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Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works

Chile
Factors affecting the property in 2009*
  • Deliberate destruction of heritage
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Wind
  • Other Threats:

    Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction ; Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years ; Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings, such as the Leaching house, are liable to structural collapse if no support is given ; Very little conservation work carried out

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings that were constructed using local materials such as timber for frames, corrugated iron sheets for roofs and some walls, in addition to stucco and lightweight construction;

b) Lack of maintenance over the past 40 years as well as vandalism at the property;

c) Corrosion of metal cladding and dismantlement of some of the structural elements. A few buildings, such as the Leaching house, are liable to structural collapse if no support is given;

d) Very little conservation work carried out;

e) Damage caused by the wind. 

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
  • Extremely fragile nature of the industrial buildings;
  • Lack of maintenance for 40 years;
  • Vandalism due to looting of re-usable materials;
  • Damage caused by the wind. 
Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

The State Party is preparing a Desired state of conservation that will be submitted to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies.

Corrective Measures for the property

a) Establishment of the management team with adequate human and financial resources;

b) Structural consolidation and rehabilitation works for several emblematic buildings, such as the public buildings, the housing sector and the industrial zone buildings, using available materials within the property;

c) Security measures for the visitors in some buildings, such as those located in the industrial zone;

d) Specific regulations for the buffer zone.

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

a) The work plan for the first phase includes security measures for visitors, cleaning and selection of materials, and low cost corrective measures. The second phase foresees the urgent structural consolidation of all the identified buildings which should be done by 2009;

b) The implementation of the work plan is depending on the availability of funds. 

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2009
Requests approved: 1 (from 2007-2007)
Total amount approved : 30,000 USD
Missions to the property until 2009**

October 2004: ICOMOS Evaluation mission; May 2007: World Heritage Centre site visit

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2009

Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter works was inscribed on the World Heritage List and on List of World Heritage in Danger in 2005 due to the fragile state of conservation of the buildings, derived from lack of maintenance, natural conditions and social factors including looting.

On 26 February 2009, the State Party submitted a report to indicate progress made to in regard to the implementation of corrective measures.

 

a) Establishment of the management team with adequate human and financial resources

The State Party reports that a study will be undertaken in 2009 to update the management plan, terms of reference for what is foreseen as a participatory process are being developed. The study will be financed by the Programa Puesta en Valor del Patrimonio. No indication for the timeframe for revising the plan is provided and no indication of when to expect a functioning management system.

 

b) Structural consolidation and rehabilitation works for several emblematic buildings, such as the public buildings, the housing sector and the industrial zone buildings, using available materials within the property

The State Party reports that the assessment and the projects for structural interventions at 19 buildings will be finalised at the end of March 2009. The delay in this complex process is explained by the lack of technical expertise to both carry out the assessment and define sound intervention programmes. Upon finalisation of the current diagnostic phase, the State Party will provide a timeframe for implementation of such interventions.  It also indicates that a final report on all the projects funded through International Assistance will be submitted upon completion.

 

c) Security measures for the visitors in some buildings, such as those located in the industrial zone

Systematic clearing and ordering of the industrial area has been carried out, which has allowed for better knowledge and developing a cadastre of the areas. A project is foreseen for implementation in 2009 to address the perimeter enclosure of the Humberstone and Santa Laura offices. No indication is otherwise provided on specific security measures for visitors.

 

d) Specific regulations for the buffer zone

A meeting was held in September 2008 with the local authorities to start working on the regulations for the area. The National Monuments Council committed itself to hiring a consultant to develop a preliminary proposal for regulations during 2009.

The State Party also indicates that with the new proposal to re-route Route A-16 entails that the southern edge of the delimited and protected area will need to be modified. The area under discussion is the equivalent of 60 hectares and the State Party considers that it corresponds to a sector with low heritage significance and would not affect the integrity or authenticity of the inscribed property. It is reported that information required for a minor boundary change will be presented shortly for evaluation.

 

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, in spite the efforts made by the State Party, remain concerned about the rate of progress in securing the physical conservation of the industrial buildings within the inscribed property, particularly in light of the insufficiency of technical expertise indicated by the State Party to address the issue comprehensively. In addition, the establishment of a functioning management system and application of regulatory measures for the buffer zone are still in the planning stages which entails a significant time lapse before effective implementation.

 

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2009
33 COM 7A.28
Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (Chile) (C 1178)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-09/33.COM/7A,

2. Recalling Decision 32 COM 7A.28 adopted at its 32nd session (Quebec City, 2008),

3. Notes the progress made in implementing the Priority Interventions Programme;

4. Requests the State Party to finalize the assessment phase and to begin interventions on buildings at risk and to secure the required resources for effective implementation, to revise the management plan and to finalise the definition of regulatory measures for the buffer zone;

5. Invites the State Party to consider another request for International Assistance to invite experts who could assist in developing a concept for interventions, especially the most urgent structural consolidation and conservation measures required and provide training to the conservation team on site;

6. Requests the State Party to submit the intervention proposals to the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS for evaluation prior to implementation;

7. Reiterates its request to the State Party to develop, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value, for examination by the World Heritage Committee;

8. Also reiterates its request to the State Party to develop, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, a proposal for the desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session in 2010;

9. Also requests the State Party to submit the required documentation for boundary modifications, including appropriate cartography, for approval by the World Heritage Committee;

10. Further requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS/ICCROM monitoring mission to the property to assess progress and to support the State Party in continuing to develop approaches to ensure the stability and long-term conservation of the industrial buildings, and to review the draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value ;

11. Requests furthermore the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2010, a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property and on the progress made in the implementation of the above recommendations, for the examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session in 2010;

12. Decides to retain the Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (Chile) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

33 COM 8C.2
Update of the List of World Heritage in Danger

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following the examination of the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-09/33.COM/7A, WHC-09/33.COM/7A.Add and WHC-09/33.COM/7A.Add.2, WHC-09/33.COM/7A.Corr),

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:

  • Afghanistan, Minaret and Archaeological Remains of Jam (Decision 33 COM 7A.20)
  • Afghanistan, Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley, (Decision 33 COM 7A.21)
  • Central African Republic, Manovo-Gounda St Floris National Park (Decision 33 COM 7A.1)
  • Chile, Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (Decision 33 COM 7A.28)
  • Côte d'Ivoire, Comoé National Park (Decision 33 COM 7A.2)
  • Côte d'Ivoire / Guinea, Mount Nimba Strict Nature Reserve (Decision 33 COM 7A.3)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Virunga National Park (Decision 33 COM 7A.4)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Kahuzi-Biega National Park (Decision 33 COM 7A.5)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Garamba National Park (Decision 33 COM 7A.6)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Salonga National Park (Decision 33 COM 7A.7)
  • Democratic Rep. of the Congo, Okapi Wildlife Reserve (Decision 33 COM 7A.8)
  • Ecuador, Galápagos Islands (Decision 33 COM 7A.13)
  • Egypt, Abu Mena (Decision 33 COM 7A.15)
  • Ethiopia, Simien National Park (Decision 33 COM 7A.9)
  • India, Manas Wildlife Sanctuary (Decision 33 COM 7A.12)
  • Iraq, Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) (Decision 33 COM 7A.16)
  • Iraq, Samarra Archaeological City (Decision 33 COM 7A.17)
  • Islamic Republic of Iran, Bam and its Cultural Landscape (Decision 33 COM 7A.22)
  • Jerusalem, Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls (Decision 33 COM 7A.18)
  • Niger, Air and Ténéré Natural Reserves (Decision 33 COM 7A.10)
  • Pakistan, Fort and Shalamar Gardens in Lahore (Decision 33 COM 7A.23)
  • Peru, Chan Chan Archaelogical Zone (Decision 33 COM 7A.29)
  • Philippines, Rice Terraces of the Philippine Cordilleras (Decision 33 COM 7A.24)
  • Senegal, Niokolo Koba National Park (Decision 33 COM 7A.11)
  • Serbia, Medieval Monuments in Kosovo (Decision 33 COM 7A.27)
  • United Republic of Tanzania, Ruins of Kilwa Kisiwani and Ruins of Songo Mnara (Decision 33 COM 7A.14)
  • Venezuela, Coro and its Port (Decision 33 COM 7A.30)
  • Yemen, Historic Town of Zabid (Decision 33 COM 7A.19 )
Draft Decision: 33 COM 7A.28

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-09/33.COM/7A,

2. Recalling Decision 32 COM 7A.28 adopted at its 32nd session (Quebec City, 2008),

3. Regrets that the State Party did not submit its report in one of the two working languages of the World Heritage Convention (French and English);

4. Notes the progress made in implementing the Priority Interventions Programme and urges the State Party to finalise the assessment phase to begin interventions in buildings at risk and to secure the required resources for effective implementation, to revise the management plan and to finalise the definition of regulatory measures for the buffer zone;

5. Requests the State Party to submit the intervention proposals to the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS for evaluation prior to implementation;

6. Reiterates its request to the State Party to develop, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, a draft Statement of outstanding universal value, including the conditions of authenticity and integrity; for examination by the World Heritage Committee;

7. Also requests the State Party to submit the required documentation for boundary modifications, including appropriate cartography, for approval by the World Heritage Committee;

8. Further requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS monitoring mission to the property to assess progress and to support the State Party in continuing to develop approaches to ensure the stability and long-term conservation of the industrial buildings, to review the draft Statement of outstanding universal value including the conditions of authenticity and integrity and finalize the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger and revise the timeframe;

9. Requests furthermore the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2010, a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property and on the progress made in the implementation of the above recommendations, for the examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session in 2010;

10. Decides to retain the Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Works (Chile) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.  

Report year: 2009
Chile
Date of Inscription: 2005
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (ii)(iii)(iv)
Danger List (dates): 2005-2019
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 33COM (2009)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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