (6) Surface water pollution (6) Temperature (5) Society's valuing of heritage (5) Earthquake (5) Quarrying (3) Civil unrest (3) Renewable energy facilities (2) Ground water pollution (2) Mining (2) Other climate change impacts (2) Storms (2) Invasive / alien marine species (2) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (2) Input of excess energy (1) Water (extraction) (1) Micro-organisms (1) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses (1) Military training (1) Temperature change (1) Avalanche/ landslide (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).