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Garamba National Park

Democratic Republic of the Congo
Factors affecting the property in 1991*
  • Civil unrest
  • Illegal activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

Poaching; Managerment issues

International Assistance: requests for the property until 1991
Requests approved: 7 (from 1980-1991)
Total amount approved : 189,120 USD
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1991

The Bureau recalled that the Committee, at its thirteenth session, had noted that the rhinoceros population in this site had grown from 15 in 1984 to 21 in 1989 and recommended that the Zairois authorities request the removal of this site from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

The Bureau was pleased to note that in accordance with the wish of the Committee, the Minister for Environment and Nature Protection of Zaire had, by his letter of 26 February 1991, requested that this site be removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger.



Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 1991

The Bureau recommended the Committee remove the Garamba National Park from the List of World Heritage in Danger, observing that the population of rhinoceros in this site has nearly doubled since 1985.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1991
15 BUR VI.49
Garamba National Park (Zaire)

The Bureau was pleased to note that two more rhino calves were born in this site and the rhino population has now risen to 28, almost double that of 1985 when the site was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau was satisfied that the budget for this site has increased by 400% and that as suggested by the Committee at its last session, the Zairois authorities have requested that this site be removed from the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Bureau recommended that the Committee recognize that the small rhino population is still vulnerable and therefore continue to co­operate with other donors in supporting requests for rehabilitation. The Bureau also suggested that the Committee remove this site from the List of the World Heritage in Danger.

SOC: Garamba National Park (Zaire)

Garamba National Park (Zaire)

The Committee was glad to learn that the rhino population in this Park had increased to 31 and the local management capacity and budget have increased substantially. Poaching has also been brought under control. The Minister for Environment and Nature Protection of Zaire, by his letter of 26 February 1991, requested the removal of this site from the list of World Heritage in Danger. Although the Bureau at its last session in June 1991 recommended the removal of this site from the List of World Heritage in Danger, the Committee took note of the fact that in recent months civil order in the country had deteriorated. The Committee was in agreement with IUCN's observation that the rhino population was still small and continuous assistance and political stability are essential for maintaining the success achieved in the last five years. In view of the uncertainties associated with the recent civil unrest in Zaire, the Committee decided to defer taking a decision on the removal of this site from the List of World Heritage in Danger until its next session.

Requests for International Assistance

A. Technical co-operation

The Committee approved the following requests:




The Madara Rider (Bulgaria)



Purchase of equipment for drilling, measurement and urgent cleaning of the monument 


Saint-Stephen Church in Nessebar (Bulgaria)



Restoration of mural paintings of Saint-Stephen Church 


Pyramid Plateau at Giza (Egypt)



Costs for three international experts (an economist, an archaeologist and a landscape designer) in the elaboration of a Master Plan


International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and the Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM)



The Committee, in accordance with Article 23 of the Convention, approved this project for supplying technical documentation and equipment and materials


Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary (Peru)



Contribution for the period April-December 1992 for the preparation of a Master Plan 


Niokolo-Koba National Park (Senegal)



Purchase of two all-terrain vehicles


Furthermore, the Committee recommended that the Secretariat request the Senegalese authorities to provide details of schedules and technical modalities for the implementation of measures to mitigate the environmental impacts of the road construction project in this Park


Ichkeul National Park (Tunisia)



Consultancy, equipment, design and construction costs for a centre to improve presentation of the Park to visitors 


Garamba National Park (Zaire)



Purchase and shipment of three all-terrain motor cycles for patrolling of the Park


Virunga National Park (Zaire)



Purchase of one motor-boat and of spare parts for two boats already purchased and freight charges.

The Committee deferred its decision on the following requests:


Talamanca-La Amistad Reserves (Costa Rica)

The Committee recalled that at its last session it approved US $ 50,000 for this site to be released on the condition that projects financed by funds already approved are completed. The Committee noted the implementation of those projects remained at the same level as reported at its last session. Hence the Committee instructed the Bureau to re-examine the situation at its next session before deciding to award the US$ 50,000 approved by the Committee in 1990.


Hal Saflieni Hypogeum (Malta)

The Committee requested the State Party to submit to the next session of the Bureau a technical report justifying the need for the installation of an air-­conditioner in the hypogeum of this site.


Simien National Park (Ethiopia)


Recognizing that reconstruction work in this Park, which was abandoned by Park staff in 1985, could begin soon, the Committee decided to set aside US$ 50,000 from the 1992 budget for the re-habilitation of the Simien National Park. The Committee authorized the Chairman to use these funds to support appropriate projects to be developed by the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation organization, in consultation with IUCN and the Secretariat.

B. Training

The Committee, in accordance with Article 23 of the Convention, provided financial assistance to the following international or regional training courses:


International Course on the Preservation and the Restoration of Monuments and Historic Sites (University of Bahia, Brazil)



The Committee recommended that the funds be used to support the participation of specialists from Latin American and Caribbean States Parties to the Convention and that States Parties which had not received fellow­ships in the past be given preference during 1992. The Committee also recommended the authorities organizing the course to submit the list of trainees selected for the course for the approval of the Secretariat.


Regional Training Seminar for Francophone Africa on the Management of National Parks, in 'W' National Park of Niger(ENGREF/France and FSA/Niamey, Niger)



Mobile Regional Training Course for Protected Area Managers from South-Central Asia (Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Dehra Dun, India)



The Committee requested that the Secretariat obtain written approval of the Ministry of Environment and Forests of India for the organization of this course. 


The Committee welcomed the offer from the Delegation of USA to make available the equivalent of US$ 30,000, in Indian Rupees, through the Indo-US Sub-Commission on Science and Technology which is already supporting similar training courses. The Committee recommended that the Secretariat, in co-operation with the USA and Indian authorities, take the necessary steps to use the offer made by the Delegation of USA so that part or whole of the amount approved by the Committee for this course could be saved to support other international assistance projects. 

No draft Decision

Report year: 1991
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Date of Inscription: 1980
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Danger List (dates): 1984-1992, 1996-present
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 15COM (1991)

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.