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Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu

Peru
Factors affecting the property in 1994*
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Input of excess energy
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Other Threats:

    Need for an inventory of the park's natural and cultural resources

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Dam construction;
  • Power line development;
  • Wild fires;
  • Encroachment;
  • Urbanization of the valley
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1994
Requests approved: 10 (from 1986-1992)
Total amount approved : 161,625 USD
Missions to the property until 1994**
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1994

Technical and training assistance for the preparation of a master plan for this mixed site was provided in 1992 for a total amount of US$ 78,825. The director of the UNDP/UNESCO Regional Project for Latin America informed the Committee at its seventeenth session on the progress made in the preparation of a master plan and that an international archaeological seminar was held in Cusco/Machu Picchu in September 1993. The report of the seminar was published early 1994 and the Secretariat was informed that further detailed studies are being undertaken on several of the most urgent issues.

In the meantime, the Secretariat was informed of proposed helicopter flights from Cusco to the village of Aguas Calientes, which is only two kilometers from the ruins of Machu Picchu, authorization of which is subject to the approval of an environmental impact study by the National Institute for Natural Resources (INRENA). The Secretariat received the study on 2 September 1994 for comments. IUCN has been requested to examine the study and to report on it to the Committee's session.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 1994

The Committee is requested to examine the above in the light of the IUCN conclusions and recommendations regarding the environmental impact study.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1994
18 COM IX
SOC: Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Peru)

Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (Peru)

The Committee was informed on proposed helicopter flights from Cusco to the village of Aguas Calientes, which is only two kilometers from the ruins of Machu Picchu, authorization of which would be subject to the approval of an environmental impact study by the National Institute for Natural Resources (INRENA). IUCN informed that it was finalizing the examination of the impact study and that it will transmit its recommendations to the Secretariat as soon as these are available.

The Committee requested that the Bureau at its forthcoming nineteenth session be informed of the outcome of IUCN's observations.

The Committee was informed on proposed helicopter flights from Cusco to the village of Aguas Calientes, which is only two kilometers from the ruins of Machu Picchu, authorization of which would be subject to the approval of an environmental impact study by the National Institute for Natural Resources (INRENA). IUCN informed that it was finalizing the examination of the impact study and that it will transmit its recommendations to the Secretariat as sson as these are available.

The Committee requested that the Bureau at its forthcoming nineteenth session be informed of the outcome of IUCN's observations.

Report year: 1994
Peru
Date of Inscription: 1983
Category: Mixed
Criteria: (i)(iii)(vii)(ix)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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