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Wieliczka and Bochnia Royal Salt Mines

Factors affecting the property in 1989*
  • Relative humidity
  • Water (rain/water table)
  • Other Threats:

    Gradual degradation

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Cave-ins;
  • Subsidence;
  •  Water seepage;
  • Harmful atmospheric elements
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1989
Requests approved: 1 (from 1989-1989)
Total amount approved : 45,000 USD
1989 Equipment and technical assistance needed for ... (Approved)   45,000 USD
Missions to the property until 1989**
Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1989
The Bureau was informed that an ICOMOS mission was scheduled to visit the Wieliczka Salt Mines (Poland) in early July 1989. On the basis of the findings of this mission, a request for technical cooperation would be prepared and transmitted for the consideration of the Bureau and of the Committee at their December session.
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1989
The Bureau was informed that an expert would proceed to Wieliczka Salt Mines in July 1989 in order to obtain the necessary information on the state of conservation of this property and on the most urgent needs for its protection.
In the light of the results of this mission, which would be presented to them during the thirteenth session of the Committee, the Bureau and in turn the Committee could take a stand in December 1989 on the inscription of this property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1989
13 COM XIII.38-39.A
Requests for International Assistance: Technical Cooperation

38. The Committee noted that the Bureau had examined in detail the requests for international assistance presented in document SC-89/CONF.004/7. The Committee also took into consideration that the Bureau had incorporated additional information received by the Secretariat since the preparation of this document into its evaluation.

39. In accordance with the procedures for granting international assistance set out in the Operational Guidelines adopted by the Committee in December 1988, the Committee approved the following requests:

A. Technical Cooperation

1. Galapagos National Park (Ecuador): US$59,500
Purchase of 2 motor-boats and spare parts and repair and maintenance costs

2. Archaeological site of Epidaurus (Greece): US$65,400
Purchase of stereopantograph

3. Kathmandu Valley (Nepal): US$14,000
Work and equipment for restoration of roof of the Patan Temple

4. Royal Chitwan National Park (Nepal) US$50,000
Public awareness programmes and development of an educational and interpretative centre in Royal Chitwan National Park
The Committee at its next session may wish to consider additional amounts for this project on the basis of a progress report on the status of implementation of the project in 1990.

5. Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland): US$45,000
Urgent work for consolidating the foundation and the protection of the site
The Committee noted that during a mission in May 1989 by American experts, commissioned by President Bush, with a view to preserving the site of Cracow, an evaluation had been conducted at the same time on Wieliczka Salt Mine. A project had been developed to address the serious humidity problem. A copy of the project had been submitted to the Secretariat.

6. Serengeti National Park (Tanzania): US$30,000
Upon receipt and approval by the Secretariat of a revised proposal for the purchase of a film-van and accessories.


Inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger: Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland)

Wieliczka Salt Mine (Poland)

In accordance with the wishes of the Polish authorities, the Committee decided to inscribe the Salt Mine of Wieliczka on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

No draft Decision
Report year: 1989
Date of Inscription: 1978
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iv)
Danger List (dates): 1989-1998

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.