State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Australia Austria Bangladesh Belarus Belize Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Czech Republic Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kenya Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malaysia Mali Mauritius Mexico Morocco Nepal Netherlands Niger Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Syrian Arab Republic Thailand Tunisia Turkey Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(108) Housing(64) Illegal activities(42) Ground transport infrastructure(28) Management activities(25) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(23) Land conversion(23) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(21) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(19) Legal framework(19) Financial resources(18) Mining(17) Human resources(16) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(14) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(13) Civil unrest(13) Deliberate destruction of heritage(13) Water infrastructure(11) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(10) Oil and gas(9) Water (rain/water table)(9) Interpretative and visitation facilities(8) Marine transport infrastructure(7) Surface water pollution(6) Crop production(6) Governance(6) Solid waste(5) War(5) Storms(5) Earthquake(5) Underground transport infrastructure(4) Pollution of marine waters(4) Flooding(4) Fire (widlfires)(4) Commercial development(3) Industrial areas(3) Major linear utilities(3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(3) Relative humidity(3) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system(3) Society's valuing of heritage(3) Invasive / alien freshwater species(3) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(3) High impact research / monitoring activities(3) Air transport infrastructure(2) Localised utilities(2) Water (extraction) (2) Wind(2) Changes to oceanic waters(2) Drought(2) Translocated species(2) Renewable energy facilities(1) Ground water pollution(1) Input of excess energy(1) Commercial hunting(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Quarrying(1) Micro-organisms(1) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting(1) Other climate change impacts(1) Temperature change(1) Avalanche/ landslide(1) Volcanic eruption(1) Hyper-abundant species(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).