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State of Conservation (SOC)

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Statistics by properties (by regions and categories)
Year Property SOC Regions Categories
EUR-NA APA LAC ARB AFR Cultural Natural Mixed
1996
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
64
102%
14%
64 15
24%
3%
12
19%
3%
9
14%
2%
11
17%
2%
17
27%
4%
38
60%
8%
23
37%
5%
3
5%
1%
1997
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
101
158%
20%
101 26
41%
5%
33
52%
7%
13
20%
3%
15
23%
3%
14
22%
3%
54
84%
11%
43
67%
9%
4
6%
1%
1998
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
127
126%
23%
127 35
35%
6%
33
33%
6%
24
24%
4%
17
17%
3%
18
18%
3%
71
70%
13%
46
46%
8%
10
10%
2%
1999
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
110
87%
19%
110 23
18%
4%
34
27%
6%
23
18%
4%
12
9%
2%
18
14%
3%
55
43%
9%
47
37%
8%
8
6%
1%
2000
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
112
102%
18%
112 34
31%
5%
32
29%
5%
17
15%
3%
9
8%
1%
20
18%
3%
54
49%
9%
53
48%
8%
5
5%
1%
2001
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
124
111%
18%
124 37
33%
5%
32
29%
5%
19
17%
3%
18
16%
3%
18
16%
3%
57
51%
8%
60
54%
9%
7
6%
1%
2002
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
90
73%
12%
90 34
27%
5%
25
20%
3%
10
8%
1%
10
8%
1%
11
9%
2%
46
37%
6%
38
31%
5%
6
5%
1%
2003
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
142
158%
19%
142 41
46%
6%
34
38%
5%
28
31%
4%
15
17%
2%
24
27%
3%
94
104%
13%
44
49%
6%
4
4%
1%
2004
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
159
112%
21%
159 52
37%
7%
38
27%
5%
26
18%
3%
19
13%
3%
24
17%
3%
103
73%
14%
51
36%
7%
5
4%
1%
2005
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
138
87%
18%
138 47
30%
6%
34
21%
4%
16
10%
2%
16
10%
2%
25
16%
3%
89
56%
11%
44
28%
6%
5
3%
1%
2006
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
135
98%
17%
136 38
28%
5%
33
24%
4%
14
10%
2%
20
14%
2%
30
22%
4%
85
62%
10%
45
33%
6%
5
4%
1%
2007
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
165
122%
20%
165 50
37%
6%
41
30%
5%
22
16%
3%
22
16%
3%
30
22%
4%
107
79%
13%
54
40%
7%
4
3%
0%
2008
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
158
96%
19%
158 57
35%
7%
33
20%
4%
25
15%
3%
17
10%
2%
26
16%
3%
101
61%
12%
53
32%
6%
4
2%
0%
2009
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
178
113%
20%
178 64
41%
7%
38
24%
4%
26
16%
3%
19
12%
2%
31
20%
4%
122
77%
14%
52
33%
6%
4
3%
0%
2010
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
149
84%
17%
149 47
26%
5%
28
16%
3%
27
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
31
17%
3%
92
52%
10%
51
29%
6%
6
3%
1%
2011
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
172
115%
19%
172 50
34%
5%
41
28%
5%
31
21%
3%
20
13%
2%
30
20%
3%
118
79%
13%
51
34%
6%
3
2%
0%
2012
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
147
85%
16%
148 45
26%
5%
26
15%
3%
25
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
35
20%
4%
89
52%
10%
52
30%
6%
6
3%
1%
2013
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
169
115%
18%
169 46
31%
5%
31
21%
3%
30
20%
3%
27
18%
3%
35
24%
4%
116
79%
12%
50
34%
5%
3
2%
0%
2014
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
150
89%
15%
150 31
18%
3%
30
18%
3%
26
15%
3%
21
12%
2%
42
25%
4%
90
53%
9%
54
32%
6%
6
4%
1%
Threats*
Threats Group of Threats SOC reports Properties
Commercial development Buildings and Development 88 32
Housing Buildings and Development 768 179
Industrial areas Buildings and Development 28 10
Interpretative and visitation facilities Buildings and Development 109 48
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Buildings and Development 204 71
Air transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 24 10
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 124 45
Ground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 445 113
Marine transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 85 25
Underground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 27 12
Localised utilities Services Infrastructures 28 16
Major linear utilities Services Infrastructures 66 22
Non-renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 10 5
Renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 31 11
Water infrastructure Services Infrastructures 167 37
Air pollution Pollution 39 16
Ground water pollution Pollution 20 9
Input of excess energy Pollution 26 9
Pollution of marine waters Pollution 16 6
Solid waste Pollution 101 34
Surface water pollution Pollution 99 21
Aquaculture Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Commercial hunting Biological resource use/modification 26 8
Commercial wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Crop production Biological resource use/modification 66 16
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Biological resource use/modification 78 27
Forestry /wood production Biological resource use/modification 77 19
Land conversion Biological resource use/modification 292 61
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Biological resource use/modification 174 35
Subsistence hunting Biological resource use/modification 24 9
Subsistence wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 1 1
Mining Physical resource extraction 252 50
Oil and gas Physical resource extraction 102 31
Quarrying Physical resource extraction 18 8
Water (extraction) Physical resource extraction 39 12
Dust Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Micro-organisms Local conditions affecting physical fabric 9 3
Pests Local conditions affecting physical fabric 1 1
Radiation/light Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Relative humidity Local conditions affecting physical fabric 46 18
Temperature Local conditions affecting physical fabric 9 5
Water (rain/water table) Local conditions affecting physical fabric 154 49
Wind Local conditions affecting physical fabric 31 13
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Social/cultural uses of heritage 31 10
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Social/cultural uses of heritage 268 58
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Social/cultural uses of heritage 434 123
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Social/cultural uses of heritage 12 4
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses Social/cultural uses of heritage 21 6
Society's valuing of heritage Social/cultural uses of heritage 29 12
Civil unrest Other human activities 183 22
Deliberate destruction of heritage Other human activities 163 48
Illegal activities Other human activities 596 110
Military training Other human activities 2 2
Terrorism Other human activities 1 1
War Other human activities 100 20
Changes to oceanic waters Climate change and severe weather events 4 3
Desertification Climate change and severe weather events 8 2
Drought Climate change and severe weather events 18 5
Flooding Climate change and severe weather events 64 23
Other climate change impacts Climate change and severe weather events 20 8
Storms Climate change and severe weather events 70 28
Temperature change Climate change and severe weather events 14 7
Avalanche/ landslide Sudden ecological or geological events 21 6
Earthquake Sudden ecological or geological events 66 26
Erosion and siltation/ deposition Sudden ecological or geological events 109 30
Fire (widlfires) Sudden ecological or geological events 54 14
Tsunami/tidal wave Sudden ecological or geological events 3 2
Volcanic eruption Sudden ecological or geological events 9 4
Hyper-abundant species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 1 1
Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 40 9
Invasive / alien marine species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 15 4
Invasive/alien terrestrial species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 82 25
Modified genetic material Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 0 0
Translocated species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 10 2
Financial resources Management and institutional factors 270 86
Governance Management and institutional factors 63 19
High impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 35 16
Human resources Management and institutional factors 223 81
Legal framework Management and institutional factors 281 105
Low impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 0 0
Management activities Management and institutional factors 334 91
Management systems/ management plan Management and institutional factors 1558 330
Threats by year (SOC reports)*
Threats* Year
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Buildings and Development
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Commercial development 2 4 4 1 2 4 4 14 11 5 5 4 6 5 1 3 3 5 5
Housing 16 15 21 21 23 21 17 37 47 37 47 60 58 71 55 64 52 54 52
Industrial areas 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 4 0 0 1 1 0 2 1 3 2 3 2
Interpretative and visitation facilities 2 0 6 1 4 8 4 10 8 8 5 7 6 9 4 8 6 6 7
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure 4 3 8 6 5 7 3 8 7 3 9 16 13 22 18 23 13 15 21
Transportation Infrastructure
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Air transport infrastructure 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 4 0 2 2 2 1
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure 2 3 5 7 6 4 1 3 10 8 6 7 10 15 8 14 4 7 4
Ground transport infrastructure 12 15 20 22 26 30 17 23 32 16 21 28 28 28 23 28 24 26 26
Marine transport infrastructure 3 2 5 3 3 5 3 3 5 1 1 2 6 7 7 7 8 7 7
Underground transport infrastructure 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 3 1 0 1 2 3 2 4 1 3 2
Services Infrastructures
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Localised utilities 3 3 2 4 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 4 2
Major linear utilities 0 2 3 4 3 5 3 6 6 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 4 4 5
Non-renewable energy facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 3 3
Renewable energy facilities 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 0 3 1 2 3 4
Water infrastructure 4 3 6 5 4 7 4 6 7 10 9 13 12 10 14 11 15 13 14
Pollution
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Air pollution 2 5 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 3 1 2 1 4 0 3 0 3
Ground water pollution 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1
Input of excess energy 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 5 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 0
Pollution of marine waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 4 1 2 2
Solid waste 3 6 7 1 3 2 1 2 8 8 7 10 7 5 8 5 7 6 5
Surface water pollution 5 5 6 5 7 5 3 5 4 3 5 4 7 3 6 6 7 6 7
Biological resource use/modification
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Aquaculture 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commercial hunting 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 3 3 1 2 2 2
Commercial wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crop production 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 2 7 10 11 3 4 3 6 3 2 4
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources 3 3 2 4 5 3 4 5 8 4 4 4 5 4 3 3 3 6 5
Forestry /wood production 2 5 6 5 6 5 1 6 2 4 6 4 5 6 4 0 4 3 3
Land conversion 9 8 7 9 13 15 9 18 11 9 14 17 17 22 20 23 22 23 26
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals 4 4 4 5 6 7 5 7 10 6 10 11 12 15 11 13 16 16 12
Subsistence hunting 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 1 1 2 1
Subsistence wild plant collection 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Physical resource extraction
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Mining 5 9 11 9 14 15 10 10 9 12 14 12 13 16 18 17 20 18 20
Oil and gas 1 2 4 4 3 6 4 5 5 3 3 3 6 6 6 9 9 11 12
Quarrying 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 2
Water (extraction) 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 5
Local conditions affecting physical fabric
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Dust 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Micro-organisms 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 2 1 1 0 1 0
Pests 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Radiation/light 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Relative humidity 4 3 5 2 3 2 2 3 4 1 2 3 2 3 2 3 1 0 1
Temperature 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Water (rain/water table) 6 6 9 4 5 6 4 11 17 7 9 10 8 9 7 9 9 11 7
Wind 1 1 2 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 4 3 1 3 3 2 1 2 2
Social/cultural uses of heritage
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 2 3 4 3 3 2 3 2 2 3
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community 8 9 11 12 16 19 10 17 13 15 16 21 13 17 14 19 12 13 13
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation 7 14 18 17 17 19 20 29 29 21 30 36 24 27 19 21 28 23 35
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses 1 0 2 2 2 3 3 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
Society's valuing of heritage 0 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 1 3 2 3 2 0 1
Other human activities
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Civil unrest 3 3 4 6 6 6 3 11 15 11 12 13 13 12 13 13 13 13 13
Deliberate destruction of heritage 2 2 2 3 4 5 4 8 12 9 8 10 14 18 14 13 13 12 10
Illegal activities 12 18 15 20 28 27 19 31 44 30 34 41 35 44 34 42 41 37 44
Military training 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Terrorism 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
War 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 6 6 5 7 6 6 5 5 9 15 15
Climate change and severe weather events
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Changes to oceanic waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1
Desertification 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Drought 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 2 1 0 2 2 3 1 3
Flooding 0 4 3 1 2 0 1 3 2 3 6 5 5 4 4 4 7 6 4
Other climate change impacts 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 3 2 2
Storms 1 4 10 11 11 1 1 3 2 0 2 1 2 2 2 5 3 4 5
Temperature change 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 1 1
Sudden ecological or geological events
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Avalanche/ landslide 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 0
Earthquake 1 1 1 4 3 5 1 3 4 4 4 5 4 5 4 5 7 2 3
Erosion and siltation/ deposition 4 3 5 3 4 3 2 3 7 7 7 9 3 10 5 10 7 9 8
Fire (widlfires) 1 2 2 3 4 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 2 3 4 4 2 6 3
Tsunami/tidal wave 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Volcanic eruption 0 0 2 2 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Hyper-abundant species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Invasive / alien freshwater species 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 4 2 2 3 3 2 3 1 3 3 1 4
Invasive / alien marine species 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 1
Invasive/alien terrestrial species 2 3 1 3 4 3 2 5 2 4 7 5 7 5 6 3 8 6 6
Modified genetic material 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Translocated species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
Management and institutional factors
1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Financial resources 6 8 8 12 11 14 10 24 26 11 15 18 17 16 15 18 16 10 15
Governance 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 3 3 2 3 3 5 6 7 6 8 7 8
High impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 2 2 0 2 1 0 4 2 1 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 2
Human resources 6 2 4 5 4 10 6 26 21 11 15 18 11 19 9 16 13 13 14
Legal framework 8 13 10 6 6 6 6 21 26 15 17 12 15 13 18 19 23 24 23
Low impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Management activities 9 18 16 18 12 14 13 17 13 11 13 16 20 25 20 25 24 23 27
Management systems/ management plan 30 45 67 68 58 66 54 97 100 84 84 99 96 104 95 108 96 106 101


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.