State of Conservation (SOC)
States PartiesAlbania Argentina Australia Belarus Brazil Bulgaria Cambodia Cameroon Central African Republic China Colombia Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominica Ecuador Egypt Estonia Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Ghana Guinea Honduras India Indonesia Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Mexico Mozambique Nepal New Zealand Niger Oman Pakistan Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Russian Federation Spain Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Tunisia Turkey Uganda United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United States of America Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan(54) Illegal activities(19) Ground transport infrastructure(18) Housing(15) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation(14) Financial resources(12) Management activities(12) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community(11) Land conversion(8) Mining(8) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure(6) Civil unrest(6) Water infrastructure(5) Surface water pollution(5) Forestry /wood production(5) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals(5) Storms(5) Human resources(5) Legal framework(5) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure(4) Oil and gas(4) Earthquake(4) Marine transport infrastructure(3) Localised utilities(3) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources(3) Invasive/alien terrestrial species(3) Industrial areas(2) Major linear utilities(2) Deliberate destruction of heritage(2) War(2) Erosion and siltation/ deposition(2) Fire (widlfires)(2) Commercial development(1) Interpretative and visitation facilities(1) Renewable energy facilities(1) Air pollution(1) Ground water pollution(1) Input of excess energy(1) Solid waste(1) Commercial hunting(1) Crop production(1) Subsistence hunting(1) Quarrying(1) Water (extraction) (1) Relative humidity(1) Water (rain/water table)(1) Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses(1) Flooding(1) Other climate change impacts(1) Volcanic eruption(1) Invasive / alien freshwater species(1) Invasive / alien marine species(1) High impact research / monitoring activities(1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).