State of Conservation
States PartiesAfghanistan Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Cuba Czechia Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Greece Guinea Haiti Honduras India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Jordan Kenya Lebanon Libya Lithuania Madagascar Malaysia Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Morocco Mozambique Nepal Niger Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Senegal Serbia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Syrian Arab Republic Thailand Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan (95) Housing (55) Illegal activities (34) Ground transport infrastructure (23) Land conversion (20) Management activities (20) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (19) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (18) Mining (18) Legal framework (18) Financial resources (15) Water infrastructure (14) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (14) Deliberate destruction of heritage (14) Civil unrest (13) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (11) Human resources (9) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (8) Solid waste (8) Marine transport infrastructure (7) Water (rain/water table) (7) Governance (7) Surface water pollution (6) Oil and gas (6) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (6) War (5) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (5) Interpretative and visitation facilities (4) Air pollution (4) Forestry /wood production (4) Water (extraction) (4) Flooding (4) Earthquake (4) Fire (widlfires) (4) Renewable energy facilities (3) Commercial hunting (3) Crop production (3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (3) Wind (3) High impact research / monitoring activities (3) Underground transport infrastructure (2) Input of excess energy (2) Relative humidity (2) Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system (2) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (2) Society's valuing of heritage (2) Drought (2) Storms (2) Temperature change (2) Invasive / alien marine species (2) Commercial development (1) Industrial areas (1) Major linear utilities (1) Ground water pollution (1) Pollution of marine waters (1) Quarrying (1) Micro-organisms (1) Other climate change impacts (1) Avalanche/ landslide (1) Invasive / alien freshwater species (1) Translocated species (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).