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Garamba National Park

Democratic Republic of the Congo
Factors affecting the property in 1996*
  • Civil unrest
  • Illegal activities
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Poaching;
  • Managerment issues (issue resolved);
  • Civil unrest 
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1996
Requests approved: 10 (from 1980-1994)
Total amount approved : 212,870 USD
Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1996

Due to the success of the safeguarding action of the northern white rhino population by the World Heritage Committee, IUCN, WWF, the Frankfurt Zoological Society and the Zairian authorities, the site was taken off the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992.

In April 1996, the Centre and IUCN have received information on the poaching of two white rhinos (one female, one male adult). A joint WWF-IUCN mission to the site is being planned. The Centre requested the authorities to provide details of this event as well as any information on measures taken to prevent any further dissemination of the white rhino.

Action Required

The Bureau recommended to the Committee to inscribe the site on the List of World Heritage in Danger and encouraged international partners to collaborate to safeguard the white rhino population.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1996

Due to the success of the safeguarding action of the northern white rhino population by the World Heritage Committee, IUCN, WWF, the Frankfurt Zoological Society and the Zaire authorities, the site was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992. In April 1996, the Centre and IUCN received information on the poaching of two white rhinos (one female, one male adult). A joint WWF-IUCN mission to the site is being planned. The Centre requested the authorities to provide details of this event as well as any information on measures taken to prevent any further loss of the white rhino.

Given the gravity of the situation, the Bureau recommended to the Committee inscription of this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau requested the Centre to obtain the commitment of the Zaire authorities for such listing and for a submission of a plan for corrective measures in conformity with the Operational Guidelines. At the time of the preparation of this document, no further information from the authorities of Zaire has been received.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 1996

The Bureau may wish to transmit the state of conservation report to the Committee for examination and recommend the Committee to adopt the following:

"The Committee decides to inscribe the Garamba national Park on the List of World Heritage in danger and encourages international partners to collaborate to safeguard the white rhino population."

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1996
20 BUR IV.7
Garamba National Park (Zaire)

In April 1996, the Centre and IUCN received information on the poaching of two Northern white rhinos (one female, one male adult). A joint WWF-Frankfurt Zoological Society-IUCN mission to the site was carried out recently and the findings will be transmitted to twentieth extraordinary session of the Bureau in November 1996.

Given the gravity of the situation, notably concerning poaching of the white rhino population in Garamba National Park, the Bureau recommended to the Committee inscription of this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau requested the Secretariat to obtain the commitment of the Zaire authorities for such listing and for submission of a plan for corrective measures in conformity with the Operational Guidelines

20 COM VII.D.37
SOC: Garamba National Park (Zaire)

VII.37 Garamba National Park (Zaire)

The Committee recalled that due to the success of the safeguarding action of the northern white rhino population by the World Heritage Committee, IUCN, WWF, the Frankfurt Zoological Society and the Zaire authorities, the site was removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992. In April 1996, the Centre and IUCN received information on the poaching of two white rhinos.

The Bureau at its twentieth extraordinary session took note of additional information provided by IUCN on the loss of three rangers killed at the site and information based on a detailed report provided by WWF and the IUCN Species Survival Commission. The Bureau recalled that it discussed at its twentieth session inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger given the gravity of the situation. The Bureau took note that no commitment of the Zaire authorities for such listing had been obtained and no plan for corrective measures in conformity with the Operational Guidelines had been submitted. The Bureau also considered the serious situation in Zaire and the situation of the protected areas in Africa in general, which has to be related to sustainable development and international collaboration.

The Committee emphasized the difficult situation in Zaire and requested the Chairperson to write a letter of condolence to the families of the rangers who were killed.

The Committee decided to inscribe the Garamba National Park on the List of World Heritage in Danger, and urged the State Party to collaborate with WWF, IUCN, and the Centre to prepare a plan for corrective measures in conformity with the Operational Guidelines and encouraged international partners to collaborate to safeguard the northern white rhino and other wildlife populations in the Park.

20 COM VIII.A.4
Properties Inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

VII.4 The Committee at its twentieth session examined the state of conservation reports contained in Working Document WHC-96/CONF.201/7B, and additional information provided in Information Document WHC-96/CONF.201/INF.23 and decided to include the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:

Simen National Park (Ethiopia)

Rio Platano Biosphere Reserve (Honduras)

Ichkeul National Park (Tunisia)

Garamba National Park (Zaire)

Report year: 1996
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date of Inscription: 1980
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Danger List (dates): 1984-1992, 1996-present
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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