The Historic and Architectural Complex of the Kazan Kremlin (Russian Federation)
Property: The Historic and Architectural Complex of the Kazan Kremlin
Id. N°: 980
State Party: Russian Federation
Criteria: C (ii) (iii) (iv)
The Committee decided to inscribe this property on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii), (iii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): The Kazan Kremlin complex represents exceptional testimony of historical continuity and cultural diversity over a long period of time, resulting in an important interchange of values generated by the different cultures.
Criterion (iii): The historic citadel represents an exceptional testimony of the Khanate period and is the only surviving Tatar fortress with traces of the original town-planning conception.
Criterion (iv): The site and its key monuments represent an outstanding example of a synthesis of Tatar and Russian influences in architecture, integrating different cultures (Bulgar, Golden Horde, Tatar, Italian, and Russian), as well as showing the impact of Islam and Christianity.
Original Decision Document