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Hegmataneh

Date of Submission: 05/02/2008
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)(iv)
Category: Cultural
Submitted by:
Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization
State, Province or Region:
Province of Hamadan
Ref.: 5272
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Description

Hegmataneh is universally well known because Median Dynasty was established over there. After Medes, this city was the capital of Achaemenids as well. In the following periods- Selukis, Parthians, Sassanids and Islamic dynasties- was also very famous.

Justification of Outstanding Universal Value

I. Hegmataneh is located in suburban area of Hamedan. It contains 50 acres of the city of Hamadan. This valuable historical collection is of great archeological value and apart of it is not excavated. The area has historical remains dating back to Medes, Achamenids, Parthian, Sasanids and also Islamic dynasties like Aleh Bouyeh (Bouyehs Family) most of them belong to Parthian era. The area enjoys a great variety of Parthian modern architectural systems of urban areas that are masterpieces of their time and reveal their creators special talent.

II. The excavatedparts of Hegmataneh reveal architectural and urban situation of the area as well as its connection with other communities and its trade's status. The remains of the city show the existence of a modern society. It also brings into view how the mankind could co- exist with nature over the time.

III. Hegmataneh Ensemble consists of a unique collection of historical ruins and a valuable archeological site. A complex collection of congested urban constructions including towers (citadel of the old city) unique urban architecture like a chess board (Hypodamin) developed system of water pipelines and roads and the pavements as well as a great number of houses rather than single deserted buildings. There exist remains belong to six different historical periods and a peculiar ensemble belongs to the Christians of Iran. Due to its historical and cultural great importance, it is well protected. These all signrfi that civilization was exceptional and of great glamour at this zenith.

IV. Hegmataneh, the archeological masterpiece of the Parthians was considered as the greatest archeological achievements of the era. Its peculiarity lies in its construction techniques. Constructing these buildings sun-dried bricks (measure: 45m *45m *l 3m and 33m*33m *13m) as well as baked ones (measure: 37m *37m *7m) were used. Utilizing a modern architectural plan, these bricks were made in workshops located in all northern, southern, western and eastern side of the city. Each quadrangular building measure (I 7.5m *l 7.5m *2m) and has got a porch and a hall in the middle and 3 rooms on the both sides. These building were constructed in two parallel rows in the back of each other. Between each two rows, paths of 3.5m of width were designed in northeastern and south western side of the building.

Statements of authenticity and/or integrity

The existing relics; the relevant documents, records; studies and excavations.

Comparison with other similar properties

There exists no comparable instance.