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National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers

Haiti
Factors affecting the property in 2018*
  • Earthquake
  • Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Management systems/ management plan (lack of conservation, management and risk preparedness plans)
  • Water damage (issue resolved)
  • Vandalism (issue resolved)
  • Earthquake vulnerability
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
  • Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds until 2018

Total amount granted: USD 14,780 for the July 2010 Technical Mission partially funded by the Spanish Funds-in-Trust for World Heritage

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2018
Requests approved: 7 (from 1982-2010)
Total amount approved : 246,110 USD
Missions to the property until 2018**

September 2006: UNESCO Havana Office Technical Visit; July 2010: Joint Expert Technical mission; March 2011: UNESCO Preparatory mission for Haiti Donor’s Conference; January 2012: World Heritage Centre Technical mission; March 2012: Multidisciplinary Technical mission; May 2013: ICOMOS mission; May 2013: Multidisciplinary Technical mission; July 2013: Technical Assistance mission World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS; February 2015: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Technical Assistance mission

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018

On 13 December 2017, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, available at http://whc.unesco.org/fr/list/180/documents/, which reported on the following developments:

  • The consultant's terms of reference to provide guidance for the development of the buffer zone of the property were defined, while clarification of the boundaries of the property was carried out in the context of the retrospective inventory exercise;
  • Extensive consultation was conducted for the development of the property’s Management Plan with all institutional partners and the communities residing within and close to the park. A provisional management authority for the Park has been set up, while a proposal for the management structure of the National History Park, Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (HNP-CSSR), was finalized in October 2017 for approval by the Government;
  • A draft conservation plan ("Management, Conservation and Safeguarding Plan of the HNP-CSSR") carried out within the framework of the World Bank project, also contains the terms of reference of the studies for conservation, consolidation, rehabilitation, enhancement and interpretation of the property. As this document focuses exclusively on the monumental component of the property, the State Party has expressed its intention to complete the Plan as regards to the section for the natural component part of the Park;
  • A Sustainable Tourism Plan for the period 2017-2020 was finalized in June 2017 through close collaboration between the Ministries of Culture and Tourism, with the assistance of the technical institutions concerned. The Plan contains objectives aimed at institutional and judicial strengthening for the management, promotion and awareness-raising, and the strengthening of the tourism offer – sustainable tourism, promotion of research and training for institutions and the resources of the Great North, and the promotion of the partnership for sustainable tourism;
  • Concerning the National Road No. 3 (RN003) project, the State Party was able to identify a source of funding for the impact study required by the World Heritage Committee, thanks to the financial support of the European Union, through the Office of the Authorizing Officer of the European Development Fund in Haiti (BONFED). The terms of reference of the study have been established and include analysis of possible impacts on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property. In anticipation of the results, no work has been undertaken on the Park road;
  • The implementation of the World Bank-funded Cultural Heritage Preservation and Tourism Support Project (PAST) continued throughout the period 2016-2017. This project includes support for ISPAN in the development of capacities and management of the property, as well as for concrete conservation and presentation interventions.
Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2018

Certain results indicated in the report submitted by the State Party should be noted. In particular, the finalization of the Sustainable Tourism Plan for the period 2017-2020 is a positive result, which also highlights the necessary collaboration between the Ministry of Culture and the Haitian Ministry of Tourism.

The implementation of the "Development, Conservation and Safeguarding of the HNP-CSSR" also deserves to be noted, although it is still necessary, as indicated in the report provided by the State Party, to complete this plan with a section relating to the natural component of the property.

Finally, it is also noted that the terms of reference relating to the construction studies of the RN003 have been completed, including an environmental and heritage impact study based on the OUV of the property.

However, many delays are still to be regretted in terms of the essential tools for good management of the property, and this despite the partnership established by the State Party with major funders such as the World Bank and the European Union.

It is also regrettable that, to date, the buffer zone has not been established, and that the Management Plan could not be implemented despite numerous consultations, including with the communities. Moreover, it is worrying that the structure in charge of managing the property still remains at the stage of provisional authority. This is all the more worrying as these points have already been addressed in previous decisions of the Committee.

Examination of the terms of reference of the study of the RN003 by ICOMOS shows that this is the third version of the terms of reference proposed in response to the request of the Committee in 2010 to "halt the construction of the RN003 within the limits of the property pending the development of other alternatives to be evaluated” (34 COM 7B.110). However, contrary to previous versions, the new terms of reference, and without this being clarified, retain only one option, the rehabilitation of the RN003 in the crossing of the National History Park, to the standards of a national road.

Thus, these new terms of reference strictly recall the situation observed in 2010 and the concerns that motivated the Committee's initial decision. However, they introduce a new element. This is the construction of a new road within the Park, following the route of an existing road and destined to connect the RN003, in its western section, to the parking area providing access to the Citadel in Choiseul. While it is interesting to exploit other accesses to the Park's monuments, the issue posed by these terms of reference is that of a necessarily motorized access, to the detriment of an action aimed at promoting "soft" modes of discovery of the Park, not only of its monuments, but also of its landscapes, the vernacular built heritage, and the cultural and artisanal practices of the inhabitants.

In conclusion, the new terms of reference do not in any way make it possible to alleviate the concerns already expressed as to the risk that this road infrastructure poses to the Outstanding Universal Value of the property.  No progress appears to have been made in the search for alternative solutions, and the new terms of reference provide no appeasement to fears of major damage caused by this infrastructure to the integrity of the property.

Although some delays may be explained in the context of the State Party's heightened vulnerability, it is recommended that the Committee should stress that the lack of sustainable progress in these areas may jeopardize the OUV of the property.

It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to urgently finalize a proposal for the buffer zone, the management plan, the conservation plan for the entire property, the impact studies of the various technical projects related to the improvement of the road crossing the Park and the deviation of the RN003. It is also recommended that the State Party establishes a permanent structure in charge of the management of the property and submit the above-mentioned relevant documents by 1 December 2019 to the World Heritage Centre for technical review by the Advisory Bodies.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2018
42 COM 7B.39
National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers (Haiti) (C 180)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decisions 34 COM 7B.110, 35 COM 7B.125, 36 COM 99, 37 COM 98, 38 COM 7B.44 and 40 COM 7B.6 adopted respectively at its 34th (Brasilia, 2010), 35th (UNESCO, 2011), 36th (Saint Petersburg, 2012), 37th (Phnom Penh, 2013), 38th (Doha, 2014) and 40th (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016) sessions,
  3. Recalling also the numerous reports of the Advisory and Reactive Monitoring missions and their recommendations to the State Party on the conservation and management of the property;
  4. Takes note of the realization of a sustainable tourism plan and the Development, Conservation and Safeguarding Plan of the National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci (HNP-CSSR) for the monumental part of the property;
  5. Expresses, however, its deepest concern about the lack of significant progress in the implementation of the essential tools for good management and conservation of the property, such as the definition of the buffer zone, the finalization of the conservation and management plan and the establishment of a permanent management structure;
  6. Notes with deep concern that the question of the deviation of Road RN003 is still not satisfactorily resolved and that the terms of reference for the study of Road RN003 seem to retain exclusively a crossing of the Park and not a bypass and;
    1. Reiterates Decision 34 COM 7B.110, that requested the State Party to "halt the construction of the RN003 within the limits of the property pending the development of other alternatives to be evaluated, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines";
    2. Requests the State Party to confirm that the future route of the RN003 will not pass through the property because it would seriously affect its integrity, and to inform the Committee as soon as possible if and when the necessary studies for a deviation will be made;
    3. Recalls Decision 40 COM 7B.6, that requests the State Party "to submit to the World Heritage Centre, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, the technical project for the improvement of the existing road within the Park, including its route, the engineering work for the canalization of the river, the type of asphalt and the width of the road, for review by the Advisory Bodies before any works are undertaken”;
    4. Notes that the terms of reference indicate the possibility of transforming the road located in the property, from the RN003 road to the Choiseul parking area, and requests the State Party to ensure that this route will not affect the OUV of the property;
  7. Notes with concern that the delays in the finalization of these actions and tools could ultimately constitute a potential danger to the OUV of the property, in accordance with Paragraph 179 of the Operational Guidelines;
  8. Urges the State Party to provide by 1 February 2019 an electronic version of the management and conservation plan, as well as a proposal for the establishment of a buffer zone for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
  9. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.
42 COM 8D
Clarifications of property boundaries and areas by States Parties

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/8D,
  2. Recalling Decision 41 COM 8D, adopted at its 41st session (Krakow, 2017),
  3. Acknowledges the excellent work accomplished by States Parties in the clarification of the boundaries of their World Heritage properties and commends them for their efforts to improve the credibility of the World Heritage List;
  4. Recalls that the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies are not able to examine proposals for minor or significant modifications to boundaries of World Heritage properties whenever the delimitations of such properties as inscribed remain unclear;
  5. Takes note of the clarifications of property boundaries and areas provided by the States Parties as presented in the Annex of Document WHC/18/42.COM/8D:

    ARAB STATES

    • Libya, Archaeological Site of Cyrene
    • Libya, Archaeological Site of Leptis Magna
    • Libya, Archaeological Site of Sabratha
    • Libya, Old Town of Ghadamès
    • Libya, Rock-Art Sites of Tadrart Acacus

    EUROPE AND NORTH AMERICA

    • Netherlands, Defence Line of Amsterdam
    • Spain, Ibiza, Biodiversity and Culture

    LATIN AMERICA AND THE CARIBBEAN

    • Haiti, National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci, Ramiers
    • Mexico, Pre-Hispanic Town of Uxmal;
  6. Requests the States Parties which have not yet answered the questions raised in the framework of the Retrospective Inventory to provide all clarifications and documentation as soon as possible, and by 1 December 2018 at the latest, for their subsequent examination, if the technical requirements are met, by the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session in 2019.
Draft Decision: 42 COM 7B.39

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decisions 34 COM 7B.110, 35 COM 7B.125, 36 COM 99, 37 COM 98, 38 COM 7B.44 and 40 COM 7B.6 adopted respectively at its 34th (Brasilia, 2010), 35th (UNESCO, 2011), 36th (Saint Petersburg, 2012), 37th (Phnom Penh, 2013), 38th (Doha, 2014) and 40th (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016) sessions,
  3. Recalling also the numerous reports of the Advisory and Reactive Monitoring missions and their recommendations to the State Party on the conservation and management of the property;
  4. Takes note of the realization of a sustainable tourism plan and the Development, Conservation and Safeguarding Plan of the National History Park – Citadel, Sans Souci (HNP-CSSR) for the monumental part of the property;
  5. Expresses, however, its deepest concern about the lack of significant progress in the implementation of the essential tools for good management and conservation of the property, such as the definition of the buffer zone, the finalization of the conservation and management plan and the establishment of a permanent management structure;
  6. Notes with deep concern that the question of the deviation of Road RN003 is still not satisfactorily resolved and that the terms of reference for the study of Road RN003 seem to retain exclusively a crossing of the Park and not a bypass and;
    1. Reiterates Decision 34 COM 7B.110, that requested the State Party to "halt the construction of the RN003 within the limits of the property pending the development of other alternatives to be evaluated, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines";
    2. Requests the State Party to confirm that the future route of the RN003 will not pass through the property because it would seriously affect its integrity, and to inform the Committee as soon as possible if and when the necessary studies for a deviation will be made;
    3. Recalls Decision 40 COM 7B.6, that requests the State Party "to submit to the World Heritage Centre, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, the technical project for the improvement of the existing road within the Park, including its route, the engineering work for the canalization of the river, the type of asphalt and the width of the road, for review by the Advisory Bodies before any works are undertaken”;
    4. Notes that the terms of reference indicate the possibility of transforming the road located in the property, from the RN003 road to the Choiseul parking area, and requests the State Party to ensure that this route will not affect the OUV of the property;
  7. Notes with concern that the delays in the finalization of these actions and tools could ultimately constitute a potential danger to the OUV of the property, in accordance with Paragraph 179 of the Operational Guidelines;
  8. Urges the State Party to provide by 1 February 2019 an electronic version of the management and conservation plan, as well as a proposal for the establishment of a buffer zone for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
  9. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.
Report year: 2018
Haiti
Date of Inscription: 1982
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iv)(vi)
Documents examined by the Committee
SOC Report by the State Party
Report (2017) .pdf
arrow_circle_right 42COM (2018)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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