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Simien National Park

Ethiopia
Factors affecting the property in 1991*
  • Civil unrest
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

Presence of armed groups

International Assistance: requests for the property until 1991
Requests approved: 6 (from 1978-1991)
Total amount approved : 203,171 USD
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1991

The Bureau recalled that this site was one of the first natural areas to be inscribed on the World Heritage List. It was abandoned by the staff of the Wildlife Conservation Organization in 1985 due to civil unrest in the area. Since then there are no reliable reports of its condition. A new government is now being formed and hence the Bureau requested that the Secretariat contact the Permanent Delegation of Ethiopia to UNESCO in order to develop mechanisms to obtain assessment of the present status of this site.

The recommendations of the Bureau were transmitted to the Permanent Delegate of Ethiopia to UNESCO by letter of 21 August 1991, and this letter was transmitted to the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Organization which has submitted a detailed report providing information on the status of conservation of the Simien National Park.

According to the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Organization, the past seven years of civil unrest in the area had completely destroyed Park infrastructure but had not seriously affected natural resources and wildlife values of the Park. The report on the Simien National Park has been transmitted to IUCN.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1991
15 BUR VI.39
Simien National Park (Ethiopia)

The Bureau recalled that this site was one of the first natural areas to be inscribed on the World Heritage List. It was abandoned by the staff of the Wildlife Conservation Organization in 1985 due to civil unrest in the area. Since then there are no reliable reports of its condition. A new government is now being formed and hence the Bureau requested that the Secretariat contact the Permanent Delegation for Ethiopia in UNESCO in order to develop mechanisms to obtain an assessment of the present status of this site.

15 COM VIII
SOC: Simien National Park (Ethiopia)

Simien National Park (Ethiopia)

The Committee recalled that this Park was abandoned by its staff in 1985 due to civil unrest in the area. The Committee was happy to note that the site had once again become accessible. On the basis of a report submitted by the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Organization, the Committee was informed that all field stations and other infrastructure of the Park had been destroyed. The Committee recognized the need to begin reconstruction work and noted the possibilities for involving local people in this regard. In the light of the urgency to undertake conservation action, the Committee wished to study the possibilities for setting aside a sum of US$ 50,000 from the 1992 budget for the rehabilitation of Simien National Park.

15 COM XII.A-B
Requests for International Assistance

A. Technical co-operation

The Committee approved the following requests:

 

US$

1.

The Madara Rider (Bulgaria)

35,000

 

Purchase of equipment for drilling, measurement and urgent cleaning of the monument 

2.

Saint-Stephen Church in Nessebar (Bulgaria)

15,000

 

Restoration of mural paintings of Saint-Stephen Church 

3.

Pyramid Plateau at Giza (Egypt)

30,000

 

Costs for three international experts (an economist, an archaeologist and a landscape designer) in the elaboration of a Master Plan

4.

International Centre for the Study of the Preservation and the Restoration of Cultural Property (ICCROM)

25,000

 

The Committee, in accordance with Article 23 of the Convention, approved this project for supplying technical documentation and equipment and materials

5.

Machu Picchu Historic Sanctuary (Peru)

40,000

 

Contribution for the period April-December 1992 for the preparation of a Master Plan 

6.

Niokolo-Koba National Park (Senegal)

45,000

 

Purchase of two all-terrain vehicles

 

Furthermore, the Committee recommended that the Secretariat request the Senegalese authorities to provide details of schedules and technical modalities for the implementation of measures to mitigate the environmental impacts of the road construction project in this Park

7.

Ichkeul National Park (Tunisia)

40,000

 

Consultancy, equipment, design and construction costs for a centre to improve presentation of the Park to visitors 

8.

Garamba National Park (Zaire)

15,000

 

Purchase and shipment of three all-terrain motor cycles for patrolling of the Park

9.

Virunga National Park (Zaire)

40,000

 

Purchase of one motor-boat and of spare parts for two boats already purchased and freight charges.

The Committee deferred its decision on the following requests:

10.

Talamanca-La Amistad Reserves (Costa Rica)

The Committee recalled that at its last session it approved US $ 50,000 for this site to be released on the condition that projects financed by funds already approved are completed. The Committee noted the implementation of those projects remained at the same level as reported at its last session. Hence the Committee instructed the Bureau to re-examine the situation at its next session before deciding to award the US$ 50,000 approved by the Committee in 1990.

11.

Hal Saflieni Hypogeum (Malta)

The Committee requested the State Party to submit to the next session of the Bureau a technical report justifying the need for the installation of an air-­conditioner in the hypogeum of this site.

12.

Simien National Park (Ethiopia)

 

Recognizing that reconstruction work in this Park, which was abandoned by Park staff in 1985, could begin soon, the Committee decided to set aside US$ 50,000 from the 1992 budget for the re-habilitation of the Simien National Park. The Committee authorized the Chairman to use these funds to support appropriate projects to be developed by the Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation organization, in consultation with IUCN and the Secretariat.

B. Training

The Committee, in accordance with Article 23 of the Convention, provided financial assistance to the following international or regional training courses:

1.

International Course on the Preservation and the Restoration of Monuments and Historic Sites (University of Bahia, Brazil)

60,000

 

The Committee recommended that the funds be used to support the participation of specialists from Latin American and Caribbean States Parties to the Convention and that States Parties which had not received fellow­ships in the past be given preference during 1992. The Committee also recommended the authorities organizing the course to submit the list of trainees selected for the course for the approval of the Secretariat.

2.

Regional Training Seminar for Francophone Africa on the Management of National Parks, in 'W' National Park of Niger(ENGREF/France and FSA/Niamey, Niger)

30,000

3.

Mobile Regional Training Course for Protected Area Managers from South-Central Asia (Wildlife Institute of India (WII), Dehra Dun, India)

30,000

 

The Committee requested that the Secretariat obtain written approval of the Ministry of Environment and Forests of India for the organization of this course. 

 

The Committee welcomed the offer from the Delegation of USA to make available the equivalent of US$ 30,000, in Indian Rupees, through the Indo-US Sub-Commission on Science and Technology which is already supporting similar training courses. The Committee recommended that the Secretariat, in co-operation with the USA and Indian authorities, take the necessary steps to use the offer made by the Delegation of USA so that part or whole of the amount approved by the Committee for this course could be saved to support other international assistance projects. 

No draft Decision

Report year: 1991
Ethiopia
Date of Inscription: 1978
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Danger List (dates): 1996-2017
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 15COM (1991)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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