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Luis Barragán House and Studio

Luis Barragán House and Studio

Built in 1948, the House and Studio of architect Luis Barragán in the suburbs of Mexico City represents an outstanding example of the architect’s creative work in the post-Second World War period. The concrete building, totalling 1,161 m2, consists of a ground floor and two upper storeys, as well as a small private garden. Barragán’s work integrated modern and traditional artistic and vernacular currents and elements into a new synthesis, which has been greatly influential, especially in the contemporary design of gardens, plazas and landscapes.

Maison-atelier de Luis Barragán

Construite en 1948, la maison-atelier de Luis Barragán dans la banlieue de Mexico constitue un exemple exceptionnel du travail créateur de l’architecte dans la période qui suit la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Le bâtiment de béton, d’une superficie totale de 1 161 m2, comprend un rez-de-chaussée et deux étages ainsi qu’un petit jardin privatif. L’œuvre de Barragán associe des courants et éléments artistiques modernes et traditionnels en une nouvelle synthèse qui a exercé une influence considérable, notamment sur la conception contemporaine des jardins, des places et des paysages.

المحترف المنزلي الخاص بلويس باراغان

يشكّل المحترف المنزلي الخاص بلويس باراغان والذي يقع في ضاحية مكسيكو والذي تمّ بناؤه في العام 1948 مثالاً فريدًا على العمل الاستثنائي الذي قام به المهندس في الفترة التي تلت الحرب العالميّة الثانيّة. ويتضمَّن المبنى المصنوع من الباطون والذي تصل مساحته الاجمالية الى 1161 م2، دورًا ارضيًا وطابقَيْن، بالاضافة الى حديقة صغيرة خاصة. كما يجمع عمل باراغان تياراتٍ وعناصرَ فنيّة عصريّة وتقليديّة في خلاصةٍ جديدةٍ أثّرت بشكلٍ كبيرٍ على النظرة المعاصرة للحدائق والساحات والمناظر الطبيعية بشكلٍ خاص.

source: UNESCO/ERI

路易斯•巴拉干故居和工作室

该建筑于1948年在墨西哥城郊建造,设计师是路易斯·巴拉干,它是二战后建筑创意工作的杰出代表。这幢混凝土结构的建筑面积共有1161平方米,有一个底层外加两层楼,还有一个私人小花园。巴拉干将现代艺术与传统艺术、本国与流行结合起来,形成了一种全新的风格。这种风格具有极大的影响力,在当代花园、广场以及风景设计方面尤其如此。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Жилой дом и студия Луиса Баррагана (пригороды Мехико)

Жилой дом и студия архитектора Луиса Баррагана, построенные в 1948 г. в пригороде Мехико, представляют собой выдающийся пример творческой работы этого архитектора в период после Второй Мировой войны. Бетонное здание имеет три этажа, к нему прилегает также небольшой частный сад. Работа Баррагана интегрирует современные и традиционные профессиональные художественные и народные элементы в единое целое.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Casa-Taller de Luis Barragán

Construida en 1948 en los arrabales de la Ciudad de México, la casa-taller del arquitecto Luis Barragán constituye un ejemplo excepcional de la obra creadora de este eminente artista durante el período posterior a la Segunda Guerra Mundial. El edificio, cuya superficie totaliza 1.161 metros cuadrados, es de hormigón armado y consta de una planta baja, dos superiores y un pequeño jardín privado. En la obra de Barragán convergen corrientes estéticas y elementos artísticos modernos y autóctonos tradicionales, dando por resultado una síntesis arquitectónica que ha ejercido una notable influencia en el diseño contemporáneo de paisajes, jardines y plazas.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ルイス・バラガン邸と仕事場
1948年、メキシコ・シティ郊外に建てられた建築家ルイス・バラガン自邸と仕事場は、第2次世界大戦後のバラガンの傑出した独創性溢れる作例を代表するものである。コンクリート製の建造物で、総面積1161㎡の3階建ての構造になっており、小さな庭のデザインもまた特筆に価する。バラガンの作品は、現代建築の新たな潮流や要素を、新しい形として統合させたものである。その作品は、同時代の庭園や広場、景観設計に、特に大きな影響を与えている。

source: NFUAJ

Huis en studio van Luis Barragán

Het huis en studio van Luis Barragán werd in 1948 gebouwd en bevindt zich in een van de voorsteden van Mexico Stad. Het is een mooi voorbeeld van de creativiteit van de architect in de periode na de Tweede Wereldoorlog. Het betonnen gebouw omvat in totaal 1.161 vierkante meter en bestaat uit de begane grond en twee bovenverdiepingen, die uitkijken op een kleine privétuin. Het werk van Barragán integreert moderne elementen en stromingen, met traditionele en volkse. Hierdoor ontstond een nieuwe synthese, die van grote invloed is geweest op met name het hedendaagse ontwerp van tuinen, pleinen en landschappen.

Source: unesco.nl

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Luis Barragán House and Studio (Mexico) © OUR PLACE The World Heritage Collection
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief Synthesis

Built in 1947-1948, the Luis Barragán House and Studio located in a working class suburb of Mexico City represents an outstanding example of the architect’s creative work in the post-Second World War period. Barragán created a regional adaptation of the International Modern Movement in architectural design. The concrete building, totalling 1,161 square metres, consists of a ground floor and two upper storeys, as well as a small private garden. The architect’s integration of modern design with traditional Mexican vernacular elements has been greatly influential, especially in the contemporary design of gardens. For example, his use of water and fountains reflects Mediterranean and Islamic traditions, in particular Moroccan.

The house and studio of Luis Barragán owes its singularity to being a personal and therefore unique reflection of its designer. This autobiographical background did not prevent this artist manifesto from going well beyond its time and its cultural milieu and becoming a distinguished reference in 20th century fine art and architecture. Of particular note is the profound dialogue between light and constructed space and the way in which colour is substantial to form and materials. It is a house which appeals to all the senses and re-evaluates the ways in which architecture can be perceived and enjoyed by its inhabitants. Many of its materials were found in traditional architecture and, distant as they are from industrial production, they reveal the aging of the house with a patina which the architect acknowledged as the poetic value of his architecture.

Criterion (i): The House and Studio of Luis Barragán represent a masterpiece of the new developments in the Modern Movement, integrating traditional, philosophical and artistic currents into a new synthesis.

Criterion (ii): The work of Luis Barragán exhibits the integration of modern and traditional influences, which in turn have had an important impact especially on the design of gardens and urban landscapes.

Integrity 

The house and studio that comprise the inscribed property occupy two adjacent lots, numbers 12 and 14 of General Francisco Ramirez Street. The architect lived and worked here until his death in 1988 and he determined and supervised any modifications. Luis Barragán believed that ‘a house is never finished; it is an organism in constant evolution’. The value of the property’s integrity resides in the fact that these modifications represent an autobiographic document of the artist and the evolution of his ideas. Moreover it is conserved in its entirety including kitchen installations and the owner’s Cadillac.

The property itself was considered to be in a reasonable state of conservation at the time of inscription (2004). Specific threats relate to insufficient planning controls, increased traffic in the surrounding neighbourhood, and uncontrolled development specifically linked to high-rise construction within the buffer zone. Such development will have a negative impact on the character of the house which is introverted and intimate. It will also affect its visual integrity, in particular views from the garden and terraces. Additional risks to the property include earthquakes and fire. Regular inspections and preventative measures are required.

Authenticity

The House and Studio of Luis Barragán are conserved with great respect, including not only the structure, materials, furniture, objects, art collections, garden and library, but also the kitchen installations. Conservation is extended to the various changes that have occurred over time. In this sense, the property certainly meets the test of authenticity. Occupied by the architect until his death, the house and studio are currently a museum and are open to the public.

Protection and management requirements

In November 1988, the Mexican Government declared the House and Studio of Luis Barragán an Artistic Monument requiring all conservation and restoration work carried out must be authorized by the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura (National Institute of Fine Arts and Literature). The protection of the house was completed prior to inscription and the additional protection of the studio is in process according to the State Party. This declaration extends to any excavations, foundations, conservation work or demolitions carried out by owners of properties adjacent to the monument.

The museum is managed by the Luis Barragán Foundation of Guadalajara Architecture, a non-governmental body that, along with the museum administration and INBA, is responsible for preserving the integrity and authenticity of the property. Since 1994, restoration has been the responsibility of Andrés Casillas de Alba, a disciple and close collaborator of Luis Barragán. Annual work plans provide sufficient care for the property and a 22.9-hectare buffer zone surrounds the property on three sides.