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Sangay National Park

Ecuador
Factors affecting the property in 1994*
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
  • Illegal activities
  • Land conversion
  • Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • heavy poaching of wildlife,
  • illegal livestock grazing,
  • encroachment along the Park's perimeter,
  • unplanned road construction.
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1994
Requests approved: 2 (from 1985-1993)
Total amount approved : 58,500 USD
1993 Equipement for Sangay National Park (Approved)   28,500 USD
1985 Public awareness programmes for local communities and ... (Approved)   30,000 USD
Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1994
Report prepared by IUCN
  1. PROPERTY: SANGAY NATIONAL PARK (Ecuador)
  2. DATE INSCRIBED AND CRITERIA: 1983. ii, iii, iv 1992 - World Heritage in Danger
  3. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FROM WORLD HERITAGE FUND: $28,500 in December 1993. US$925,000 from GEF.
  4. CONDITION OF PROPERTY:
A short up-date on the status of the park has been provided by the IUCN office in Ecuador. There has been a major restructuring of the park administration with a change in Superintendent and a reduction in personnel. There is now concern that with the significant resources being provided through the GEF, there is limited capacity to carry out the work.

The Macas-Guamote road construction continues at a slow pace with no attention to fulfilment of the conditions in the inter-institutional letter of Agreement {see December 1 993 monitoring report).

Hunting activity inside the park has increased in the Alai) area of the park.

5.   EVALUATION:

It is clear that Sangay National Park still deserves to be on the List of World Heritage in Danger and that very little progress is being made to rectify the situation. The continuing reductions in the size of the work force has further limited management capacity. There has been no response from the Ecuadorian authorities to letters sent from the Centre.

6.   SUGGESTED ACTION BY THE WORLD HERITAGE BUREAU:

It is time for higher level interventions to express concern over lack of action to safeguard this site. The Bureau will need to determine the best options for making high level contact with the Government of Ecuador.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1994

The site was inscribed in 1983 and added to the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992 due to threats from poachers, boundary encroachment and unplanned road construction. A technical assistance project from the World Heritage Fund is under way.

No response has been received so far the letters signed by the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee and the Director-General of UNESCO expressing the Bureau's concerns.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 1994

It is recommended that the site be retained on the List of World Heritage in Danger and that another mission be carried out.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1994
18 COM IX
SOC: Sangay National Park (Ecuador)

Sangay National Park (Ecuador)

The site was inscribed in 1983 and added to the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992 due to' threats from poachers, boundary encroachment and unplanned road construction. The situation at the site was discussed between a representative of the President of Ecuador and World Heritage Centre staff and the Committee's continuous concerns were brought to the attention of the Government of Ecuador.

The Committee decided to retain this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger and that another fact-finding mission should be carried out.

18 BUR VI.B
Sangay National Park (Ecuador)

The Bureau recalled that the site was inscribed in 1983 and added to the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992 due to threats from poaching and a road construction. A field mission was carried out in 1993 and a report was submitted to the seventeenth session of the World Heritage Committee in December 1993. A short up-date report has been provided by the IUCN Office in Ecuador, indicating major restructuring of the park administration and a reduction of personnel. Furthermore, the Macas-Guamote road construction is progressing with no attention being paid to the conditions of the inter-institutional agreement. The Bureau decided to request the Centre to prepare two letters, one to be signed by the Director-General of UNESCO and the other by the Chairperson of the World Heritage Committee, addressed to the Government of Ecuador, expressing the Bureau's above concerns.

The site was inscribed in 1983 and added to the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992 due to threats from poachers, boundary encroachment and unplanned road construction. The situation at the site was discussed between a representative of the president of Ecuador and World Heritage Centre staff and the Committee's continuous concerns were brought to the attention of the Government of Ecuador.

The Committee decided to retain this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger and that another fact-finding mission should be carried out.

Report year: 1994
Ecuador
Date of Inscription: 1983
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(viii)(ix)(x)
Danger List (dates): 1992-2005
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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