Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1988
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/116/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 84,577
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/116/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount granted: USD 110,000 (Italian Funds-in-Trust); USD 23,100 (Croisi Europe); USD 86,900 (European Commission), USD 53,000 (Netherland Funds-in-Trust)
Previous monitoring missions
2002, 2005: World Heritage Centre missions; 2006: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS/ICCROM Reactive Monitoring mission, 2014: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Illustrative material see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/116/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2015
On 13 February 2015, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report on the property, available at https://whc.unesco.org/fr/list/116/documents/. This report should be completed by a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission report in accordance with Decision 38 COM 7B.50, however this mission was postponed due to the precarious security situation in Mali. The State Party report provides the following information:
Furthermore, on 4 May 2015, the State Party submitted an intermediary report in the framework of the international assistance project for the reinforced protection of the property. This project has as objective the implementation of the Emergency Action Plan, adopted by Decision 38 COM 7B.50. The important points of this report are as follows:
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
The State Party has undertaken numerous efforts in the implementation of Decision 38 COM 7B.50, and more particularly in the implementation of activities of the Emergency Action Plan for the conservation and protection of the property. However, these efforts are far from sufficient in view of the many problems and threats that affect the integrity and authenticity of the property.
The precarious security situation of Mali has hindered the capability of the State Party to intervene at site. The actions carried out are mostly of an administrative nature, oriented towards security procedures, the archaeological sites and the adoption of urban regulatory measures. These actions also include measures for solid waste management and illegal occupation of the river banks. The urban and architectural situation of the old urban fabric (earthen constructions, the oldest of which date back to the 15th-16th centuries), is also seriously threatened by illegal works, as indicated in the State Party report. In addition to the institutional coordination measures between the different authorities, technical measures of a general nature are mentioned: inventory of traditional practices, standards for the conservation of earthen architecture in respect of new needs of comfort, cadastral plan and stocks of traditional materials. In the face of a particularly difficult situation, it is recommended that the Committee express its deep concern and insist on the need to urgently implement concrete and operational actions in respect of all the components of the property: the archaeological sites and the old urban fabric.
Together with the measures envisaged by the State Party, the intermediate report of the international assistance project as allows to observe an initial response to the main challenges evoked. The State Party should implement without delay the different stages of the international assistance project, mobilizing additional means to do so. Other than the World Heritage Fund, the State Party has not been able to raise additional funds for the property, and more important international assistance would be welcome. In the absence of significant progress in the implementation of the Emergency Action Plan, the property is likely to respond to conditions set out in paragraphs 177-182 of the Operational Guidelines referenced at the time of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger. Before this however, a Reactive Monitoring mission should confirm this eventuality.
Decision Adopted: 39 COM 7B.41
The World Heritage Committee,