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Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata

Italy
Factors affecting the property in 2017*
  • Financial resources
  • Housing
  • Human resources
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Management activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Solid waste
  • Other Threats:

    Series of structural collapses at the property

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • A series of structural collapses at the property
  • Building projects in the vicinity of the property
  • Management system
  • Inadequate restoration and maintenance; lack of skills
  • Inadequate funding
  • Ineffective drainage systems
  • Visitor pressure
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds until 2017

Total amount granted: USD 183 487: Italian Funds-in-Trust

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2017
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 2017**

December 2010 and January 2011: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Advisory mission; January 2013: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; November 2014: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission 

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2017

On 1 December 2016, the State Party submitted a progress report on the state of conservation of the property, as well as the completed Management Plan. Both documents are available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/829/documents/.  Progress in a number of conservation issues addressed by the Committee at its previous sessions is presented in this report as follows:

  • Progress has been reported with the extension of the Grande Progetto Pompei (GPP) and the allocation of financial resources. Works to safeguard and restore the five buildings have been commissioned and are partly ongoing;
  • Most legal issues have been resolved, allowing for the consolidation works of the Schola Armaturarum, and the visitor access to the Antiquarium was opened in April 2016. The dispute concerning the completion of the store building at Porta Nola has yet to be resolved;
  • Further progress has also been made with the extensive drainage works, namely in the Regions III and IX which are nearing completion;
  • Mitigation measures for hydrogeological risks in the Regions I, III, IX, IV and V will commence in the first quarter of 2017;
  • The functions of the General Project Manager and activities of the support structure are maintained until 31 January 2019;
  • The project for the new visitor centre building is being developed and will be provided to the World Heritage Centre. The design takes into account the archaeological surroundings and the discovery of the sea-facing facade of the Villa A at Oplontis.

A request for a minor boundary modification, including a proposed change to the buffer zone, was resubmitted to the World Heritage Centre, in accordance with the recommendations of the Decision 38 COM 8B.51. It was considered incomplete by the Secretariat, who advised the State Party on a future submission.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2017

The State Party’s efforts to address the conservation and management issues have led to substantial improvements of the property. Overall, the Management Plan has many excellent features and is an improvement on the previous draft seen by ICOMOS. However, there are still some major gaps in its content. In particular, the management of the property is not linked to the protection of Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) through use of the draft Statement of OUV or the identification of attributes. There is a lack of detail about the condition of the components and the Action Plan or programme of works need further improvement. The Management Plan also identifies some issues relating to the management structure for the property.

The creation of an independent Herculaneum Archaeological Park at first sight appears to weaken the overall management of this serial property, and clarification is needed on how effective coordinated management will be achieved. It would also be helpful to have more clarification on how coordination is achieved between the site managers and the Great Pompei Unit, which is responsible for what happens in the buffer zone and more widely. A clear statement on where responsibility lies for the implementation of the Management Plan is highly desirable.

While the prolongation of the GPP until 2019 and the extensive financial contributions are very much welcome, it is essential that beyond 2019 long-term resources, both human and financial, are identified and ensured to adequately deal with the continuing needs for conservation and visitor management at the property. The inclusion of the five threatened buildings within the GPP is noted, and it is hoped that consolidation and restoration works progress according to schedule. Justifiably, the structural stability of the buildings at the property receive priority treatment, however, it is recommended that the Committee encourage the State Party to develop a programme for long-term conservation and restoration of the decorative surfaces.

The State Party has resolved almost all legal issues and the necessary safeguarding, and restoration works at Schola Armaturarum have been commenced. It is recommended that the Committee also encourage the State Party to continue to resolve the remaining issue at Porta Nola, in order to complete the conservation of the major storage building.

Works to address the drainage issues in Regions III and IX have almost been completed. It is recommended that these works be carefully monitored and that the mitigation measures in the Regions I, III and IX, IV and V of the archaeological site be shared with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies.

It is further recommended that the design for the service building at Villa A of Torre Annunziata be sent as soon as possible to the World Heritage Centre, for review by the Advisory Bodies.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2017
41 COM 7B.47
Archaeological Areas of Pompei, Herculaneum and Torre Annunziata (Italy) (C 829)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/17/41.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 39 COM 7B.80, adopted at its 39th session (Bonn, 2015),
  3. Acknowledges the efforts of the State Party to address the conservation and management issues that have led to substantial improvements of the state of conservation of the property;
  4. Noting the improvements made to the Management Plan, requests the State Party to address the following issues, which need further clarification, detail and further improvement:
    1. The linking of the management of the property to the protection of Outstanding Universal Value (OUV),
    2. The condition of the components and the Action Plan or programme of works,
    3. The coordinated management between the site managers and the Great Pompei Unit and the responsibility for the implementation of the Management Plan;
  5. Welcomes the prolongation of the Grande Progetto Pompei (GPP) until 2019 and the extensive financial contributions, and also requests the State Party to ensure that both human and financial resources are identified beyond 2019, to adequately deal with the continuing needs for conservation and visitor management at the property;
  6. Also welcomes the consolidation and restoration works of the five threatened buildings within the GPP, and encourages the State Party to develop a programme for long-term conservation and restoration of decorative surfaces;
  7. Also encourages the State Party to continue to resolve the remaining issue at Porta Nola, in order to complete the conservation of the major storage building;
  8. Notes the progress reported on drainage works, and further requests the State Party to carefully monitor the mitigation measures foreseen in the Regions I, III, IX, IV and V of the archaeological site and provide results to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  9. Requests furthermore the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre with the design for the service building at Villa A of Torre Annunziata, as soon as possible, for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  10. Requests moreover the State Party to provide more detailed information and clarifications on the coordinated management of the Herculaneum Archaeological Park, the Great Pompei Unit and the Torre Annunziata;
  11. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2018, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination of the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session in 2019.
Draft Decision: 41 COM 7B.47

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/17/41.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 39 COM 7B.80, adopted at its 39th session (Bonn, 2015),
  3. Acknowledges the efforts of the State Party to address the conservation and management issues that have led to substantial improvements of the state of conservation of the property;
  4. Noting the improvements made to the Management Plan, requests the State Party to address the following issues, which need further clarification, detail and further improvement:
    1. The linking of the management of the property to the protection of Outstanding Universal Value (OUV),
    2. The condition of the components and the Action Plan or programme of works,
    3. The coordinated management between the site managers and the Great Pompei Unit and the responsibility for the implementation of the Management Plan;
  5. Welcomes the prolongation of the Grande Progetto Pompei (GPP) until 2019 and the extensive financial contributions, and also requests the State Party to ensure that both human and financial resources are identified beyond 2019, to adequately deal with the continuing needs for conservation and visitor management at the property;
  6. Also welcomes the consolidation and restoration works of the five threatened buildings within the GPP, and encourages the State Party to develop a programme for long-term conservation and restoration of decorative surfaces;
  7. Also encourages the State Party to continue to resolve the remaining issue at Porta Nola, in order to complete the conservation of the major storage building;
  8. Notes the progress reported on drainage works, and further requests the State Party to carefully monitor the mitigation measures foreseen in the Regions I, III, IX, IV and V of the archaeological site and provide results to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  9. Requests furthermore the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre with the design for the service building at Villa A of Torre Annunziata, as soon as possible, for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  10. Requests moreover the State Party to provide more detailed information and clarifications on the coordinated management of the Herculaneum Archaeological Park, the Great Pompei Unit and the Torre Annunziata;
  11. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2018, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination of the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session in 2019.
Report year: 2017
Italy
Date of Inscription: 1997
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iii)(iv)(v)
Documents examined by the Committee
SOC Report by the State Party
Report (2016) .pdf
arrow_circle_right 41COM (2017)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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