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Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc

Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc

This memorial column, erected in the early years of the 18th century, is the most outstanding example of a type of monument specific to central Europe. In the characteristic regional style known as Olomouc Baroque and rising to a height of 35 m, it is decorated with many fine religious sculptures, the work of the distinguished Moravian artist Ondrej Zahner.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Colonne de la Sainte Trinité à Olomouc

Cette colonne commémorative, érigée dans les premières années du XVIIIe siècle, est l'exemple le plus remarquable d'un type de monument spécifique à l'Europe centrale. Réalisée dans le style régional caractéristique connu sous le nom de « baroque Olomouc » et haute de 35 m, elle est ornée de plusieurs superbes sculptures religieuses, œuvres du grand artiste morave Ondrej Zahner.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

عمود الثالوث الأقدس في أولوموتس

يعد هذا العمود التذكاري الذي رفع في الأعوام الأولى من القرن الثامن عشر النموذج الأكثر فرادة لنمط بنياني خاص بأوروبا الوسطى. وقد تم صنع العمود الذي يرتفع الى 35 متراً حسب الطراز المحلي المعروف باسم "باروك أولوموتس"، تزيّنه منحوتات دينية رائعة أبدعها الفنان المورافي الكبير أوندريه زاهنر.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

奥洛穆茨三位一体圣柱

圣柱建于18世纪早期,是中欧地区同类建筑最杰出的典范。圣柱属于一种独特的地区建筑风格——奥洛穆茨巴洛克风格(Olomouc Baroque),高35米,柱身以出自摩拉维亚的艺术家昂德黑扎内(Ondrej Zahner)之手的许多精美的宗教雕刻装饰。

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Колонна Св. Троицы в городе Оломоуц

Эта воздвигнутая в начале XVIII в. мемориальная колонна – наиболее выдающийся пример памятников, типичных для Центральной Европы. Построенная в характерном местном стиле, известном как «оломоуцкое барокко», колонна достигает в высоту 35 м. Она украшена множеством прекрасных религиозных скульптур работы выдающегося моравского художника Ондржея Загнера.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Columna de la Santísima Trinidad en Olomouc

Erigida en los primeros años del siglo XVIII, esta columna conmemorativa es el ejemplo más destacado de este tipo de monumentos característicos de Europa Central. Construido en el estilo regional denominado “barroco de Olomouc”, el monumento tiene 35 metros de altura y está ornamentado con soberbias esculturas religiosas del célebre artista moravo Ondrej Zahner.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

オロモウツの聖三位一体柱
18世紀初頭に立てられたこの記念塔は、中央ヨーロッパにおける典型的な記念碑の顕著な例証である。オロモウツバロックとして知られる独得な地域様式と35mにおよぶ高さが特徴で、有名なモロビア人芸術家オンドジェイ・ツァーネルの作品による多くのすぐれた宗教彫刻で飾られている。

source: NFUAJ

Zuil van de Heilige drie-eenheid in Olomouc

De Zuil van de Heilige drie-eenheid werd gebouwd in de vroege jaren van de 18e eeuw. De zuil is ontworpen in de karakteristieke stijl van deze streek, die bekendstaat als Olomouc Barok. Het monument loopt op tot een hoogte van 35 meter en is versierd met veel mooie religieuze sculpturen; het werk van de vooraanstaande Moravische kunstenaar Ondrej Zahner. Zuilen zoals die in Olomouc vormden het hoogtepunt van de Centraal-Europese barok. Het zijn opvallende materiële getuigenissen van het religieus geloof in dit gebied, waarbij de zuil in Olomouc de meest opvallende uiting vertegenwoordigt.

Source: unesco.nl

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Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

The Holy Trinity Column is at the heart of the historic centre of the town of Olomouc, located in Central Moravia, Czech Republic. This memorial column is the most outstanding example of the Moravian Baroque style that developed in the 18th century in Central Europe. It has a high symbolic value as it represents the religious devotion and the sense of pride of the inhabitants of this city, to which it owes its existence. The Holy Trinity Column is, moreover, an exceptional example of this type of commemorative column, characteristic of Central Europe in the Baroque period. In terms of design, it is, no doubt, the most original work of its creator, Václav Render, whose amazing initiative, accompanied by generous financial support, made the erection of this monument possible.

The main motif of this work consists in the celebration of the church and of the faith that is linked, in quite a unique way, with the reality of a work of monumental art, combining architectural and town-planning solutions with elaborate sculptural decoration. The monument is built in the characteristic regional style known as the Olomouc Baroque, and it rises to a height 32.2 m above a ground plan with a round shape and a diameter of 17 m. The column is decorated with a number of high-quality sculptures representing religious themes, the work of the distinguished Moravian artist Ondřej Zahner (Andreas Zahner) and other Moravian artists (goldsmith Šimon Forstner among others). The Olomouc Holy Trinity Column is without equal in any other town, by virtue of its monumental dimensions, the extraordinary richness of its sculptural decoration, and the overall artistic execution. By the incorporation of a chapel in the body of the column and by the combination of the materials used, the Holy Trinity Column is quite exceptional.

Criterion (i): The Olomouc Holy Trinity Column is one of the most exceptional examples of the apogee of Central European Baroque artistic expression.

Criterion (iv): The Holy Trinity Column constitutes a unique material demonstration of religious faith in Central Europe during the Baroque period, and the Olomouc example represents its most outstanding expression.

Integrity

All the key elements that convey the Outstanding Universal Value of the property are situated within its boundaries, which correspond with the monument itself. The visual integrity of the property is not threatened since its buffer zone is identical with the urban heritage reservation, which enjoys special protection as a protected conservation area. Its town-planning structure is stable and no change that could threaten the integrity of the World Heritage property is planned.

Authenticity

The Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc is of high authenticity. Its present form and appearance closely reflect the original design and, since then, the column has not undergone any alterations. Since its completion, the awareness of the Column’s uniqueness has traditionally commanded the respect of the city authorities, its inhabitants as well as visitors.

Regular restoration and conservation works of the monument have been carried out for over two centuries, but were mainly limited to minor repairs and gilding. The preservation of authenticity has always been a major criterion for all these interventions. In the past, just one statue has been replaced by its exact replica in stone, that of a torch-bearer situated in the lower part of the column, which was damaged in the fighting at the end of World War II. Between 1999 and 2001, comprehensive restoration works have been carried out under close supervision of authorities responsible of state heritage preservation. To compensate for any loss of authenticity due to natural deterioration of the substrate of the monument, preventive conservation measures are taken.

Protection and management requirements

The Holy Trinity Column in Olomouc is subject to protection under Act No. 20/1987 Coll. on State Heritage Preservation as amended. According to this law, it is designated a national cultural heritage site and therefore it enjoys the highest degree of legal protection that is available under Czech law. The historic centre of the town, designated as an urban heritage reservation itself, is identical with the buffer zone of the property.

Financial instruments for the maintenance and conservation of the property mainly include grant schemes, funding through the programme of the Ministry of Culture of the Czech Republic allocated to the maintenance and conservation of the immovable cultural heritage, as well as financial resources allocated from other public budgets.

The City of Olomouc is the owner and manager of the Holy Trinity Column, and it provides for the maintenance and protection of the property. The property has a management plan which is scheduled for regular updates. There also exists a Land Use Plan of the City of Olomouc and a detailed zoning plan of the urban heritage reservation. These documents include special provisions to preserve and improve the historic townscape, with an emphasis on the importance of preserving open spaces around the monument.

Since inscription of the property on the World Heritage List, annual monitoring reports have been prepared at the national level to serve the World Heritage property manager, the Ministry of Culture, the National Heritage Institute and other agencies involved.