Property: The Historic and Architectural Complex of the Kazan Kremlin
Id. N°: 980
State Party: Russian Federation
Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv)
The Committee decided to inscribe this property on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii), (iii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): The Kazan Kremlin complex represents exceptional testimony of historical continuity and cultural diversity over a long period of time, resulting in an important interchange of values generated by the different cultures.
Criterion (iii): The historic citadel represents an exceptional testimony of the Khanate period and is the only surviving Tatar fortress with traces of the original town-planning conception.
Criterion (iv): The site and its key monuments represent an outstanding example of a synthesis of Tatar and Russian influences in architecture, integrating different cultures (Bulgar, Golden Horde, Tatar, Italian, and Russian), as well as showing the impact of Islam and Christianity.