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Old Rauma

Old Rauma

Situated on the Gulf of Botnia, Rauma is one of the oldest harbours in Finland. Built around a Franciscan monastery, where the mid-15th-century Holy Cross Church still stands, it is an outstanding example of an old Nordic city constructed in wood. Although ravaged by fire in the late 17th century, it has preserved its ancient vernacular architectural heritage.

Ancienne Rauma

Située sur le golfe de Botnie, la ville de Rauma est l'un des plus anciens ports de Finlande. Elle est construite autour d'un monastère franciscain dont il reste l'église Sainte-Croix, qui date du milieu du XVe siècle. C'est un exemple exceptionnel de vieille ville nordique construite en bois. Bien que ravagée par le feu à la fin du XVIIe siècle, elle a protégé son patrimoine architectural ancien de style local.

مدينة راوما القديمة

إنّ مدينة راوما الواقعة على خليج بوتنيا هي إحدى أقدم المرافئ في فنلندا، وهي مشيّدة حول دير فرنسيسكاني بقيت من آثاره كنيسة الصليب المقدس التي تعود إلى منتصف القرن الخامس عشر. وتشكّل هذه المدينة نموذجاً قلّ نظيره لمدينة شمالية صغيرة مبنيّة من الخشب. ومع أنّ ألسنة النار قد التهبت هذه المدينة في أواخر القرن السابع عشر، إلا أنها حافظت على تراثها الهندسيّ ذي الطراز المحلّي.

source: UNESCO/ERI

劳马古城

劳马位于波特尼亚海湾(Gulf of Botnia),是芬兰最古老的港口之一。古城绕圣芳济会修道院而建,15世纪中期的圣十字教堂仍巍然屹立,这里是典型的木结构的北欧城市。尽管在17世纪晚期遭到火灾破坏,但古代民间建筑的风貌犹存。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Старая часть города Раума

Расположенная на берегу Ботнического залива Раума – это одна из старейших гаваней в Финляндии. Сформировавшаяся вокруг францисканского монастыря, где до сих пор стоит церковь Святого Креста середины XV в., она является выдающимся примером старинного северного города, построенного из дерева. Раума пострадала от пожара в конце XVII в., но, тем не менее, сохранила свое древнее архитектурное наследие.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Antigua Rauma

Situada en el golfo de Botnia, la ciudad de Rauma es uno de los puertos más antiguos de Finlandia. Fue construida en torno a un monasterio franciscano del que aún se conserva la iglesia de la Santa Cruz, construida a mediados del siglo XV. Es un ejemplo excepcional de ciudad nórdica construida en madera. Aunque fue pasto de las llamas a finales del siglo XVII, Rauma ha sabido preservar su antiguo patrimonio arquitectónico de estilo autóctono.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ラウマ旧市街

source: NFUAJ

Oud Rauma

Rauma ligt aan de Botnische Golf en is een van de oudste havens van Finland. Het is gebouwd rond een Franciscaans klooster, waar de 15e-eeuwse Kerk van het Heilige Kruis nog staat. Het is een goed voorbeeld van een oude Scandinavische stad die gebouwd is van hout. De stad is verwoest door een brand in de late 17e eeuw, maar werd herbouwd. Ondanks enkele wijzigingen die werden aangebracht in de 19e eeuw, heeft Rauma zijn oude uiterlijk behouden. De stad beslaat een oppervlakte van 28 hectare en heeft 600 gebouwen, waarvan de meeste particulier bezit zijn.

Source: unesco.nl

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Old Rauma © OUR PLACE
Long Description

Rauma is an outstanding example of the traditional wooden architecture and urbanism in this part of Europe, and one of the most beautiful and extensive of all those that have survived to the present day.

The city, located on the Gulf of Bothnia, is one of the oldest harbours in Finland, mentioned first in 1441. It is built around a Franciscan monastery where the mid-15th-century Holy Cross Church still stands. This is the former monastery church of a Franciscan friary, which was built in the mid-14th century. There are medieval wall and vault paintings in the choir of the two-aisle stone church. The church nowadays serves as the town and rural parish church of Rauma.

The city, which was constructed in wood, was ravaged by fire in the late 17th century and a new city was built. Despite some changes made in the 19th century, Rauma has preserved its ancient appearance as the modern city has grown up outside the original core.

Apart from the old Franciscan church and the ruins of the 15th-century Holy Trinity church, the only monument in the old city is the City Hall, built in the 18th century. However, the old city of Rauma's great wealth is its vernacular architectural heritage (houses, workshops and shops). The majority of the buildings in the old city have been sensitively restored as part of a comprehensive development plan.

Old Rauma is the largest unified historical wooden town in the Nordic countries. It covers an area of 28 ha and contains 600 buildings, most of which are privately owned. The lively business area is concentrated around the market square. In addition to dwelling houses there are different kinds of outbuildings, old animal sheds and granaries. The plots are bordered by gates and fences (plank walls).

The appearance of the buildings has formed gradually during several phases of building and renovation, over the past centuries. Characteristics from the 1700s still remain in some buildings, whereas others have the appearance of the 1820s and 1830s. The majority of the buildings, however, received their current neo-Renaissance exterior during the active period of renovation in the 1890s.

Kirsti is a typical two-room Old Rauma house from the 18th century furnished as a seaman's home from the turn of the last century.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC