1.         Memphis and its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur (Egypt) (C 86)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1979

Criteria  (i)(iii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/86/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1991-1995)
Total amount approved: USD 81,450
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/86/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

November 1988: expert mission; April 1995: UNESCO expert mission; October 1998: UNESCO mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/86/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2003

In 2002, the Committee was informed of a project proposed by the Ministry of Housing to execute a tunnel, or a highway, across the Plateau of the Pyramids. The Egyptian authorities informed the Secretariat, by letter of 15 April 2003, that the project for the construction of a tunnel under the Giza Plateau has been completely stopped. They also provided assurances that any other project with potential impact on the site would be submitted in the future to the consideration of the Committee. The Secretariat, moreover, was informed by a foreign co-operation agency working in Cairo of its interest in assisting the Egyptian authorities for the preparation of a comprehensive management plan for the site and its surroundings. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 27 COM 7B.37

The World Heritage Committee [23],

1. Commends the State Party for its commitment towards the preservation of the Pyramid Fields, and particularly for having prevented the implementation of the proposed tunnel project;

2. Encourages the State Party to provide any information concerning the development of management plans for the property to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2004 in order that the World Heritage Committee can examine the state of conservation of the property at its 28th session in 2004.

[23]  Decision adopted without discussion.