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Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow

Russian Federation
Factors affecting the property in 2013*
  • Housing
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Erection of a monument in honour of Marshal G. Zhukov (constructed)
  • Ongoing and accelerated urban development pressures
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2013
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 2013**

December 2007: joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS / ICCROM reactive monitoring mission

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2013

At its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011), the World Heritage Committee reiterated its grave concern about the lack of response to its previous decisions and requested the State Party to submit a state of conservation report for the property for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 37th session in 2013. The Committee also reiterated its request for the State Party to produce a management plan, approved buffer zones, improved legal and institutional mechanisms for the protection of the property and a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value. Information and studies concerning on-going developments at the site were also requested.  The State Party did not submit a state of conservation report as requested.

a)  Construction and restoration works

In response to the World Heritage Centre letters of 6 August 2012 and 23 January 2013 concerning the property, the State Party transmittedon 20 February 2013 some information regarding the nature of the construction works within the property and its vicinity. The World Heritage Centre requested the State Party to submit additional information and supporting material concerning the projects.

b)  Legislative and administrative arrangements

The World Heritage Centre was informed by the UNESCO Moscow Office that draft amendments to the Federal Law on the Cultural Heritage of the Russian Federation had been introduced by the Russian Government following the 36th session of the World Heritage Committee; also that a Round-Table on the implementation of the World Heritage Convention in the Russian Federation took place on 21 March 2013. This was undertaken by the Cultural Committee of the Russian Duma in Moscow in accordance with the request of the Committee that the legal framework for the protection of World Heritage in the Russian Federation should be reviewed. The World Heritage Centre is in contact with the Russian authorities concerning further details on this issue. 

c)  Boundary issues

 

On 28 February 2012, the State Party submitted a report on cadastral works which took place from 2007 to 2011, for the first time since the inscription of the property on the World Heritage List. The World Heritage Centre reviewed the report and informed the State Party that the maps did not comply with all the technical requirements of the Operational Guidelines. The World Heritage Centre requested the State Party to revise the maps in order to reflect the delimitation of the property at the time of the inscription, or to submit a proposal for a boundary modification in conformity with paragraphs 163-165 of the Operational Guidelines.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2013

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies take note of the State Party’s efforts to develop a range of mechanisms to safeguard and develop the property but note as well that no state of conservation report has been submitted in response to the majority of the World Heritage Committee’s requests. They therefore recommend that the Committee reiterate all requests included in the decisions taken at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011). 

 

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies emphasize that the State Party’s authorities should inform the UNESCO World Heritage Centre of any intention to undertake or authorize major restoration or any new constructions within the boundary of the World Heritage property and its buffer zone in compliance with paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2013
37 COM 7B.83
Kremlin and Red Square, Moscow (Russian Federation) (C 545)

The World Heritage Committee,

1.  Having examined Document WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add,

2.  Recalling Decision 35COM 7B.105 adopted at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011),

3.  Takes note of the efforts the State Party is making towards to developing legal measures for the protection of World Heritage properties;

4.  Regrets that the State Party did not submit a state of conservation report;

5.  Reiterates its request to the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, in conformity with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines , all project proposals that may threaten the Outstanding Universal Value of the property accompanied by appropriate Heritage Impact Assessments, in conformity with the ICOMOS Guidance on Heritage Impact Assessments for World Heritage cultural properties;

6.  Also reiterates its request to the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies three copies of a management plan for the property;

7.  Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015 , a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property and implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015.

Draft Decision:  37 COM 7B.83

The World Heritage Committee,

1.  Having examined Document WHC-13/37.COM/7B.Add,

2.  Recalling Decision 35COM 7B.105 adopted at its 35th session (UNESCO, 2011),

3.  Takes note of the efforts the State Party is making towards to developing legal measures for the protection of World Heritage properties;

4.  Regrets that the State Party did not submit a state of conservation report;

5.  Reiterates its request to the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, in conformity with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, all project proposals that may threaten the Outstanding Universal Value of the property accompanied by appropriate Heritage Impact Assessments, in conformity with the ICOMOS Guidance on Heritage Impact Assessments for World Heritage cultural properties;

6.  Also reiterates its request to the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies three copies of a management plan for the property;

7.  Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015, a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property and implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015.

Report year: 2013
Russian Federation
Date of Inscription: 1990
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iv)(vi)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 37COM (2013)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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