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Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

Peru
Factors affecting the property in 2003*
  • Avalanche/ landslide
  • Fire (widlfires)
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Dam construction (issue resolved); 
  • Power line development (issue resolved); 
  • Wild fires (issue resolved); 
  • Encroachment;
  • Urbanization of the valley;
  • Helicopters flights
  • Damages due to a crane accident (issue resolved) 
  • Landslides
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2003
Requests approved: 11 (from 1986-2001)
Total amount approved : 166,625 USD
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2003

On 2 May 2002, the Chairperson of the Committee addressed letters to the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Agriculture and Education urging the Government to take the necessary measures for the implementation of the recommendations of the 2002 mission. In the same letters, the Chairperson alerted the Ministers that in the absence of these measures, the Committee would be obliged to consider the inscription of Machu Picchu on the List of World Heritage in Danger. To date, no response has been received to these letters.

On 11 February 2003, the Government of Peru submitted a report in which it informed of the inclusion of the Ministry of Tourism and the Regional Government in the directorate of the Management Unit and on progress made in the adoption of the plan for the village of Aguas Calientes and the undertaking of landslide studies. It also reported a great number of activities that are planned for execution in 2003, such as the revision of the Master Plan, an evaluation of the access to the Sanctuary, the implementation of the Urban Ordinance Plan for the village of Aguas Calientes etc.

IUCN reviewed the report and noted positive development related to documenting the sacred values of the site, the strengthening of the Management Unit and the approval by the Urubamba Provincial Municipality of the urban plan for Aguas Calientes. IUCN noted that the report was not clear on the timeline for revision of the master plan in the planning process of which a number of key issues need to be considered. IUCN noted also that the Peruvian Government has finished the construction of the infrastructure of energy dissipaters in the Aguas Calientes River, the treatment of unstable zones and the cleaning of the riverbed and river banks. It has also developed an emergency programme for evaluation and monitoring of the zone in co-operation with the National Institute of Civilian Defence (INDECI). IUCN noted that the site continues to be threatened by the spread of invasive species and that the problem urgently needs the implementation of control measures. IUCN would like to offer to the State Party the possibility of expert advice from the IUCN Invasive Species Specialist Group.

 ICOMOS reviewed the report of the Government of Peru and expressed the opinion that, in general terms, the report lacks in supportive detail on a number of points, that certain responses are evasive with regard to the recommendations of the 2002 mission, and that it gives the impression of a lack of urgency in some respects. It is recommended that the State Party be thanked for its report, and that it be invited to prepare a more detailed report for the meeting of the Committee in 2004, with full supporting documentation.

On 24 April 2003, the Director of the National Institute of Culture informed the Centre that it had signed an agreement with the Ministry of Tourism and the Municipality of Machu Picchu for the execution of some activities: the construction of a handicraft square, improvement of vehicular access, system of communication, diffusion, cultural information and security, and a complex for sport and cultural and recreational activities.

The Secretariat notes that the report of the Government of Peru provides very little information on concrete actions and achievements during the year 2002. No information is provided on the implementation of the 2002 Operational Plan of the Management Unit or the status of infrastructure works in Aguas Calientes. The fact that the Programa Machu Picchu, a major debt-swap project with the Government of Finland, was terminated in December 2002 and that remaining funds have been withdrawn from Machu Picchu is not reported upon. Instead, the report makes very general statements and refers very frequently to actions that are being planned or programmed for implementation in 2003. It seems that concrete progress has only been made in the management of the Inca Trail, which includes Aguas Calientes. However, the report of 24 April 2003 does not stipulate if the works are implemented in the context of the plan for the village, and in the study and management of landslide risks. The report does not make a convincing case that the state of conservation and the management of the site have been improved significantly as compared to the situation referred to in the 1999 and 2002 mission reports. In line with the letter of the Chairperson to the Peruvian authorities in May 2002, the Committee would have to seriously consider inscribing Machu Picchu on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2003
27 COM 7B.30
Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Peru)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Recalling that the Committee, since 1996, has expressed its serious concerns about the management and planning arrangements of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu,;

2. Recalling that reactive monitoring missions were undertaken in 1997, 1999 and 2002 and that the recommendations of these missions were endorsed by the Committee and transmitted to the Government of Peru for consideration and implementation,;

3. Recalling further that in May 2002, as an exceptional measure, the Chairperson of the Committee addressed letters of concern to the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Agriculture and Education urging the Government to take the necessary measures for the implementation of the recommendations of the missions and alerting the Ministers that in the absence of these measures, the Committee would be obliged to consider the inscription of Machu Picchu on the List of World Heritage in Danger;

4. Acknowledging that progress has been made on specific issues such as the preparation and adoption of a Master Plan, the creation of a Management Unit, the management of the Inca Trail and planning for the village of Aguas Calientes,;

5. Noting however, that the information submitted by the Government of Peru does not make a convincing case that the state of conservation and the management of the property have been improved significantly as compared to the situation referred to in the mission reports of 1999 and 2002,;

6. Urges, once again, the Government of Peru to take the necessary measures for the implementation of the recommendations of the missions of 1999 and 2002 and to provide, within ten weeks of receipt of this decision, a report on these measures as well as detailed information on:

(a) the timeline for the revision of the Master Plan,

(b) the Organization and Functions Regulations of the Management Unit,

(c) the evaluation of transport options,

(d) the studies related to the carrying capacity of the Ciudadela ad Camino Inca,

(e) the development of a Public Use Plan,

(f) the implementation of urban planning and control measures for Aguas Calientes,

(g) the implementation of geological studies and the development of a study on the impacts of buses on landslides,

(h) the possibility to develop, in co-operation with UNESCO, a feasibility study to establish a permanent international institution for the protection of the property;

7. Requests that IUCN and ICOMOS evaluate reports concerning the property, including on activities undertaken with regard to Machu Picchu submitted by the State Party on 3 July 2003, report whether the outstanding universal value of the property has been maintained,  assess the threats to the property and what the State Party has undertaken to mitigate those threats, and to submit this report to the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2004;

8. Decides to examine the state of conservation of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu at its 28th session in 2004.

Draft Decision: 27 COM 7 (b) 30

The World Heritage Committee,

1.Recalling that the Committee, since 1996, has expressed its serious concerns about the management and planning arrangements of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu,

2. Recalling that reactive monitoring missions were undertaken in 1997, 1999 and 2002 and that the recommendations of these missions were endorsed by the Committee and transmitted to the Government of Peru for consideration and implementation,

3. Recalling further that in May 2002, as an exceptional measure, the Chairperson of the Committee addressed letters of concern to the Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Agriculture and Education urging the Government to take the necessary measures for the implementation of the recommendations of the missions and alerting the Ministers that in the absence of these measures, the Committee would be obliged to consider the inscription of Machu Picchu on the List of World Heritage in Danger,

4. Acknowledging that progress has been made on specific issues such as the preparation and adoption of a Master Plan, the creation of a Management Unit, the management of the Inca Trail and planning for the village of Aguas Calientes,

5. Noting, however, that the information submitted by the Government of Peru does not make a convincing case that the state of conservation and the management of the site have been improved significantly as compared to the situation referred to in the mission reports of 1999 and 2002,

6. Urges, once again, the Government of Peru to take the necessary measures for the implementation of the recommendations of the missions of 1999 and 2002 and to provide, by 15 September 2003, a report on these measures as well as detailed information on:

·  ·the timeline for the revision of the Master Plan;

·  ·the Organization and Functions Regulations of the Management Unit;

·  ·the evaluation of transport options;

·  ·the studies related to the carrying capacity of the Ciudadela ad Camino Inca;

·  ·the development of a Public Use Plan, ·the implementation of urban planning and control measures for Aguas Calientes;

·  ·the implementation of geological studies and the development of a study on the impacts of buses on landslides;

·  ·the possibility to develop, in cooperation with UNESCO, a feasibility study to establish a permanent international institution for the protection of the site;

7. Requests that UNESCO, IUCN and ICOMOS undertake a joint mission to Machu Picchu in early 2004 to evaluate the situation and to assess whether the site meets the criteria for inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger and to submit a report by 1 February 2004, for review of the Committee at its 28th session,

8. Decides to examine the state of conservation of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu and its possible inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger at its 28th session. 

Report year: 2003
Peru
Date of Inscription: 1983
Category: Mixed
Criteria: (i)(iii)(vii)(ix)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 27COM (2003)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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