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Decision : CONF 204 X.C.1
The Historic and Architectural Complex of the Kazan Kremlin (Russian Federation)

Property: The Historic and Architectural Complex of the Kazan Kremlin

Id. N°: 980

State Party: Russian Federation

Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv)

The Committee decided to inscribe this property on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii), (iii) and (iv):

Criterion (ii): The Kazan Kremlin complex represents exceptional testimony of historical continuity and cultural diversity over a long period of time, resulting in an important interchange of values generated by the different cultures.

Criterion (iii): The historic citadel represents an exceptional testimony of the Khanate period and is the only surviving Tatar fortress with traces of the original town-planning conception.

Criterion (iv): The site and its key monuments represent an outstanding example of a synthesis of Tatar and Russian influences in architecture, integrating different cultures (Bulgar, Golden Horde, Tatar, Italian, and Russian), as well as showing the impact of Islam and Christianity.


Themes: Inscriptions on the World Heritage List
States Parties: Russian Federation
Year: 2000
Decision Code: CONF 204 X.C.1