English Français

The Network of Rural Heritage Buildings in Hungary

Date of Submission: 28/12/2000
Criteria: (ii)(iii)(vi)
Category: Cultural
Submitted by:
Hungarian Ministry of Cultural Heritage, Secretariat of the Hungarian Committee of the World Heritag
Coordinates: N48 35 08 S45 44 15 W16 06 57 E22 53 54
Ref.: 1499
Word File

The Secretariat of the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the World Heritage Centre do not represent or endorse the accuracy or reliability of any advice, opinion, statement or other information or documentation provided by the States Parties to the World Heritage Convention to the Secretariat of UNESCO or to the World Heritage Centre.

The publication of any such advice, opinion, statement or other information documentation on the World Heritage Centre’s website and/or on working documents also does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of UNESCO or of the World Heritage Centre concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its boundaries.

Property names are listed in the language in which they have been submitted by the State Party


About 20% of the Hungarian monuments are protected folk monuments, a small slice of them are the Rural Heritage Buildings, those protected folk architectural relics (living-houses, farm-buildings, buildings of handcraftsmanship) which function as museums or with other communal purposes.

The Rural Heritage Buildings represent the architectural culture of a regional or ethnic group from the end of the 18th century to the middle of the 20th century. They demonstrate the traditional folk architecture, agriculture, homes, objects and clothes of a village, region or ethnic group. The Rural Heritage Buildings, through study circles for preserving the tradition and communal programs held in them present and keep alive the local customs, folk art and folk-poetry, preserving the complexity of folk culture. They help a village, region or ethnic group to become a real community, to develop a stronger identity and to stay alive this way.

The Hungarian network of Rural Heritage Buildings introduce the folk culture of every regional and ethnographical group in this area. It is unique in Europe that the monuments representing the folk culture of every region, micro-region and ethnic group are equally preserved and presented with scientific thoroughness, on the basis of common principles. This is of particular significance because since the foundation of the state of Hungary it has been a country of several nationalities and a strongly broken up area from landscapes point of view.