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Srebarna Nature Reserve

Bulgaria
Factors affecting the property in 1994*
  • Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals
  • Surface water pollution
  • Water (extraction)
  • Water infrastructure
  • Other Threats:

    Loss of biodiversity

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Upstream Iron Gates dam
  • Deterioration of the water quality
  • Impact of upstream pig farms
  • Loss of biodiversity
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1994
Requests approved: 2 (from 1994-1994)
Total amount approved : 33,000 USD
1994 Purchase of equipment for the measurement and ... (Approved)   19,000 USD
1994 Training workshop in Srebarna Nature Reserve (Approved)   14,000 USD
Missions to the property until 1994**

1992: 2 IUCN missions

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1994
Report prepared by IUCN
  1. PROPERTY: SREBARNA BIOSPHERE RESERVE {Bulgaria)
  2. DATE INSCRIBED AND CRITERIA: 1983. iv; 1992 - World Heritage in Danger
  3. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FROM WORLD HERITAGE FUND: None
  4. CONDITION OF PROPERTY:

IUCN reports on the status of conservation in this site have been made to the Bureau and Committee since December 1991. The June 1993 Bureau has recommended that the Committee defer a decision on whether or not to delete the property from the list until 1995. In the meantime, there have been assessments of the conditions in the site by various experts from the Ramsar Bureau, the USNPS and Bulgarian authorities. All of the subsequent reports have confirmed that serious degradation has occurred - even worse than was indicated in the 1991 IUCN monitoring report. Restoration was thought, however, to be possible and some efforts to attempt this are underway.

A current status report has been prepared by the Bulgarian authorities but a copy has not yet been made available to IUCN.

5.   EVALUATION:

The report of the wetland experts from the USNPS has clearly outlined the events which have led to the "collapse of this once thriving lake" as well as the enormous effort that will be required to restore it. In light of the loss of the integrity of Srebarna and the periodic review clause called for in paragraph 29 of the Convention's Strategic Plan, it is unlikely that IUCN would recommend the inscription of the site today.

6.   SUGGESTED ACTION BY THE WORLD HERITAGE BUREAU:

Without having seen and studied the current status report on Srebarna by the Bulgarian authorities, IUCN cannot suggest what actions should be taken by the Bureau.

7.   REFERENCES:
  • Government of Bulgaria. 1993. Environment Impact Assessment Report of Restoration of the Srebarna Biosphere Reserve Project. 29 p. plus annexes.
  • Van Lent T. and M. Soukup. 1993. Restoration of Srebarna World Heritage site. USNPS. 8 p.
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1994

The Bureau at its eighteenth session recalled that the site was inscribed in 1983 and placed on the World Heritage in Danger List in 1992.

The Centre is continuously in contact with the Bulgarian authorities, which presented a report on their restoration efforts at the last session of the Bureau. Two small scale international assistance projects from the World Heritage Fund are presently under way at the site, as well as international assistance from other sources.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 1994

The Committee is requested to confirm the decision of the Bureau that a detailed report should be presented to the nineteenth session of the Bureau in 1995. It is recommended that the site be retained on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1994
18 COM IX
SOC: Srebarna Nature Reserve (Bulgaria)

Srebarna Nature Reserve (Bulgaria)

The Committee was informed that the Secretariat is continuously in contact with the Bulgarian authorities, which presented a report on their restoration efforts at the last session of the Bureau and have recently updated this report.

The Committee confirmed the decision of the Bureau at its eighteenth session that a detailed report on conservation measures should be presented to the nineteenth session of the Bureau in 1995. The Committee decided to retain this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

18 EXT.BUR V.A.1.1
Examination of requests for International Assistance - Natural Heritage - Requests on which the Bureau took a decision - Technical cooperation

The Bureau considered the rapid growth in the demand for technical cooperation funds and recommended that, in the future, at least one third of the annual budget for technical cooperation should be targetted towards natural World Heritage sites.

The Bureau considered 4 requests for technical cooperation for strengthening management of natural World Heritage sites and took the following decisions:

Requests approved by the Bureau

Srebarna Nature Reserve (Bulgaria) - US19,000: Purchase and installation of equipment for the measurement and monitoring of water-levels and water quality in the Srebarna Wetlands.

Requests not approved by the Bureau

Kilimanjaro National Park (Tanzania): The Bureau requested the Tanzanian authorities to reformulate their request for US$30,000 for developing a system of trails in the Park, and take into considreation more urgent conservation priorities for the management of the Park which have been set by the new Management Plan for the site.

18 BUR VI.B
Srebarna Nature Reserve (Bulgaria)

The Bureau recalled that the site was inscribed in 1983 and placed on the List of World Heritage in Danger in 1992. Furthermore, it noted that considerable discussion had taken place both at the Committee and it's Bureau sessions regarding the possible delisting of the site, and that IUCN reports on the status of the site indicating the degradation of its natural values have been reviewed continuously since December 1991. Furthermore, a report by wetland experts from the United States National Park Service indicate that major effort is required to restore the site. The Secretariat informed the Bureau that the Bulgarian Ministry for the Environment presented a report on restoration efforts by the Bulgarian authorities from 1992 to 1994, including an extension from 600 to 902 ha, the elaboration of an hydraulic system for Srebarna Lake and to review the re­establishment of the links between the Lake and the Danube.

The Bureau took note of the report and commended the authorities for their efforts. It decided, however, that the site should be continuously monitored and that a detailed report on the site should be given to the nineteenth session of the Bureau in 1995.

It was recommended that on behalf of the Bureau, the World Heritage Centre should write to the appropriate authorities stressing the need for maintaining a research/monitoring station at Srebarna.

The Committee was informed that the Secretariat is continuously in contact with the Bulgarian authorities, which presented a report on their restoration efforts at the last session of the Bureau and have recently updated this report.

The Committee confirmed the decision of the Bureau at its eighteenth session that a detailed report on conservation measures should be presented to the nineteenth session of the Bureau in 1995. The Committee decided to retain this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Report year: 1994
Bulgaria
Date of Inscription: 1983
Category: Natural
Criteria: (x)
Danger List (dates): 1992-2003
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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