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Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve

Côte d'Ivoire, Guinea
Factors affecting the property in 2005*
  • Crop production
  • Illegal activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Mining
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

Agricultural pressure, deforestation, mining, poaching, weak management capacity, lack of transborder cooperation.

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2005
Requests approved: 18 (from 1981-2002)
Total amount approved : 435,222 USD
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2005

A report was received from the State Party of Côte d’Ivoire, dated 6 January 2005. At the time of the preparation of the document, no report was received from the State Party of Guinea. No additional information was provided on the expected restarting of the exploration studies in the mining enclave for which the concession rights were acquired by the Euronimba consortium, as requested by the Committee at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004).

The State Party of Côte d’Ivoire confirms that, since 2002, the property is no longer under Government control as the area is occupied by rebel forces. This has resulted in the suspension of all conservation activities, including the European Union funded Côte d’Ivoire Protected Areas Programme, which provided major funding for the property. For security reasons, all protected area staff were relocated to the Government controlled territory. All of the Park’s equipment was looted and the Park administration buildings and guard posts taken over by these rebel forces. The State Party reports nonetheless that, due to the relative calm in the region, local communities who had fled into the Park have now returned to their camps and villages outside the Park and that, since the terrain is mountainous and difficult, illegal forest and agricultural exploitation has not been reported. However, the report notes that an abundance of bush meat has appeared on the market, suggesting increased poaching.

Although no report was received from the State Party of Guinea, information received by the World Heritage Centre and IUCN indicates that significant progress is being achieved on the Guinean side of the Nimba Mountains, as well as in the Guinean Nimba Mountains Biosphere Reserve.

UNDP confirmed the launch in April 2005 of a long-term US$11 million Global Environment Facility (GEF) funded project, entitled "Conservation of the Biodiversity of the Nimba Mountains through Integrated and Participatory Management". This project, under preparation since 2001 and supported by UNDP, the GEF, the World Heritage Centre, Fauna and Flora International (FFI) and the State Party of Guinea, will seek to reconcile mining and the preservation of the natural resources of the mountains, using an integrated and participatory ecosystem management approach. In addition to the FFI and GEF, Mount Nimba Management Centre (CEGEN) began implementing a project in August 2004 addressing hunting and the bush meat trade in the Guinean Nimba Mountains. This project will develop recommendations and start experimenting alternative activities with hunters of several key villages to eliminate hunting in the Reserve while responding to local dietary and economic needs. In 2004, FFI, with support from the Guinean Government, UNESCO and the Société des Mines de Fer de Guinée, coordinated an action resulting in agricultural colonists leaving the Déré Forest, adjacent to the Nimba Mountains. The forest's boundary was demarcated and key degraded areas were planted with quick growing tree species. However, significant numbers of Ivorians allegedly have now arrived from neighbouring Côte d'Ivoire to re-colonize the area, claiming it as part of Côte d'Ivoire.

Little progress has been possible in co-ordinating transboundary management because of the lack of any effective management authority for the Ivorian portion of the property. However in Liberia, with support from Conservation International and the United States Government, demarcation of the boundary of the Liberian Nimba Nature Reserve is imminent. This will be accompanied by village meetings to raise awareness of the existence of the Nature Reserve, restoration of key degraded areas, and installation of basic infrastructure and posting of staff from the Liberian Forestry Development Authority.

At its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004), the Committee invited the State Party of Liberia to consider an extension of the property when preparing its Tentative List. The State Party did request International Assistance in 2004 for capacity building and to prepare its Tentative List. However, the objectives of the request were not clearly focused and required reformulation. The State Party has not yet resubmitted the reformulated request.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2005
29 COM 7A.3
Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (Côte d'Ivoire/Guinea)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-05/29.COM/7A,

2. Recalling its Decision 28 COM 15A.5, adopted at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),

3. Regrets that no report was provided by the State Party of Guinea on the state of conservation of the property and on the status of the planned mining exploration activities;

4. Reiterates its request to the State Party of Guinea to report on the status of the restarting of mining activities in the mining enclave by the Euronimba consortium, including relevant information on the potential impacts of such activities to the integrity of the property;

5. Commends the State Party of Guinea, UNDP, GEF, the World Heritage Centre and Fauna and Flora International for their efforts in the development and approval of project "Conservation of the Biodiversity of the Nimba Mountains through Integrated and Participatory Management";

6. Expresses its concern that the part of the property located in Côte d’Ivoire is no longer under the control of the State Party and urges all parties engaged in the conflict in Côte d’Ivoire to ensure the conservation of the property and its effective transboundary management, as soon as the current situation allows it;

7. Requests the States Parties of Côte d’Ivoire and Guinea to submit by 1 February 2006 an updated report on the state of conservation of the property for examination by the Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006);

8. Decides to retain Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (Côte d'Ivoire/Guinea) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

29 COM 8C.2
New World Heritage List in Danger

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined the of state of conservation reports of properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-05/29.COM/7A and WHC-05/29.COM/7A.Add),

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:

  • Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (Afghanistan)(Decision 29 COM 7A.20)
  • Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley (Afghanistan)(Decision 29 COM 7A.21)
  • Tipasa (Algeria) (Decision 29 COM 7A.16)
  • Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (Azerbaijan) (Decision 29 COM 7A.28)
  • Royal Palaces of Abomey (Benin) (Decision 29 COM 7A.13)
  • Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (Central African Republic)(Decision 29 COM 7A.1)
  • Comoé National Park (Côte d'Ivoire) (Decision 29 COM 7A.2)
  • Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (Côte d'Ivoire/Guinea) (Decision 29 COM 7A.3)
  • Okapi Wildlife Reserve (Democratic Rep. of the Congo) (Decision 29 COM 7A.5)
  • Kahuzi-Biega National Park (Democratic Rep. of the Congo) (Decision 29 COM 7A.5)
  • Virunga National Park (Democratic Rep. of the Congo) (Decision 29 COM 7A.5)
  • Garamba National Park (Democratic Rep. of the Congo) (Decision 29 COM 7A.5)
  • Salonga National Park (Democratic Rep. of the Congo) (Decision 29 COM 7A.5)
  • Abu Mena (Egypt) (Decision 29 COM 7A.17)
  • Simien National Park (Ethiopia) (Decision 29 COM 7A.4)
  • Cologne Cathedral (Germany) (Decision 28 COM 7A.29)
  • Río Plátano Biosphere Reserve (Honduras) (Decision 29 COM 7A.12)
  • Group of Monuments at Hampi (India) (Decision 29 COM 7A.22)
  • Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (India) (Decision 29 COM 7A.9)
  • Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Islamic Republic of Iran) (Decision 29 COM 7A.23)
  • Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) (Iraq) (Decision 29 COM 7A.18)
  • Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (Jerusalem) (Decision 29 COM 7A.31)
  • Kathmandu Valley (Nepal ) (Decision 29 COM 7A.24)
  • Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (Niger) (Decision 29 COM 7A.6)
  • Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (Pakistan) (Decision 29 COM 7A.25)
  • Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) (Decision 29 COM 7A.30)
  • Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Philippines) (Decision 29 COM 7A.26)
  • Djoudj National Bird Sanctuary (Senegal) (Decision 29 COM 7A.7)
  • Ichkeul National Park (Tunisia) (Decision 29 COM 7A.8)
  • Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (United Republic of Tanzania) (Decision 28 COM 7A.15)
  • Everglades National Park (United States of America) (Decision 29 COM 7A.10)
  • Historic Town of Zabid (Yemen) (Decision 29 COM 7A.19)

Draft Decision: 29 COM 7A.3

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-05/29.COM/7A,

2. Recalling its Decision 28 COM 15A.5, adopted at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),

3. Regrets that no report was provided by the State Party of Guinea on the state of conservation of the property and on the status of the planned mining exploration activities;

4. Commends the State Party of Guinea, UNDP, GEF, the World Heritage Centre and Fauna and Flora International for their efforts in the development and approval of project "Conservation of the Biodiversity of the Nimba Mountains through Integrated and Participatory Management";

5. Expresses its concern that the part of the property located in Côte d’Ivoire is no longer under the control of such State Party and urges all parties engaged in the conflict in Côte d’Ivoire to ensure the conservation of the property;

6. Reiterates its request to the State Party of Guinea to report on the status of the restarting of mining activities in the mining enclave by the Euronimba consortium, including relevant information on the potential impacts to the integrity of the property;

7. Invites the State Party of Liberia to resubmit a revised request for International Assistance to help prepare its Tentative List, and seek guidance where necessary from the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;

8. Requests the State Parties of Côte d’Ivoire and Guinea to submit by 1 February 2006 an updated report on the state of conservation of the property for examination by the Committee at its 30th session in 2006;

9. Decides to retain Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Report year: 2005
Côte d'Ivoire Guinea
Date of Inscription: 1981
Category: Natural
Criteria: (ix)(x)
Danger List (dates): 1992-present
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 29COM (2005)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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