jump to the content

Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

Buddhist Ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and Neighbouring City Remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol

The Buddhist monastic complex of Takht-i-Bahi (Throne of Origins) was founded in the early 1st century. Owing to its location on the crest of a high hill, it escaped successive invasions and is still exceptionally well preserved. Nearby are the ruins of Sahr-i-Bahlol, a small fortified city dating from the same period.

Ruines bouddhiques de Takht-i-Bahi et vestiges de Sahr-i-Bahlol

L'ensemble du monastère bouddhique de Takht-i-Bahi (ou « trône de la source ») a été fondé au début du Ier siècle. Grâce à son emplacement sur la crête d'une haute colline, il a échappé aux invasions successives, ce qui explique son état de préservation exceptionnel. Les ruines voisines de Sahr-i-Bahlol témoignent de la présence d'une petite ville fortifiée datant de la même période.

الآثار البوذية في تختي باهي وبقايا سحري بهلول

تأسست مجمّع الدير البوذي في تختي باهي (او سلطة المصدر) في بداية القرن الاول. وبسبب موقعه على قمة تلة عالية، لم تستطع الاجتياحات المتتالية النيل منه، ما يفسّر حالته الاستثنائية. أما الانقاض المجاورة في سحري بهلول، فهي تشهد على وجود مدينة صغيرة محصّنة تعود الى الفترة نفسها.

source: UNESCO/ERI

塔克特依巴依佛教遗址和萨尔依巴赫洛古遗址

 塔克特依巴依(王位的起源)的佛教寺庙建筑群是于1世纪早期修建的,由于它坐落在高山的顶端,所以躲避了一次又一次的侵略,至今仍然保存完好。附近有萨尔依巴赫洛古遗迹,萨尔依巴赫洛是同一时期的一座防备森严的小城。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Руины буддийского монастыря Тахти-Бахи и города Шахри-Бахлол

Буддийский монастырский комплекс Тахти-Бахи («Трон Сотворения») был основан в начале I в. Благодаря расположению на вершине высокого холма, он уцелел при повторяющихся вторжениях захватчиков, и сохранился до наших дней в исключительно хорошем состоянии. Поблизости находятся руины Шахри-Бахлол, небольшого укрепленного города, относящегося к тому же периоду.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ruinas búdicas de Takh-i-Bahi y vestigios de Sahr-i-Bahlol

El conjunto monástico budista de Takht-i-Bahi (Trono de los orígenes) se fundó a principios del siglo I. Su emplazamiento en la cima de un alto cerro le salvó de las invasiones sucesivas de la región, lo cual explica su buen estado de conservación. En sus cercanías se hallan las ruinas de Sahr-i-Bahlol, una pequeña ciudad fortificada de esa misma época.

source: UNESCO/ERI

タフティ-バヒーの仏教遺跡群とサライ-バロールの近隣都市遺跡群

source: NFUAJ

Boeddhistische ruïnes van Takht-i-Bahi en overblijfselen van de naburige stad Sahr-i-Bahlol

Het boeddhistische kloostercomplex van Takht-i-Bahi (Troon van de oorsprong) werd in het begin van de 1e eeuw gesticht en daarna steeds uitgebreid. Het ligt op een 152 meter hoge heuvel, ongeveer 80 kilometer van Peshawar en 16 kilometer ten noordwesten van de stad Mardan. Door de ligging op een heuveltop ontsnapte het klooster aan opeenvolgende invasies en is het tot nu toe uitzonderlijk goed bewaard gebleven. In de nabijheid zijn de ruïnes van Sahr-i-Bahlol te vinden, een kleine versterkte stad die uit dezelfde periode dateert. In 1871 werden er veel sculpturen gevonden op Takht-i-Bahi. Sommige tonen het leven van de Boeddha.

Source: unesco.nl

  • English
  • French
  • Arabic
  • Chinese
  • Russian
  • Spanish
  • Japanese
  • Dutch
site image
Long Description

The Buddhist ruins of Takht-i-Bahi and the neighbouring city remains at Sahr-i-Bahlol are among the most characteristic of this type of structure.

The Buddhist monastic complex of Takht-i-Bahi (Throne of Origins) is situated on top of a 152 m high hill, about 80 km from Peshawar and 16 km north-west of the city of Mardan. It was founded in the early 1st century AD, and was successively occupied and expanded from that time until it fell into disuse through the discontinuation of charitable endowments in modern times. Owing to its location on the crest of a hill, it escaped the invasions of the Huns and other antagonistic peoples, leaving it today with much of its original character intact. The name Takht-i-Bahi derives from the spring on the hilltop and is literally translated as 'Spring Throne'.

The complex, the most impressive and complete Buddhist monastery in Pakistan, consists of four main groups:

  • the Court of Stupas with a cluster of stupas beside the main stupa in the middle courtyard, embellished with a series of tall niches to enshrine Buddhist statues;
  • the early monastic complex with residential cells around an open court, assembly hall and refectory;
  • the temple complex with a main stupa in the middle of a courtyard adorned with statues niches similar to the earlier stupa court;
  • the tantric monastic complex with an open courtyard in front of a series of dark cells with low openings for mystical meditation, in keeping with tantric practice.

In 1871, many sculptures were found at Takht-i-Bahi. Some depicted stories from the life of the Buddha while others, more devotional in nature, included the Buddha and Bodhisattava.

The Court of Stupas is surrounded on three sides by open alcoves or chapels. The excavators were of the view that originally they contained single plaster statues of the Buddha sitting or standing, dedicated in memory of holy men or donated by rich pilgrims. The monastery to the north was probably a two-storey structure consisting of an open court, ringed with cells, kitchens and a refectory.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC