English Français
Help preserve sites now!

Great Gobi Desert

Date of Submission: 01/08/1996
Category: Natural
Submitted by:
Ministry of Enlightenment
Coordinates: Lat. 43° to 45° N ; Long. 94° to 98° E
Ref.: 940
Export
Word File
Disclaimer

The Secretariat of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the World Heritage Centre do not represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement or other information or documentation provided by the States Parties to the World Heritage Convention to the Secretariat of UNESCO or to the World Heritage Centre.

The publication of any such advice, opinion, statement or other information documentation on the World Heritage Centre’s website and/or on working documents also does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of UNESCO or of the World Heritage Centre concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its boundaries.

Property names are listed in the language in which they have been submitted by the State Party

Description

This nomination is for the Great Gobi Strict Protected Area, protecting the Mongolian portion of a largely undisturbed part of the vast Gobi desert, and provides a last refuge for representatives of the ancient terrestrial fauna of Central Asia. The Protected area is devided into two ecologically distinct parts, Southern Altai ('Gobi A") and the Dzungarian Gobi ("Gobi B"), separated by 300 km. Scientists have identified 410 species of plants, 49 species of mammals, 15 reptiles and amphibians and over 150 bird species. Though the Southern Altai Gobi's vast plains and valleys and rugged. arid mountam ranges appear almost lifeless from a distance, the area provides a last haven for some of the rarest and most endangered species of wildlife round on earth. Perhaps 30 Gobi bears (Ursus arctos), the world's only desert-living bear, as well as Mongolia's last wild Bactrian camels (Camelus Bactrianus) inhabit the protected area. The Dzungarian was the last refuge for the world's only remaining truly wild horse, the Takhi, or Prezewalski's horse (Equus przewalskii), and is one of two sites where international organizations are assisting with reintroduction of the species from zoos and horses reserves in Europe and Russia.