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Lorentz National Park

Indonesia
Factors affecting the property in 2019*
  • Financial resources
  • Fishing/collecting aquatic resources
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Human resources
  • Illegal activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Mining
  • Other climate change impacts
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Mining
  • Human resources (Security limitations)
  • Ground transport infrastructure (Development threats)
  • Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (Exploitation of marine resources)
  • Management systems/management plans (Absence of a co-ordinating agency, Absence of a finalized strategic management plan, Park boundaries not physically demarcated)
  • Financial resources (Inadequate financing)
  • Other climate change impacts (Nothofagus dieback)
  • Illegal activities
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2019
Requests approved: 2 (from 1996-2001)
Total amount approved : 41,400 USD
Missions to the property until 2019**

January 2004: IUCN mission; March-April 2008: Joint UNESCO/IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission; January-February 2011: Joint UNESCO/IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission; March 2014: IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019

On 3 December 2018, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/955/documents, providing the following information:

  • The review of the zoning of the property, which engaged all relevant stakeholders including local communities, has been completed in collaboration with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and has resulted in almost doubling of the property, as well as increase in the area of “traditional zone” while drastically reducing the “utilization zone” among other changes. The Wilderness zone has been decreased from 42% to 36% of the total area of the property. Further documentation will be provided on this at a later stage;
  • Spatial Monitoring and Reporting Tool (SMART) patrols have been carried out in the property since 2016 covering a total area of 600,000 ha over 2016-2018; however, due to the challenging terrain they can only be undertaken in the lowlands.
  • So far, large-scale poaching has not been detected within the property and that hunting occurs only on small scale by local communities for traditional use and cultural ceremonies. This type of use is permitted in the enlarged traditional zone according to the newly adopted zoning of the property;
  • Monitoring of the conditions of Nothofagus species affected by the previously reported dieback has been carried out since 2017 along the road between Wamena and Habbema. The Ministry of Environment and Forestry is also developing an agreement with the Ministry of Public Works and Housing in order to require managing the impact of the Habbema-Kenyam road on the dieback;
  • The Habbema-Kenyam road has been completed and opened for public use. A protection plan was developed to address the impacts on the property identified through the Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) elaborated for the road project. The existence of the road was also taken into account in the revision process of the property’s zoning;
  • The State Party confirms its commitment to invite an IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission to the property, but notes that it was not yet possible to do so due to regional and national elections in 2018 and 2019 respectively. The State Party proposes to invite the mission after the national elections schedule in mid-2019.

In response to third party reports, the World Heritage Centre sent a letter to the State Party on 18 December 2018, requesting to verify the information regarding a proposed new paved “Trans-Papuan Highway” in view of potential threats to the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) and integrity of the property. A response by the State Party remains pending at the time of writing of this report. 

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2019

The completion of the revision of the property’s zoning is noted. However, it is considered that the information provided does not sufficiently clarify how conservation of the OUV of the property has been taken into account in the development of the revised zoning. It is recommended that the pending IUCN mission to the property reviews this matter in more detail.

The additional information about the patrolling activities, including how much of the property is covered, and which species are being monitored as was requested by the Committee, is noted with appreciation. It is recommended that the Committee encourage the State Party to continue its efforts in this regard.

It is noted with utmost concern that the Habbema-Kenyam road has now been completed and opened for public use. It should be recalled that in its Decision 41 COM 7B.29, the Committee considered that the construction of the road represented a significant risk for the fragile alpine environments of the property. Whilst it is noted that a protection plan was developed to address the impacts from the road on the property, it is regrettable that a Reactive Monitoring mission has not yet taken place as requested by the Committee in order to assess this. It is also regrettable that the State Party did not reply to the World Heritage Centre’s letter requesting verification of the third party information about the construction of “Trans-Papuan Highway”.

The information provided by the State Party regarding the monitoring of the condition of Nothofagus species is noted. It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to continue this monitoring so that the extent to which the Habbema-Kenyam road is contributing to the dieback threat can be further assessed, in order to inform the development of an agreement between the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and the Ministry of Public Works and Housing on the management of the road and its impacts on the dieback.

Considering the aforementioned issues, it is recommended that the Committee reiterate its request to the State Party to invite an IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission to the property, to take place as soon as feasible and no later than 31 December 2019, to assess the effectiveness of the new zoning in ensuring the long-term conservation of the property’s OUV, to assess current and potential impacts of the Habbema-Kenyam road on the property and the effectiveness of the protection plan in mitigating them, as well as the measures being developed to reduce the impact of the road on the dieback of Nothofagus species.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2019
43 COM 7B.9
Lorentz National Park (Indonesia) (N 955)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/19/43.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 41 COM 7B.29, adopted at its 41st session (Krakow, 2017),
  3. Notes with appreciation the information provided by the State Party regarding the patrolling activities, including how much of the property is covered, and which species are being monitored, and encourages the State Party to continue these efforts;
  4. Takes note of the completion of the revision of the property’s zoning, but considers that insufficient information has been provided to assess whether its previous request to ensure that the process results in a simpler, more manageable zoning of the property, taking into account the traditional uses of local communities and the conservation of its Outstanding Universal Value (OUV), has been fully implemented;
  5. Also recalling that the Committee considered that the construction of the Habbema-Kenyam road represents a significant additional risk for the fragile alpine environments of the property, notes with utmost concern that the road has been completed and opened for public use and urges the State Party to develop and implement the necessary mitigation measures as a matter of priority;
  6. Notes the information provided by the State Party regarding the monitoring of the dieback of Nothofagus species and requests the State Party to continue this monitoring to further assess the extent to which the Habbema-Kenyam road is contributing to the dieback threat in order to inform the development of an agreement between the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and the Ministry of Public Works and Housing regarding the management of the road and mitigating its impacts on dieback;
  7. Expresses its concern that the IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission to the property has not yet taken place as requested in Decision 41 COM 7B.29 and reiterates its request to the State Party to organize this mission, to take place as soon as feasible and no later than 31 December 2019, to assess the state of conservation of the property, in particular:
    1. Assess current and potential impacts of the Habbema-Kenyam road and any other on-going road construction on the property’s OUV, and the effectiveness of the protection plan in mitigating threats,
    2. Evaluate the effectiveness of measures being developed to address the contribution of the road to the dieback of Nothofagus species,
    3. Review the new zoning of the property to assess its effectiveness in ensuring long-term conservation of the property’s OUV;
  8. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.
Draft Decision: 43 COM 7B.9

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/19/43.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 41COM 7B.29, adopted at its 41st session (Krakow, 2017),
  3. Notes with appreciation the information provided by the State Party regarding the patrolling activities, including how much of the property is covered, and which species are being monitored, and encourages the State Party to continue these efforts;
  4. Takes note of the completion of the revision of the property’s zoning, but considers that insufficient information has been provided to assess whether its previous request to ensure that the process results in a simpler, more manageable zoning of the property, taking into account the traditional uses of local communities and the conservation of its Outstanding Universal Value (OUV), has been fully implemented;
  5. Also recalling that the Committee considered that the construction of the Habbema-Kenyam road represents a significant additional risk for the fragile alpine environments of the property, notes with utmost concern that the road has been completed and opened for public use and urges the State Party to develop and implement the necessary mitigation measures as a matter of priority;
  6. Notes the information provided by the State Party regarding the monitoring of the dieback of Nothofagus species and requests the State Party to continue this monitoring to further assess the extent to which the Habbema-Kenyam road is contributing to the dieback threat in order to inform the development of an agreement between the Ministry of Environment and Forestry and the Ministry of Public Works and Housing regarding the management of the road and mitigating its impacts on dieback;
  7. Expresses its concern that the IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission to the property has not yet taken place as requested in Decision 41 COM 7B.29 and reiterates its request to the State Party to organize this mission, to take place as soon as feasible and no later than 31 December 2019, to assess the state of conservation of the property, in particular:
    1. Assess current and potential impacts of the Habbema-Kenyam road and any other on-going road construction on the property’s OUV, and the effectiveness of the protection plan in mitigating threats,
    2. Evaluate the effectiveness of measures being developed to address the contribution of the road to the dieback of Nothofagus species,
    3. Review the new zoning of the property to assess its effectiveness in ensuring long-term conservation of the property’s OUV;
  8. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.
Report year: 2019
Indonesia
Date of Inscription: 1999
Category: Natural
Criteria: (viii)(ix)(x)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 43COM (2019)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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