State of Conservation (SOC)
Ichkeul National Park (2007)
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds
International Assistance granted to the property
Requests Approved: 0
Total Amount Ap proved: 90,000USD
|1991||Consultancy, equipment, design and construction costs for a ...||40,000 USD|
|1989||Financial contribution to the preparation of exhibits for the ...||20,000 USD|
|1981||Study on Ichkeul National Park||30,000 USD|
1999: UNESCO/IUCN/Ramsar mission; 2000: IUCN/Ramsar mission; 2002: IUCN mission; June 2006: UNESCO/IUCN mission
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
a) Adverse impacts of dam construction;
b) Inadequate water flows for maintaining biological system;
c) Inadequate management structure;
d) No management plan.
Current conservation issues
A joint UNESCO/IUCN mission took place from 31 May to 2 June 2006. The results of the mission were presented orally to the 30th session of the Committee (Vilnius, 2006). The mission reported excellent progress in improving the State of Conservation of the property and in the implementation of the corrective measures. The significant increase in the direct inflow of water into the lake ecosystem had resulted in a reduction in the level of salinity and permitted a gradual restoration of the ecosystem. Whilst the increase in water inflow so far had been mainly the result of increased rainfall over the past 4 years, the State Party had recognized the need to provide Ichkeul with fresh water, recognizing it as a net water consumer. As a result, the Committee decided to remove the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger. The mission noted however that there was still a need to develop an integrated and autonomous and adequately funded management structure, and to finalize and adopt the management plan.
As requested by the Committee, the State Party organised in January 2007 a workshop to discuss the recommendations of the 2006 mission, in which UNESCO and IUCN participated. The workshop made the following recommendations:
a) Management structure:
(i) Create a management structure with decision-making powers;
(ii) Establish a Consultative Scientific Council with the goal of guiding the discussion on the structure of management;
(iii) These two elements should form an integral part of the Management and Operations Plan;
b) Water management:
(i) Integrate water management as a principal and fundamental element of the Management and Operations Plan (MOP);
(ii) Ensure the objectives of the MOP focus on the conservation measures by taking into account the Outstanding Universal Value of the site;
(iii) Ensure the careful use of water discharging from the Sidi Barrak Dam;
(iv) Ensure that measures are put in place to restore the ecological functioning of the Joumine Wadi inside the Park;
c) Scientific research and monitoring:
Collect and store scientific data and reports relating to Ichkeul in a central location to enable their analysis; in particular, for the census of winter waterfowl and for mountain birds;
Continue and complete monitoring, in particular relating to lake sedimentation;
d) Social aspects:
(i) Ensure that there are public campaigns to raise awareness of the values of the Park (above all with the inhabitants of the Park and its surroundings);
(ii) Facilitate the production of both accessible and scientific documents in Arabic.
The State Party submitted on 31 January 2007 a report on the state of conservation of the property and on progress with regard to the completion of the corrective measures.
Despite having a year of below average rainfall, favourable conditions for the ecosystems were maintained, for the fourth consecutive year. This has had a positive impact on the wetland vegetation, resulting in a significant return of wintering migratory birds over 120,000. These results are presented in the Park’s 2005/2006 scientific report.
The State Party has reported the following progress in implementing the recommendations of the 2006 monitoring mission:
a) Management plan: a joint Tunisian-German research group is developing a participatory Operations and Management Plan for Ichkeul National Park. This plan was discussed during the January 2007 workshop;
b) The first results from the updated mathematical models for management and forecasting will be available in June 2007, and the models will be re-launched to be operational for the next annual hydrological cycle;
c) The population of the park has actively participated in the identification of pressures and proposed actions for the Community Development Plan;
d) Existing scientific monitoring activities continue to be carried out by the National Agency for the Protection of the Environment (ANPE);
e) Measures to strengthen institutional capacity for park managers and those involved in community development were carried out in 2005;
f) Research contracts have been signed with university departments and research institutions in order to improve the scientific and ecological knowledge of wildlife and vegetation in the park; and
g) A plan of action has been prepared to raise public awareness, which includes plans to produce educational materials, promote ecotourism, and establish five
The State Party has yet to complete the establishment of the autonomous and permanent management structure, and the participatory management plan. Although the State Party reported that the wetland ecosystems were functioning and that migratory bird numbers have increased, there was no information on the volume of annual inflow achieved.
Link to the decision
Le Comité du patrimoine mondial,
1. Ayant examiné le document WHC-07/31.COM/7B,
2. Rappelant la décision 30 COM 7A.12, adoptée à sa 30e session (Vilnius, 2006),
3. Note avec satisfaction que l'État partie a organisé avec succès l'atelier requis par le Comité à sa 30e session (Vilnius, 2006) pour discuter des recommandations de la mission de suivi de 2006 et qu'il a avancé dans la planification de la gestion des ressources;
4. Demande à l'État partie d'achever et de soumettre le plan de gestion du bien au Centre du patrimoine mondial et à l'UICN, ainsi que le rapport annuel de suivi scientifique, les informations sur le Comité de l'Agenda 21 et la création de l'organe de gestion permanent et autonome;
5. Demande aussi à l'État partie de soumettre au Centre du patrimoine mondial avant le 1er février 2008 un rapport actualisé sur la mise en œuvre des recommandations de la mission de suivi de 2006 et les recommandations de l'atelier de 2007, pour examen par le Comité du patrimoine mondial à sa 32e session en 2008.
Draft Decision: 31 COM 7B.13
The World Heritage Committee,
1. Having examined Document WHC-07/31.COM/7B,
2. Recalling Decision 30 COM 7A.12 adopted at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006),
3. Notes with satisfaction that the State Party has successfully organised the workshop requested by the Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006) to discuss the recommendations of the 2006 monitoring mission, and made progress in planning for the management of resources;
4. Urges the State Party to report on the annual flow received by the property to ensure that the average annual range from the benchmarks of 80-120 cubic metres is achieved;
5. Requests the State Party to complete and submit the Management Plan of the property to the World Heritage Centre and IUCN, together with the annual report of scientific monitoring, information on the Agenda 21 Committee and the establishment of the autonomous and permanent management structure;
6. Also requests the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre with an updated report by 1 February 2009 on the implementation of the recommendations of the 2006 monitoring mission and the recommendations of the 2007 workshop, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 33rd session in 2009.
Ichkeul National Park
- Water infrastructure
- Management systems/ management plan
- Other Threats:
Other Documents:View inscribed site documents, nomination file, reports, decisions, ...
SOC ID: 975
Inscription on the Danger ListYear: 1996 -2006
Threats to the Site:
The Park was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger during the 20th session of the Committee (1996) as a result of significant deterioration in the characteristics for which the site was inscribed.
The construction of three dams on rivers supplying Lake Ichkeul and its marshes has cut off almost all inflow of fresh water, causing a destructive increase in the salinity of the lake and marshes.
Reed beds, sedges and other fresh-water plant species have been replaced by halophytic plants, with a consequent sharp reduction in the migratory bird populations dependent on the habitat the lake formerly provided. According to IUCN, all reed-dependent species such as purple heron, purple gallinule and reed warblers have disappeared.
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).