1.         Bolgar Historical and Archaeological Complex (Russian Federation) (C 981rev)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2014

Criteria  (ii)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/981/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/981/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Threats identified at the time of inscription of the property:

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/981/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2016

On 30 November 2015, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/981/documents/, and addresses the progress made in the implementation of the Decision adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 38th session (Doha, 2014).

The report provides information on measures implemented in response to the decisions of the Committee as follows:

On 11 November 2015, the State Party informed the World Heritage Centre of the intention to develop the Bolgar Islamic Academy as a spiritual and educational centre to serve the increasing number of pilgrims to the property following its inscription on World Heritage List. The letter also announces the possibility to build additional training facilities and a dormitory 300-400m away from the White Mosque. 

Taking into account ICOMOS recommendations regarding this project, on 14 March 2016, the State Party submitted to the World Heritage Centre the Heritage Impact Assessment of the project for review by ICOMOS.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies are of the view that the Committee’s recommendations are being addressed continuously by the State Party and no further reporting is required in the short term. The State Party is encouraged to continue with the implementation of the measures requested by the Committee and with those envisaged in the Management Plan, notably the establishment and enforcement of legal and regulatory protection measures for the part of the property not yet protected and for the buffer zone, in order to ensure an appropriate state of conservation and to prevent threats from affecting its Outstanding Universal Value, in particular from activities outside the boundaries of the World Heritage property.

Decision Adopted: 40 COM 7B.105

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/16/40.COM/7B,
  2. Takes note with satisfaction of the measures taken by the States Parties concerned to address its previous requests to mitigate the threats on the Outstanding Universal Value of the following World Heritage properties:
    • Walled City of Baku with the Shirvanshah's Palace and Maiden Tower (Azerbaijan),
    • Bolgar Historical and Archaeological Complex (Russian Federation),
    • New Lanark (United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland),
    • Monumental Earthworks of Poverty Point (United States of America);
  3. Encourages the States Parties concerned to pursue their efforts to ensure the conservation of World Heritage properties;
  4. Recalling the benefits to States Parties of systematically utilizing Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) and Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) in the review of development projects, also encourages States Parties to integrate the EIA/HIA processes into legislation, planning mechanisms and management plans, and reiterates its recommendation to States Parties to use these tools in assessing projects, including assessment of cumulative impacts on the Outstanding Universal Value of properties, as early as possible and before any final decision is taken;
  5. Reminds the States Parties concerned to inform the World Heritage Centre in due course about any major development project that may negatively impact the Outstanding Universal Value of a property, before any irreversible decisions are made, in line with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines.