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Old City of Dubrovnik

Factors affecting the property in 1996*
  • Earthquake
  • Legal framework
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Armed conflict;
  • Need to extend the buffer zone
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1996
Requests approved: 6 (from 1985-1994)
Total amount approved : 129,010 USD
Missions to the property until 1996**

November 1995: fact-finding mission

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1996

In May 1996, the first European World Heritage Youth Forum took place in Dubrovnik. One hundred students and teachers from 22 European countries met and discussed World Heritage issues. They sent an appeal to the European Ministers of Culture who were meeting in Helsinki at the same time, asking for their help in order to preserve the European cultural heritage.

On September 5, 1996, the area of the Dubrovnik littoral was hit by a VIII Mercalli scale earthquake. The most affected area includes Dubrovnik itself and the nearby (10kms) village of Ston, a historic town on the Croatian Tentative List. In response to a request from the Croatian authorities, a fact-finding mission was sent to Dubrovnik. At the time of the preparation of this report, the report of the mission has not yet been presented.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 1996

The Committee may wish to take note of the mission report that will be presented during its session and take the appropriate action thereupon.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1996
20 COM VII.C.25
SOC: Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia)

VII.2S Old City of Dubrovnik (Croatia)

On September 5, 1996, the area of Dubrovnik was hit by an earthquake. In response to a request from the Croatian authorities, a fact-finding mission was sent to Dubrovnik late November to survey the effects of the earthquake. The expert mission reported that the earthquake caused minimum damage in Dubrovnik. Only some cracks dating back to the earthquake of 1979 had deteriorated.

Very serious damage, however, was caused to the historical town of Ston, which is on the Croatian Tentative List. Inside the city walls nearly all buildings were damaged and several of them had collapsed. The Committee expressed its concern about the state of conservation of the town of Ston.

As to Dubrovnik, the Committee requested the State Party to submit, by 15 September 1997, an overall state of conservation report, in order for the Committee to consider at its twenty-first session whether Dubrovnik could be deleted from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Report year: 1996
Date of Inscription: 1979
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(iii)(iv)
Danger List (dates): 1991-1998
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 20COM (1996)

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.