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Serengeti National Park

United Republic of Tanzania
Factors affecting the property in 2007*
  • Illegal activities
  • Water infrastructure
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Potential impacts of a hydro-electric project in Kenya;

b) Poaching.

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2007
Requests approved: 4 (from 1989-1999)
Total amount approved : 59,500 USD
Missions to the property until 2007**

No monitoring missions, but various activities under the “Enhancing Our Heritage” project have been undertaken, including a field visit in September 2005. 

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2007

A report was received from the State Party in February 2007, providing information on the status of a lodge development in Bilia, as requested by the Committee at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006). The report clarified that because the Bilia lodge development is in a protected area a full Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is mandatory under Tanzanian law. The Institute of Resource Assessment of the University of Dar es Salaam completed the final EIA report in April 2006, which suggested options for mitigation measures and the report was provided to the World Heritage Centre and IUCN. The lodge is currently under construction. The Serengeti National Park is closely monitoring the construction to ensure that there is no violation of the EIA recommendations, and has not observed any adverse impact of the project on the environment.

The World Heritage Centre and IUCN note that the summary and conclusions of the EIA report, page 19, identify key potential issues of the lodge development to include changes in surface and ground water quality, and incompatibility with the property’s General Management Plan and the Tanzanian National Park’s policies. The World Heritage Centre and IUCN are particularly concerned that the issue of the lodge drawing on limited water resources in a region of water scarcity may threaten wildlife and functioning of the ecosystems. The World Heritage Centre and IUCN note that the EIA report recommends studying these impacts, and would welcome copies of the recommended study reports, in particular those related to water:

(i) detailed hydrological survey to ascertain the quantity of water available in the aquifers before allowing more lodges to drill more boreholes (EIA, page 13)

(ii) detailed study to determine amount of water that will be left for environmental flows (as a result of the expansion of water intake at the Borogonja springs - EIA, page 13)

 

The World Heritage Centre and IUCN would also welcome further information on the mitigation measures to be implemented and a timetable for their implementation and how the park management is ensuring sustainable levels of visitors and preventing overcrowding, particularly in sensitive areas.

The State Party also commented on the value of the General Management Plan of the Park in providing useful guidance in daily operations and management decisions. The managers of the property continue to work closely with the UNESCO-IUCN-UNF Enhancing our Heritage project.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2007
31 COM 7B.10
State of conservation of World Heritage Properties - Serengeti National Park

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-07/31.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 30 COM 7B.7, adopted at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006),

3.Notes with concern the potential impact of lodge development on the water resources in the property;

4.Urges the State Party to ensure that the water resource studies recommended by the EIA studies are carried out as quickly as possible; and to provide copies of these studies to the World Heritage Centre and IUCN;

5.Requests the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2009 with an updated report on the state of conservation of the property including information on water mitigation measures, progress in following the EIA recommendations, and visitor management for examination by the Committee at its 33rd session in 2009.

Draft Decision: 31 COM 7B.10

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-07/31.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 30 COM 7B.7, adopted at its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006),

3. Notes with concern the potential impact of lodge development on the water resources in the property;

4. Urges the State Party to ensure that the water resource studies recommended by the EIA studies are carried out as quickly as possible; and to provide copies of these studies to the World Heritage Centre and IUCN;

5. Requests the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre by 1 February 2009 with an updated report on the state of conservation of the property including information on water mitigation measures, progress in following the EIA recommendations, and visitor management for examination by the Committee at its 33rd session in 2009. 

Report year: 2007
United Republic of Tanzania
Date of Inscription: 1981
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 31COM (2007)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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